School Discipline Laws & Regulations by Category & State

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Category: School Resource and Safety Officers (SROs/SSOs) and Truant/Attendance Officers
Subcategory: Certification or training

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Statesort descending Statute
Alabama

LAWS

16-1-44.1. School security personnel and school resource officers.

(a) As used in this section, the following terms have the following meanings:

(1) Retired law enforcement officer. A person who was a law enforcement officer and retired in good standing from a federal, state, or local law enforcement agency with at least 20 years of law enforcement experience.

(2) School resource officer. A person who is certified by the Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Commission as a law enforcement officer, whose certification is in good standing, and who has the power of arrest.

(b) A local board of education may employ persons as school security personnel or contract with a local chief of police or sheriff to employ school resource officers. A local board of education may allow any person employed by the board as school security personnel or as a school resource officer to carry a firearm while on duty if the employee satisfies all of the following qualifications:

(1) He or she is certified by the Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Commission as a law enforcement officer whose certification is in good standing or he or she is a retired law enforcement officer.

(2) He or she has successfully completed active shooter training approved by the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency.

(3) He or she annually completes and passes the firearm requalification required of law enforcement officers by the Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Commission.

(4) While on duty, he or she carries a non-lethal weapon and is trained in the appropriate use of that non-lethal weapon.

(c) Nothing in this section confers upon any individual the power of arrest.

(d) The State Department of Education shall adopt any necessary rules to provide for the implementation of this section including, but not limited to, rules providing additional qualifications for employment as school security personnel or school resource officers.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Alaska

No relevant laws or regulations found.

American Samoa

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Arizona

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Arkansas

LAWS

A.C.A. § 6-11-209. Additional truancy officers–Definition.

(d) A truancy officer hired under this section shall complete:

(1) The training requirements for juvenile intake and probation officer certification through the Administrative Office of the Courts; and

(2) Twelve (12) hours of continuing education annually as approved by the judge for the juvenile division of the circuit court for the county the truancy officer serves.

A.C.A. § 12-9-501. Legislative determination.

(a) The Criminal Justice Institute, an educational entity, was created for the purpose of providing management education and training, technical assistance, practical research and evaluation, a clearinghouse, and computer and forensic education and training for Arkansas law enforcement and national law enforcement.

(b) The initiatives developed by the Criminal Justice Institute are applicable on a national level, and this application for conceptualization and practice will be through the National Center for Rural Law Enforcement.

(c)(1) The General Assembly recognizes the importance of providing management, education, and training to law enforcement and, through the initiatives developed by the Criminal Justice Institute, the citizens of the State of Arkansas will be better served.

(2) These initiatives further the enhancement of the workforce through the developmental process of continuing education by which skills are upgraded and capabilities increased.

(3) This process will assist law enforcement ability to adapt to an ever-changing environment.

(d)(1) The General Assembly further recognizes that:

(A) Law enforcement plays a significant role in preventing and responding to acts of violence, terrorism, and natural disasters that occur on public school campuses; and

(B) Matters of public school campus safety require specialized education and training for law enforcement officers, school resource officers, and other school personnel who respond to incidents on school campuses:

(i) To develop and maintain strong partnerships between school personnel and law enforcement in preventing and responding to acts of violence, terrorism, and natural disaster that occur on public school campuses; and

(ii) For law enforcement officers to operate effectively in a school setting.

(2) Initiatives of the Criminal Justice Institute for specialized education and training on public school campus safety will enhance citizen cooperation and understanding of law enforcement in these areas and other issues of crime and violence against school children.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

California

LAWS

EDC 38001.5.

(a) It is the intent of the Legislature to ensure the safety of pupils, staff, and the public on or near California's public schools, by providing school security officers with training that will enable them to deal with the increasingly diverse and dangerous situations they encounter.

(b)(1) Every school security officer employed by a school district shall complete the latest course of training developed by the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services of the Department of Consumer Affairs in consultation with the Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training pursuant to Section 7583.45 of the Business and Professions Code. If a school security officer subject to the requirements of this subdivision is required to carry a firearm while performing their duties, that school security officer shall additionally satisfy the training requirements of Section 832 of the Penal Code.

(2) A school district shall provide the training required pursuant to this subdivision to all school security officers who are employees of the school district. A school district shall provide the training during the employee's regular work hours, unless otherwise negotiated and mutually agreed upon with the employee's exclusive representative.

(3) This subdivision does not require a school district to provide training to security guards who are not employees of the school district, including security guards who work on the property of the school district pursuant to a contract with a private licensed security agency. A school district that contracts for security services shall comply with the requirements of Section 45103.1.

(4) This subdivision shall not apply to a school security officer employed by a school district who works 20 or fewer hours per week as a school security officer until July 1, 2021.

(5) For purposes of this subdivision, “school district” includes a school district, county office of education, and charter school.

(c) For purposes of this chapter, “school security officer” means any person primarily employed or assigned pursuant to subdivision (b) to provide security services as a watchperson, security guard, or patrolperson on or about premises owned or operated by a school district to protect persons or property or to prevent the theft or unlawful taking of school district property of any kind or to report any unlawful activity to the school district and local law enforcement agencies.

(d)(1) A school security officer shall not be employed and shall not continue to be employed by a school district until both of the following conditions have been met:

(A)(i) The applicant or employee has submitted to the school district two copies of their fingerprints on forms or electronically, as prescribed by the Department of Justice. The school district shall submit the fingerprints to the Department of Justice, which shall submit one copy of the fingerprints to the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation.

(ii) An applicant or contracted employee who holds a permanent registration with the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services of the Department of Consumer Affairs as a security guard need only submit one copy of their fingerprints, which copy shall be submitted to the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation.

(iii) An applicant or contracted employee who is registered by the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services of the Department of Consumer Affairs, and who holds a firearms qualification card as specified in Section 7583.22 of the Business and Professions Code, is exempt from the requirements of this subdivision.

(B) The applicant or employee has been determined not to be a person prohibited from employment by a school district pursuant to Sections 44237 and 45122.1, or by the Department of Justice from possessing a firearm if the applicant is required to carry a firearm.

(2) The Department of Justice may participate in the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) in lieu of submitting fingerprints to the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation in order to meet the requirements of this subdivision relating to firearms.

PEN 832.2.

Every school police reserve officer, as described in Section 38000 of the Education Code, shall complete a course of training approved by the Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training relating directly to the role of school police reserve officers.

The school police reserve officer training course shall address guidelines and procedures for reporting offenses to other law enforcement agencies that deal with violence on campus and other school related matters, as determined by the Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training.

PEN 832.3.

(f) Any school police officer first employed by a K-12 public school district or California Community College district after July 1, 1999, shall successfully complete a basic course of training as prescribed by subdivision (a) before exercising the powers of a peace officer. A school police officer shall not be subject to this subdivision while participating as a trainee in a supervised field training program approved by the Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training.

(g) The commission shall prepare a specialized course of instruction for the training of school peace officers, as defined in Section 830.32, to meet the unique safety needs of a school environment. This course is intended to supplement any other training requirements.

(h) Any school peace officer first employed by a K-12 public school district or California Community College district before July 1, 1999, shall successfully complete the specialized course of training prescribed in subdivision (g) no later than July 1, 2002. Any school police officer first employed by a K-12 public school district or California Community College district after July 1, 1999, shall successfully complete the specialized course of training prescribed in subdivision (g) within two years of the date of first employment.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Colorado

LAWS

22-32-109.1. Board of education–specific powers and duties–safe school plan–conduct and discipline code–safe school reporting requirements–school response framework–school resource officers–definitions–repeal.

(4) School response framework–school safety, readiness, and incident management plan. Each board of education shall establish a school response framework that shall consist of policies described in this subsection (4). By satisfying the requirements of this subsection (4), a school or school district shall be in compliance with the national incident management system, referred to in this subsection (4) as "NIMS", developed by the federal emergency management agency. At a minimum, the policies shall require:

(d) Each school district, on or before July 1, 2009, to start to develop a school safety, readiness, and incident management plan, including, to the extent possible, emergency communications, that coordinates with any statewide or local emergency operation plans. In developing the plan, a school district may collaborate with community partners. The school safety, readiness, and incident management plan shall, at a minimum, identify for each public school in the school district:

(I) Safety teams and backups who are responsible for interacting with community partners and assuming key incident command positions; and

(II) Potential locations for various types of operational locations and support functions or facilities;

(k) Key emergency school personnel, including but not limited to safety teams and backups, to complete courses provided by the federal emergency management agency's emergency management institute or by institutions of higher education in the state system of community and technical colleges;

(l) School district employee safety and incident management training, including provisions stating that completion of any courses identified by the department of public safety pursuant to section 24-33.5-1606.5 (3), C.R.S., as related to NIMS count toward the professional development requirements of a person licensed pursuant to article 60.5 of this title;

22-32-146. School use of on-site peace officers as school resource officers.

(3) A school resource officer shall be familiar with the provisions of the conduct and discipline code of the school to which he or she is assigned.

24-31-312. School resource officer training.

(1) On or before January 1, 2014, the P.O.S.T. board shall identify a school resource officer training curriculum to prepare peace officers.

(2) To the extent practicable, the training curriculum described in subsection (1) of this section shall incorporate the suggestions of relevant stakeholders and advocates.

(3) (a) In assigning peace officers to serve as school resource officers pursuant to section 22-32-146, C.R.S., each law enforcement agency is encouraged to ensure that such peace officers have successfully completed the school resource officer training curriculum described in subsection (1) of this section, or will complete said training within six months after beginning the assignment.

(b) On and after January 1, 2015, each county sheriff and each municipal law enforcement agency of the state shall employ at least one peace officer who has successfully completed the training curriculum described in subsection (1) of this section.

(4) For the purposes of section 22-32-146, C.R.S., the training curriculum provided pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall include a means of recognizing and identifying peace officers who successfully complete the training curriculum.

(5) In providing the training curriculum described in subsection (1) of this section, the P.O.S.T. board may include provisions to allow for the awarding of credit to a peace officer who has successfully completed a school resource officer certification curriculum offered by one or more public or private entities, which entities shall be identified by the P.O.S.T. board.

(6) The P.O.S.T. board may charge a fee to each peace officer who enrolls in the training curriculum described in subsection (1) of this section. The amount of the fee shall not exceed the direct and indirect costs incurred by the P.O.S.T. board in providing the curriculum.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Connecticut

LAWS

7-294x. Council to provide training to public school security personnel.

The Police Officer Standards and Training Council established under section 7-294b shall provide training to security personnel employed in the public schools by a local or regional board of education. Such training shall include drug detection and gang identification.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Delaware

No relevant laws or regulations found.

District of Columbia

LAWS

§ 5-132.03. Training for school security personnel.

The School Safety Division shall develop a training curriculum for all school security personnel providing security for DCPS. The curriculum shall be focused on training supervisory and on-site personnel so that they will provide appropriate security procedures for the various socioeconomic conditions at each educational facility. The curriculum shall include training in the following areas:

(1) Child development;

(2) Effective communication skills;

(3) Behavior management;

(4) Conflict resolution;

(5) Substance abuse and its effect on youth;

(6) Availability of social services for youth;

(7) District of Columbia laws and regulations, including Board of Education regulations;

(8) Constitutional standards for searches and seizures conducted by school security personnel on school grounds; and

(9) Gang and crew violence prevention.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Florida

LAWS

1006.12. Safe-school officers at each public school.

(2) Commission one or more school safety officers for the protection and safety of school personnel, property, and students within the school district. The district school superintendent may recommend, and the district school board may appoint, one or more school safety officers.

(a) School safety officers shall undergo criminal background checks, drug testing, and a psychological evaluation and be law enforcement officers, as defined in s. 943.10(1), certified under the provisions of chapter 943 and employed by either a law enforcement agency or by the district school board. If the officer is employed by the district school board, the district school board is the employing agency for purposes of chapter 943 and must comply with the provisions of that chapter.

(b) A school safety officer has and shall exercise the power to make arrests for violations of law on district school board property and to arrest persons, whether on or off such property, who violate any law on such property under the same conditions that deputy sheriffs are authorized to make arrests. A school safety officer has the authority to carry weapons when performing his or her official duties.

(c) A district school board may enter into mutual aid agreements with one or more law enforcement agencies as provided in chapter 23. A school safety officer's salary may be paid jointly by the district school board and the law enforcement agency, as mutually agreed to.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Georgia

LAWS

20-2-695. Employing attendance officers in addition to visiting teachers; authority and duties.

(b) The authority and duties of any attendance officer so appointed by a local board of education shall include:

(3) When specifically authorized by the appointing local board of education, the authority to assume temporary custody of children absent from school in the same manner as authorized for peace officers under Code Sections 20-2-698 through 20-2-700; and any attendance officer so authorized by the appointing local board of education shall, when engaged in such function, have the same duties, authority, rights, privileges, and immunities as applicable to a peace officer engaged in such function, provided that the same shall not extend to the carrying of a weapon unless the attendance officer holds a valid certification as a peace officer from the Georgia Peace Officer Standards and Training Council;

35-8-27. Training requirements for school resource officers.

(a) It is the best practice for any person assigned or appointed as a school resource officer to successfully complete a training course for school resource officers approved by the council.

(b) For purposes of subsection (a) of this Code section, the council shall maintain a training course consisting of 40 hours of training for school resource officers. Such training course shall, at a minimum, provide training in the role of a peace officer assigned to an elementary or secondary school, search and seizure in elementary and secondary schools, criminal offenses, gang awareness, drug awareness, interviews and interrogations, emergency preparedness, and interpersonal interactions with adolescents, including the encountering of mental health issues.

20-8-5. Law enforcement powers of school security personnel in each public-school system of the state; certification; carrying of firearms or weapons.

(a) In each public school system in this state, school security personnel employed by the board of education of a county or an independent board of education of a municipality for the various public schools thereof who are certified pursuant to subsection (b) of this Code section and who are authorized by the board of education of that county or the independent board of education of that municipality shall have the same law enforcement powers on school property, including the power of arrest, as law enforcement officers of that respective county or municipality.

(b) As a condition precedent to the exercise of law enforcement powers pursuant to subsection (a) of this Code section, school security personnel must be certified by the Georgia Peace Officer Standards and Training Council as having met the qualifications and having completed the basic training requirements for a peace officer under Chapter 8 of Title 35. The certification of school security personnel by the Georgia Peace Officer Standards and Training Council does not require that such security personnel exercise the powers provided in subsection (a) of this Code section.

(c) The provisions of this Code section shall not prohibit a board of education of a county or an independent board of education of a municipality from employing school security personnel without law enforcement powers.

(d) School security personnel who are certified by the Georgia Peace Officer Standards and Training Council may be authorized by a local board of education to carry a standard issue firearm or weapon generally used for law enforcement purposes for the purpose of carrying out law enforcement duties.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Guam

LAWS

17 GCA § 8107. Marshal; appointment of special deputies.

(a) The Chief Justice, at the request of the Marshal of the Court, may appoint employees of

(1) the Department of Law,

(2) the Department of Revenue & Taxation of the government of Guam, and

(3) the School Attendance Officers of the Department of Education as Special Deputy Marshals of the Guam Judiciary. Such appointments shall be for as long as such employees remain in their employment with their respective departments, unless sooner revoked by the Chief Justice, whichever is earlier.

(b) The School Attendance Officers of the Department of Education shall complete a training program developed and adopted by the Judicial Council, that is pertinent to their appointment, prior to such appointment as Special Deputy Marshals of the Guam Judiciary.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Hawaii

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Idaho

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Illinois

LAWS

§ 50 ILCS 705/10.22 School resource officers.

(a) The Board shall develop or approve a course for school resource officers as defined in Section 10-20.68 of the School Code [105 ILCS 5/10-20.68].

(b) The school resource officer course shall be developed within one year after January 1, 2019 (the effective date of Public Act 100-984) and shall be created in consultation with organizations demonstrating expertise and or experience in the areas of youth and adolescent developmental issues, educational administrative issues, prevention of child abuse and exploitation, youth mental health treatment, and juvenile advocacy.

(c) The Board shall develop a process allowing law enforcement agencies to request a waiver of this training requirement for any specific individual assigned as a school resource officer. Applications for these waivers may be submitted by a local law enforcement agency chief administrator for any officer whose prior training and experience may qualify for a waiver of the training requirement of this subsection (c). The Board may issue a waiver at its discretion, based solely on the prior training and experience of an officer.

(d) Upon completion, the employing agency shall be issued a certificate attesting to a specific officer's completion of the school resource officer training. Additionally, a letter of approval shall be issued to the employing agency for any officer who is approved for a training waiver under this subsection (d).

§ 105 ILCS 5/10-20.68 School resource officer.

(a) In this Section, “school resource officer” means a law enforcement officer who has been primarily assigned to a school or school district under an agreement with a local law enforcement agency.

(b) Beginning January 1, 2021, any law enforcement agency that provides a school resource officer under this Section shall provide to the school district a certificate of completion, or approved waiver, issued by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board under Section 10.22 of the Illinois Police Training Act indicating that the subject officer has completed the requisite course of instruction in the applicable subject areas within one year of assignment, or has prior experience and training which satisfies this requirement.

(c) In an effort to defray the related costs, any law enforcement agency that provides a school resource officer should apply for grant funding through the federal Community Oriented Policing Services grant program.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Indiana

LAWS

IC 20-26-16-4. Minimum training requirements.

An individual appointed as a school corporation or charter school police officer must successfully complete at least:

(1) the pre-basic training course established under IC 5-2-1-9(f); and

(2) the minimum basic training and educational requirements adopted by the law enforcement training board under IC 5-2-1-9 as necessary for employment as a law enforcement officer.

IC 20-26-16-5. Training for certain officers.

(a) Notwithstanding section 4 of this chapter and IC 5-2-1-9, an individual appointed as a school corporation police officer before July 1, 2007, must complete, not later than July 1, 2010, at least: (1) the pre-basic training course established under IC 5-2-1-9(f); and (2) the minimum basic training and educational requirements adopted by the law enforcement training board under IC 5-2-1-9 as necessary for employment as a law enforcement officer.

(b) As set forth in IC 5-2-1-9, an individual appointed as a school corporation or charter school police officer may not: (1) make an arrest; (2) conduct a search or a seizure of a person or property; or (3) carry a firearm; unless the school corporation police officer successfully completes a pre-basic training course under IC 5-2-1-9(f).

IC 20-26-18.2-1. "School resource officer."

(b) Before being appointed as a school resource officer, an individual must have:

(1) successfully completed the minimum training requirements established for law enforcement officers under IC 5-2-1-9; and

(2) received at least forty (40) hours of school resource officer training through:

(A) the Indiana law enforcement training board established by IC 5-2-1-3;

(B) the National Association of School Resource Officers; or

(C) another school resource officer training program approved by the Indiana law enforcement training board.

(c) Training described in subsection (b)(2) must include instruction regarding skills, tactics, and strategies necessary to address the special nature of:

(1) school campuses; and

(2) school building security needs and characteristics.

IC 20-33-2-41. Attendance officers; licensing required; exception.

With the exception of ex officio attendance officers, an individual may not hold the position of attendance officer unless the individual has complied with all standards of the department and has been properly licensed by the department.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Iowa

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Kansas

LAWS

75-763. Rules and regulations for skill development training for school misconduct .

(a) The attorney general shall, in collaboration with them Kansas law enforcement training center and the state board of education, promulgate rules and regulations by January 1, 2017, creating a skill development training for responding effectively to misconduct in school while minimizing student exposure to the juvenile justice system.

(b) The skill development training shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

(1) Information on adolescent development;

(2) risk and needs assessments;

(3) mental health;

(4) diversity;

(5) youth crisis intervention;

(6) substance abuse prevention;

(7) trauma-informed responses; and

(8) other evidence-based practices in school policing to mitigate student juvenile justice exposure.

(c) The superintendent of each school district or the superintendent's designee and any law enforcement officer primarily assigned to a school shall complete the skill development training.

REGULATIONS

16-16-2. Curriculum.

There is hereby created a skill development training course, which shall include the following curriculum:

(a) Information on adolescent development;

(b) risk and needs assessments;

(c) mental health;

(d) diversity;

(e) youth crisis intervention;

(f) substance abuse prevention;

(g) trauma-informed responses; and

(h) other evidence-based practices in school policing to mitigate student juvenile justice exposure.

16-16-3. Training requirement.

(a) Each law enforcement officer primarily assigned to a school and each superintendent or superintendent's designee shall be required to successfully complete a skill development training course, pursuant to K.A.R. 16-16-2, that has been developed and either provided or authorized by the Kansas law enforcement training center according to the following, whichever is later:

(1) On or before June 30, 2018; or

(2) within one year of being designated as a law enforcement officer primarily assigned to a school or employed by a school district as a superintendent or superintendent's designee.

(b) Nothing in this regulation shall require a law enforcement officer primarily assigned to a school or a superintendent or superintendent's designee to complete more than one skill development training course.

(c) Each law enforcement officer primarily assigned to a school and each superintendent or superintendent's designee shall submit proof of successful completion of a skill development training course, pursuant to K.A.R. 16-16-2, that was developed and either provided or authorized by the Kansas law enforcement training center to that individual's respective certification or licensing agency.

Kentucky

LAWS

KRS 158.441. Definitions for chapter.

As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise:

(2) “Kentucky State Police school resource officer” or “KSPSRO” means a Kentucky State Police officer, CVE R Class, or Trooper R Class, as defined in KRS 16.010, who is employed by a school district as a school resource officer, as defined in this section, through a contract as secondary employment for the officer;

(5) “School resource officer” or “SRO” means an officer whose primary job function is to work with youth at a school site as described in Section 3 of this Act, who has specialized training to work with youth at a school site pursuant to Section 3 of this Act and who is:

(a) 1. A sworn law enforcement officer; or

2. A special law enforcement officer appointed pursuant to KRS 61.902; and

(b) Employed:

1. Through a contract between a local law enforcement agency and a school district;

2. Through a contract as secondary employment for an officer, as defined in KRS 16.010, between the Department of Kentucky State Police and a school district; or

3. Directly by a local board of education;

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.