Maryland School Discipline Laws & Regulations: Communication of Policy

Discipline Compendium

Maryland School Discipline Laws & Regulations: Communication of Policy

Category: Codes of Conduct
Subcategory: Communication of Policy
State: Maryland

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LAWS

7-424.1. Model policy prohibiting bullying, harassment and intimidation.

(c) Development of policy by county boards. -

(1) Each county board shall establish a policy prohibiting bullying, harassment, or intimidation at school based on the model policy.

(2) The policy shall address the components of the model policy specified in subsection (b)(2) of this section.

(3) A county board shall develop the policy in consultation with representatives of the following groups:

(i) Parents or guardians of students;

(ii) School employees and administrators;

(iii) School volunteers;

(iv) Students; and

(v) Members of the community.

(4) By January 1, 2017, and every 5 years thereafter, each county board shall update its policy based on the State Board's update of the model policy under subsection (b)(3) of this section.

(d) Publication of policy.–Each county board shall publicize its policy in student handbooks, school system websites, and any other location or venue the county board determines is necessary or appropriate.

7-424.2. Gangs and gang activity.

(d) Policy or regulations by local school system. -

(1) Each local school system shall establish a policy or regulations to address gangs, gang activity, and similar destructive or illegal group behavior in schools based on the model policy.

(2) The policy or regulations shall address the components of the model policy specified in subsection (c) of this section.

(3) Each local school system shall develop the policy or regulations in consultation with representatives of the following groups:

(i) Parents or guardians of students;

(ii) School employees and administrators;

(iii) School volunteers;

(iv) Students;

(v) Local law enforcement;

(vi) Gang prevention and intervention programs;

(vii) The Office of the Public Defender;

(viii) The Maryland State's Attorneys Association; and

(ix) Members of the community.

(e) Policy or regulations by local school system–Submission to State Superintendent.–Each local school system shall submit its policy or regulations to the State Superintendent by September 1, 2011.

(f) Policy or regulations by local school system–Publication.–Each local school system shall publicize its policy or regulations in student handbooks, on school system websites, and at any other location or venue the local school system determines is necessary or appropriate.

REGULATIONS

13A.02.04.04. Notification of a tobacco-free environment.

Each local school system shall post notification to students, staff, and the general public that school buildings and grounds are tobacco-free.

13A.08.01.14. Searches.

A. Search of Student by Principal, Assistant Principal, or School Security Guard.

(1) A principal, assistant principal, or school security guard of a public school may make a reasonable search of a student on the school premises or on a school-sponsored trip if the searcher has a reasonable belief that the student has in the student's possession an item, the possession of which is:

(a) A criminal offense under the laws of this State; or

(b) A violation of:

(i) Any other State law; or

(ii) A rule or regulation of the local board.

(2) A search under § A(1) of this regulation shall be made in the presence of a third party.

B. Search of School by Principal, Assistant Principal, or School Security Guard.

(1) A principal, assistant principal, or school security guard of a public school may make a search of the physical plant of the school and its appurtenances, including the lockers of students.

(2) The right of a principal, assistant principal, or school security guard to search lockers of students under § B(1) of this regulation shall be announced or published previously in the school.

C. Search of Student on School-Sponsored Trip by Teacher.

(1) A local board may authorize a teacher of a public school to make a reasonable search of a student on a school-sponsored trip if the teacher has a reasonable belief that the student has in the student's possession an item, the possession of which is:

(a) A criminal offense under the laws of this State; or

(b) A violation of:

(i) Any other State law; or

(ii) A rule or regulation of the local board.

(2) To qualify to conduct a search under § C(1) of this regulation, a teacher shall:

(a) Be designated in writing by a principal; and

(b) Receive training to conduct a search commensurate with the training received by a principal.

(3) A search under § C(1) of this regulation shall be made in the presence of a third party.

D. Police officers shall conduct searches of students and the school premises in accordance with their established policies and procedures.

E. A school official may not conduct a search of the person of a student at the request of a police officer unless a search warrant has been issued authorizing the search.

F. Every effort shall be made to conduct searches in a manner which will minimize disruption of the normal school routine and minimize embarrassment to students affected.

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