District of Columbia School Discipline Laws & Regulations: Prevention

Discipline Compendium

District of Columbia School Discipline Laws & Regulations: Prevention

Category: Prevention, Behavioral Interventions, and Supports
Subcategory: Prevention
State: District of Columbia

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§ 2-1595. Duties.

(b)(1) All programs shall be evidence-based, age-appropriate, and implemented to serve children and their families and shall include:

(B) School-based violence and substance abuse prevention.

§ 38-236.06. Support for positive school climate and trauma-informed educational settings.

(a) The Office of the State Superintendent of Education shall provide an array of supports to assist local education agencies and schools to achieve the goals of §§ 38-236.03 through 38-236.05 and to adopt trauma-informed disciplinary practices. The OSSE shall provide local education agencies and schools with, among other supports, the following:

(1) Guidance and materials that inform local education agencies and school communities about developments in the fields of school climates and behavioral management;

(2) Regular, high-quality professional development opportunities and technical assistance, and recommendations for further instruction outside of these opportunities, for local education agency and school personnel on:

(A) Trauma and chronic stress, their effects on students and learning, and effective responses;

(B) Classroom management, positive behavioral interventions, and fostering positive school climate;

(C) Disciplinary approaches that utilize instruction and correction;

(D) Restorative practices and other evidence-based or promising behavioral interventions;

(E) Implementation of high-quality functional behavior assessments, behavioral intervention plans, and manifestation determination reviews, as those terms are used in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, approved December 3, 2004 (118 Stat. 2745; 20 U.S.C. § 1400 et seq.); and

(F) Implicit bias and culturally responsive corrective action techniques;

(3) Opportunities for local education agencies and schools to share promising practices regarding the topics in paragraph (2) of this subsection; and

(4) Technical assistance and supportive services to assist local education agencies and schools, as needed and in accordance with policies OSSE adopts, in reducing the use of exclusion by addressing the causes of student misconduct and the development and revision of disciplinary plans.

(b) The OSSE shall collaborate with other government agencies, local education agencies and schools, and postsecondary educational institutions to facilitate the provision of postsecondary degree or certificate programs covering the topics described in subsection (a)(2) of this section, including the identification or creation of a trauma-informed educator certificate program.

(c) For the purpose of providing local education agencies and schools the services set forth in subsection (a) of this section, the OSSE may:

(1) Award a contract or grant to one or more nonprofit organizations;

(2) Award contracts or competitive or formula grants to local education agencies, schools, or partnerships developed among schools or with nonprofit organizations;

(3) Establish a memorandum of understanding with the Department of Behavioral Health or other District agency; or

(4) Any combination of paragraphs (1) through (3) of this subsection.

(c-1) Beginning October 1, 2019, and consistent with the recommendations in the Report of the Task Force on School Mental Health submitted March 26, 2018, the Department of Behavioral Health shall provide local education agencies and schools with non-instructional personnel who have specialized expertise in behavioral health and trauma-informed educational settings to provide local education agencies and schools with broader mental health services, including reducing the use of exclusion by addressing the causes of student misconduct and being available for consultation regarding the development and revision of disciplinary plans.

(d) Within 2 years after August 29, 2018, and every 5 years thereafter, the OSSE shall submit to the Mayor and the Council an evaluative report on local education agency and school implementation of practices to promote school safety and reduce the use of exclusion, which shall:

(1) Be based upon rigorous research techniques, including quantitative and qualitative methods;

(2) Draw on the information maintained and reported pursuant to § 38-236.09, as well as other sources, with a particular focus on:

(A) Ensuring the fidelity of data reporting;

(B) Unanticipated consequences of the disciplinary policies and practices adopted pursuant to this part;

(C) Barriers schools face in implementing the policies and practices required pursuant to this part; and

(D) Effective approaches utilized by schools to avoid reliance on exclusion and reduce disparities in its use;

(3) Provide specific recommendations for further action by the Council, executive branch, and schools; and

(4) Provide suggestions for further research.

§ 38-827.01. Establishment of the Healthy Youth and Schools Commission.

(a) There is established the Healthy Youth and Schools Commission with the purpose of advising the Mayor and the Council on health, wellness, and nutritional issues concerning youth and schools in the District, including:

(11) Violence prevention.


5-B2500. General policy.

2500.2 DCPS is committed to helping students learn the expectations and rules for appropriate school behavior and the range of disciplinary responses for inappropriate or disruptive behavior. DCPS will recognize and encourage students who exhibit appropriate, non-disruptive behavior. DCPS will encourage prevention and intervention strategies to prevent inappropriate behavior. To that end all available resources, subject to budgetary limitations, shall be utilized, including preventive and responsive interventions that support students' needs. [...]

2500.4 Whenever possible, prevention, intervention, and remediation strategies shall be used in addition to disciplinary responses at all stages of the disciplinary process, including students transitioning from Suspension or Expulsion. [...]

2500.6 Options for prevention, intervention, and remediation shall include, but not be limited to:

(a) Anger management;

(b) Attendance intervention plans;

(c) Behavior intervention plan;

(d) Behavior log/behavior progress report;

(e) Behavior redirection;

(f) Community conference;

(g) Community service;

(h) Conflict resolution;

(i) Crime awareness/prevention programs;

(j) Diverse instructional strategies;

(k) In-school program restructuring (schedule change);

(l) Individual or group counseling;

(m) Intervention by guidance counselor or mental health professional;

(n) Mediation, including teacher/student mediation and multi-party dispute resolution;

(o) Mentoring;

(p) Parent conference;

(q) Parent observation of student;

(r) Positive feedback for appropriate behavior;

(s) Positive behavior supports

(t) Problem solving conferences;

(u) Referral to community based organizations;

(v) Referral to substance abuse counseling service;

(w) Rehabilitative programs;

(x) Restitution;

(y) Restorative justice strategies;

(z) Social skills instruction;

(aa) Student support team meeting; and

(bb) Other appropriate intervention strategies.

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U.S. Department of Education

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