Nevada School Discipline Laws & Regulations: Bullying, Harassment, or Hazing

Discipline Compendium

Nevada School Discipline Laws & Regulations: Bullying, Harassment, or Hazing

Category: Discipline Addressing Specific Code of Conduct Violations
Subcategory: Bullying, Harassment, or Hazing
State: Nevada

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LAWS

NRS 62C.400. Department of juvenile services to provide certain information to juvenile court and school district concerning child who engaged in bullying or cyber-bullying.

1. If a department of juvenile services determines that a child who is currently enrolled in school unlawfully engaged in discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying, the department shall provide the information specified in subsection 2 to the juvenile court in the judicial district in which the child resides and to the school district in which the child is currently enrolled.

2. The information required to be provided pursuant to subsection 1 must include:

(a) The name of the child;

(b) The name of the person who was the subject of the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying; and

(c) A description of any discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying committed by the child against the other person.

3. As used in this section:

(a) "Bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.122.

(b) "Cyber-bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.123.9

(c) “Discrimination based on race” has the meaning ascribed to it in section 4 of this act.

NRS 62E.030. Court to provide certain information to school district concerning certain offenses.

3. If a court determines that a child who is currently enrolled in school unlawfully engaged in bullying or cyber-bullying, the court shall provide the information specified in subsection 4 to the school district in which the child is currently enrolled.

4. The information required to be provided pursuant to subsection 3 must include:

(a) The name of the child;

(b) The name of the person who was the subject of the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying; and

(c) A description of any discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying committed by the child against the other person.

5. As used in this section:

(a) "Bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.122.

(b) "Cyber-bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.123.

(c) “Discrimination based on race” has the meaning ascribed to it in section 4 of this act.

NRS 200.605. Penalties; definition.

1. A person who engages in hazing is guilty of:

(a) A misdemeanor, if no substantial bodily harm results.

(b) A gross misdemeanor, if substantial bodily harm results.

2. Consent of a victim of hazing is not a valid defense to a prosecution conducted pursuant to this section.

3. For the purposes of this section, an activity shall be deemed to be "forced" if initiation into or affiliation with a student organization, academic association or athletic team is directly or indirectly conditioned upon participation in the activity.

4. As used in this section, "hazing" means an activity in which a person intentionally or recklessly endangers the physical health of another person for the purpose of initiation into or affiliation with a student organization, academic association or athletic team at a high school, college or university in this state. The term:

(a) Includes, without limitation, any physical brutality or brutal treatment, including, without limitation, whipping, beating, branding, forced calisthenics, exposure to the elements or forced consumption of food, liquor, drugs or other substances.

(b) Does not include any athletic, curricular, extracurricular or quasi-military practice, conditioning or competition that is sponsored or approved by the high school, college or university.

NRS 236.073. Week of Respect.

1. The Governor shall annually proclaim the first week in October to be "Week of Respect."

2. The proclamation may call upon:

(a) News media, educators and appropriate government offices to bring to the attention of the residents of Nevada factual information regarding bullying and cyber-bullying, including, without limitation:

(1) Statistical information regarding the number of pupils who are bullied or cyber-bullied each year;

(2) The methods to identify and assist pupils who are at risk of bullying or cyber-bullying; and

(3) The methods to prevent bullying and cyber-bullying; and

(b) Governing bodies to provide instruction on the ways in which pupils can prevent bullying and cyber-bullying during the Week of Respect and throughout the school year that is appropriate for the grade level of pupils who receive the instruction.

3. As used in this section:

(a) "Bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.122.

(b) "Cyber-bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.123.

(c) “Discrimination based on race” has the meaning ascribed to it in section 4 of this act.

(d) "Governing body" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.126.

NRS 385A.250. Discipline of pupils.

1. The annual report of accountability prepared pursuant to NRS 385A.070 must include information on the discipline of pupils, including, without limitation:

(e) For each school in the district and the district as a whole, including, without limitation, each charter school sponsored by the district:

(2) The number of incidents determined to be discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying after an investigation is conducted pursuant to NRS 388.1351;

(3) The number of incidents resulting in suspension or expulsion, or both, for discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying; and

(4) Any actions taken to reduce the number of incidents of discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying including, without limitation, training that was offered or other policies, practices and programs that were implemented.

3. As used in this section:

(a) "Bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.122.

(b) "Cyber-bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.123.

(c)  “Discrimination based on race” has the meaning ascribed to it in section 4 of this act.

NRS 385A.460. Discipline of pupils.

1. The annual report of accountability prepared by the State Board pursuant to NRS 385A.400 must include information on the discipline of pupils, including, without limitation:

(e) For each school district, including, without limitation, each charter school in the district, and for this State as a whole:

(1) The number of reported violations of NRS 388.135 occurring at a school or otherwise involving a pupil enrolled at a school, regardless of the outcome of the investigation conducted pursuant to NRS 388.1351;

(2) The number of incidents determined to be bullying or cyber-bullying after an investigation is conducted pursuant to NRS 388.1351;

(3) The number of incidents resulting in suspension or expulsion for bullying or cyber-bullying; and

(4) Any actions taken to reduce the number of incidents of bullying or cyber-bullying, including, without limitation, training that was offered or other policies, practices and programs that were implemented.

2. As used in this section:

(a) "Bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.122.

(b) "Cyber-bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.123.

NRS 388.077. Right of pupils to constitutional expression; limitation; adoption of policy for pupil publications; resolution of complaint by pupil of violation of right.

1. Each pupil of a public school, including, without limitation, each pupil of a university school for profoundly gifted pupils, is entitled to express himself or herself in a manner consistent with the rights guaranteed by the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution.

2. Any expression described in subsection 1 must not be disruptive of instruction at a public school, including, without limitation, a university school for profoundly gifted pupils, must not be used to engage in discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying or intimidate any person and must not be organized, broadcast or endorsed by a public school, including, without limitation, a university school for profoundly gifted pupils.

3. The board of trustees of each school district, the governing body of each charter school and the governing body of each university school for profoundly gifted pupils shall adopt a written policy for pupil publications which:

(a) Establishes reasonable provisions governing the time, place and manner for the distribution of pupil publications;

(b) Protects the right of expression described in subsection 1 for pupils working on pupil publications as journalists in their determination of the news, opinions, feature content, advertising content and other content of the pupil publications;

(c) Prohibits, without limitation, the following:

(1) Restricting the publication of any content in pupil publications unless the content would substantially disrupt the ability of the public school to perform its educational mission;

(2) Dismissing, suspending, disciplining or retaliating against an employee or other person acting as an adviser for a pupil publication or as an adviser for pupils working as journalists on a pupil publication for acting within the scope of that position, including, without limitation, taking responsible and appropriate action to protect a pupil engaged in conduct protected pursuant to the written policy or refusing to perform an action which violates the written policy; and

(3) Expelling, suspending or otherwise disciplining a pupil for engaging in conduct in accordance with the policy, unless such conduct substantially disrupts the ability of the public school to perform its educational mission and the disruption was intentional; and

(d) Includes a disclaimer indicating that any content published in a pupil publication is not endorsed by the public school.

4. The board of trustees of each school district, the governing body of each charter school and the governing body of each university school for profoundly gifted pupils shall adopt a policy prescribing procedures for the resolution of a complaint by a pupil of the school district, charter school or university school for profoundly gifted pupils that the rights of the pupil described in subsection 1 or 3 have been violated. The policy required by this subsection may be part of a comprehensive discrimination grievance policy of the school district, charter school or university school for profoundly gifted pupils or may be a separate policy.

5. As used in this section:

(a) "Bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.122.

(b) "Cyber-bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.123.

(c) “Discrimination based on race” has the meaning ascribed to it in section 4 of this act.

NRS 388.121. Definitions.

As used in NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 388.1215 to 388.127, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

NRS 388.122. "Bullying" defined.

1. "Bullying" means written, verbal or electronic expressions or physical acts or gestures, or any combination thereof, that are directed at a person or group of persons, or a single severe and willful act or expression that is directed at a person or group of persons, and:

(a) Have the effect of:

(1) Physically harming a person or damaging the property of a person; or

(2) Placing a person in reasonable fear of physical harm to the person or damage to the property of the person;

(b) Interfere with the rights of a person by:

(1) Creating an intimidating or hostile educational environment for the person; or

(2) Substantially interfering with the academic performance of a pupil or the ability of the person to participate in or benefit from services, activities or privileges provided by a school; or

(c) Are acts or conduct described in paragraph (a) or (b) and are based upon the:

(1) Actual or perceived race, color, national origin, ancestry, religion, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, physical or mental disability of a person, sex or any other distinguishing characteristic or background of a person; or

(2) Association of a person with another person having one or more of those actual or perceived characteristics.

2. The term includes, without limitation:

(a) Repeated or pervasive taunting, name-calling, belittling, mocking or use of put-downs or demeaning humor regarding the actual or perceived race, color, national origin, ancestry, religion, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, physical or mental disability of a person, sex or any other distinguishing characteristic or background of a person;

(b) Behavior that is intended to harm another person by damaging or manipulating his or her relationships with others by conduct that includes, without limitation, spreading false rumors;

(c) Repeated or pervasive nonverbal threats or intimidation such as the use of aggressive, menacing or disrespectful gestures;

(d) Threats of harm to a person, to his or her possessions or to other persons, whether such threats are transmitted verbally, electronically or in writing;

(e) Blackmail, extortion or demands for protection money or involuntary loans or donations;

(f) Blocking access to any property or facility of a school;

(g) Stalking; and

(h) Physically harmful contact with or injury to another person or his or her property.

NRS 388.123. "Cyber-bullying" defined.

"Cyber-bullying" means bullying through the use of electronic communication. The term includes the use of electronic communication to transmit or distribute a sexual image of a minor. As used in this section, "sexual image" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 200.737.

NRS 388.124. "Electronic communication" defined.

"Electronic communication" means the communication of any written, verbal or pictorial information through the use of an electronic device, including, without limitation, a telephone, a cellular phone, a computer or any similar means of communication.

NRS 388.132. Legislative declaration concerning safe and respectful learning environment.

The Legislature declares that:

1. Pupils are the most vital resource to the future of this State;

2. A learning environment that is safe and respectful is essential for the pupils enrolled in the schools in this State and is necessary for those pupils to achieve academic success and meet this State's high academic standards;

3. Every classroom, hallway, locker room, cafeteria, restroom, gymnasium, playground, athletic field, school bus, parking lot and other areas on the premises of a school in this State must be maintained as a safe and respectful learning environment, and no form of discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying will be tolerated within the system of public education in this State;

4. Any form of discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying seriously interferes with the ability of teachers to teach in the classroom and the ability of pupils to learn;

5. The use of the Internet by pupils in a manner that is ethical, safe and secure is essential to a safe and respectful learning environment and is essential for the successful use of technology;

6. It will ensure that:

(a) The schools in this State provide a safe and respectful learning environment in which persons of differing beliefs, races, colors, national origins, ancestries, religions, gender identities or expressions, sexual orientations, physical or mental disabilities, sexes or any other distinguishing characteristics or backgrounds can realize their full academic and personal potential;

(b) All administrators, teachers and other personnel of the school districts and schools in this State demonstrate appropriate and professional behavior on the premises of any school by treating other persons, including, without limitation, pupils, with civility and respect, by refusing to tolerate bullying and cyber-bullying, and by taking immediate action to protect a victim or target of bullying or cyber-bullying when witnessing, overhearing or being notified that bullying or cyber-bullying is occurring or has occurred;

(c) The quality of instruction is not negatively impacted by poor attitudes or interactions among administrators, teachers, coaches or other personnel of a school district or school;

(d) All persons in a school are entitled to maintain their own beliefs and to respectfully disagree without resorting to discrimination based on race, bullying, cyber-bullying or violence; and

(e) Any teacher, administrator, coach or other staff member or pupil who tolerates or engages in an act of discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying or violates a provision of NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive, and sections 4, 5 and 6 of this act regarding a response to discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying against a pupil will be held accountable; and

7. By declaring this mandate that the schools in this State provide a safe and respectful learning environment, the Legislature is not advocating or requiring the acceptance of differing beliefs in a manner that would inhibit the freedom of expression, but is requiring that pupils be free from physical, emotional or mental abuse while at school and that pupils be provided with an environment that allows them to learn.

NRS 388.1321. Legislative declaration concerning duty of governing body, administrators and teachers to create and provide safe and respectful learning environment; authority of parent or guardian of pupil to petition court to compel performance of duty; remedy not exclusive.

1. The Legislature hereby declares that the members of a governing body and all administrators and teachers have a duty to create and provide a safe and respectful learning environment for all pupils that is free of bullying and cyber-bullying.

2. A parent or guardian of a pupil may petition a court of competent jurisdiction for a writ of mandamus to compel the performance of any duty imposed by the provisions of NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive.

3. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to preclude a parent or guardian of a pupil from seeking any remedy available at law or in equity.

NRS 388.1323. Office for a Safe and Respectful Learning Environment: Creation; appointment and duties of Director.

1. The Office for a Safe and Respectful Learning Environment is hereby created within the Department.

2. The Superintendent of Public Instruction shall appoint a Director of the Office, who shall serve at the pleasure of the Superintendent.

3. The Director of the Office shall ensure that the Office:

(a) Maintains a 24-hour, toll-free statewide hotline and Internet website by which any person can report a violation of the provisions of NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive, and obtain information about anti-bullying efforts and organizations; and

(b) Provides outreach and anti-bullying education and training for pupils, parents and guardians, teachers, administrators, coaches and other staff members and the members of a governing body. The outreach and training must include, without limitation:

(1) Training regarding methods, procedures and practice for recognizing discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying behaviors;

(2) Training regarding effective intervention and remediation strategies regarding discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying;

(3) Training regarding methods for reporting violations of NRS 388.135; and

(4) Information on and referral to available resources regarding suicide prevention and the relationship between discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying and suicide, including, without limitation, resources for pupils who are members of groups at a high risk of suicide. Such groups include, without limitation, the groups described in subsection 3 of NRS 388.256.

4. The Director of the Office shall establish procedures by which the Office may receive reports of bullying and cyber-bullying and complaints regarding violations of the provisions of NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive, and sections 4, 5 and 6 of this act.

5. The Director of the Office or his or her designee shall investigate any complaint that a teacher, administrator, coach or other staff member or member of a governing body has violated a provision of NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive, and sections 4, 5 and 6 of this act. If a complaint alleges criminal conduct or an investigation leads the Director of the Office or his or her designee to suspect criminal conduct, the Director of the Office may request assistance from the Investigation Division of the Department of Public Safety.

NRS 388.1327. Regulations.

The State Board shall adopt regulations:

1. Establishing the process whereby school districts may apply to the Department for a grant of money from the Discrimination and Bullying Prevention Account pursuant to NRS 388.1325.

2. As are necessary to carry out the provisions of NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive, and sections 4, 5 and 6 of this act.

NRS 388.133. Policy by Department concerning safe and respectful learning environment.

1. The Department shall, in consultation with the governing bodies, educational personnel, local associations and organizations of parents whose children are enrolled in schools throughout this State, and individual parents and legal guardians whose children are enrolled in schools throughout this State, prescribe by regulation a policy for all school districts and schools to provide a safe and respectful learning environment that is free of discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying.

2. The policy must include, without limitation:

(a) Requirements and methods for reporting violations of NRS 388.135, including, without limitation, violations among teachers and violations between teachers and administrators, coaches and other personnel of a school district or school;

(b) Requirements and methods for addressing the rights and needs of persons with diverse gender identities or expressions;

(c) Requirements and methods for restorative disciplinary practices that align with the statewide framework for restorative justice if such a framework is developed pursuant to section 2 of this act; and

(d) A policy for use by school districts and schools to train members of the governing body and all administrators, teachers and all other personnel employed by the governing body. The policy must include, without limitation:

(1) Training in the appropriate methods to facilitate positive human relations among pupils by eliminating the use of discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying so that pupils may realize their full academic and personal potential;

(2) Training in methods to prevent, identify and report incidents of discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying;

(3) Training concerning the needs of persons with diverse gender identities or expressions;

(4) Training concerning the needs of pupils with disabilities and pupils with autism spectrum disorder;

(5) Methods to promote a positive learning environment;

(6) Methods to improve the school environment in a manner that will facilitate positive human relations among pupils; and

(7) Methods to teach skills to pupils so that the pupils are able to replace inappropriate behavior with positive behavior.

NRS 388.134. Policy by governing bodies for provision of safe and respectful learning environment and policy for ethical, safe and secure use of computers; provision of training to governing bodies and school personnel; posting of policies on Internet website; annual review and update of policies.

Each governing body shall:

1. Adopt the policy prescribed pursuant to NRS 388.133 and the policy prescribed pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 389.520. The governing body may adopt an expanded policy for one or both of the policies if each expanded policy complies with the policy prescribed pursuant to NRS 388.133 or pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 389.520, as applicable.

2. Provide for the appropriate training of members of the governing body and all administrators, teachers and all other personnel employed by the governing body in accordance with the policies prescribed pursuant to NRS 388.133 and pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 389.520. For members of the governing body who have not previously served on the governing body or for employees of the school district or school who have not previously been employed by the district or school, the training required by this subsection must be provided within 180 days after the member begins his or her service or after the employee begins his or her employment, as applicable.

3. Post the policies adopted pursuant to subsection 1 on the Internet website maintained by the school district or school.

4. Ensure that the parents and legal guardians of pupils enrolled in the school district or school have sufficient information concerning the availability of the policies, including, without limitation, information that describes how to access the policies on the Internet website maintained by the school district or school. Upon the request of a parent or legal guardian, the school district or school shall provide the parent or legal guardian with a written copy of the policies.

5. Review the policies adopted pursuant to subsection 1 on an annual basis and update the policies if necessary. If the governing body updates the policies, the governing body must submit a copy of the updated policies to the Department within 30 days after the update.

NRS 388.1341. Development of informational pamphlet by Department; annual review and update; posting on Internet website; development of tutorial.

1. The Department, in consultation with persons who possess knowledge and expertise in discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying, shall, to the extent money is available, develop an informational pamphlet to assist pupils and the parents or legal guardians of pupils enrolled in schools in this State in resolving incidents of discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying. If developed, the pamphlet must include, without limitation:

(a) A summary of the policy prescribed by the Department pursuant to NRS 388.133 and the provisions of NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive, and sections 4, 5 and 6;

(b) A description of practices which have proven effective in preventing and resolving violations of NRS 388.135 in schools, which must include, without limitation, methods to identify and assist pupils who are at risk for discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying; and

(c) An explanation that the parent or legal guardian of a pupil who is involved in a reported violation of NRS 388.135 may request an appeal of a disciplinary decision made against the pupil as a result of the violation, in accordance with the policy governing disciplinary action adopted by a governing body.

2. If the Department develops a pamphlet pursuant to subsection 1, the Department shall review the pamphlet on an annual basis and make such revisions to the pamphlet as the Department determines are necessary to ensure the pamphlet contains current information.

3. If the Department develops a pamphlet pursuant to subsection 1, the Department shall post a copy of the pamphlet on the Internet website maintained by the Department.

4. To the extent the money is available, the Department shall develop a tutorial which must be made available on the Internet website maintained by the Department that includes, without limitation, the information contained in the pamphlet developed pursuant to subsection 1, if such a pamphlet is developed by the Department.

NRS 388.1342. Establishment of programs of training by Department; completion of program by members of State Board of Education and governing bodies; completion of certain programs by school district and school personnel; annual review and update of programs of training.

1. The Department, in consultation with persons who possess knowledge and expertise in discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber- bullying, shall establish a program of training:

(a) On methods to prevent, identify and report incidents of discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying for members of the State Board.

(b) On methods to prevent, identify and report incidents of discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying for the members of a governing body.

(c) For school district and school personnel to assist those persons with carrying out their powers and duties pursuant to NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive, and sections 4, 5 and 6.

(d) For school district and school personnel in the prevention of violence and suicide, including, without limitation, violence and suicide associated with discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying, and appropriate methods to respond to incidents of violence or suicide. Such training must include, without limitation, instruction concerning the identification of:

(1) Appropriate mental health services at the school and in the community in which the school is located and how and when to refer pupils and their families for such services; and

(2) Other persons and organizations in the community in which the school is located, including, without limitation, religious and other nonprofit organizations, that may be able to assist with the response to a suicide.

(e) For school district and school personnel concerning the needs of persons with diverse gender identities or expressions.

(f) For school district and school personnel concerning the needs of pupils with disabilities and pupils with autism spectrum disorder.

2. Each member of the State Board shall, within 1 year after the member is elected or appointed to the State Board, complete the program of training on discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying established pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 1 and undergo the training at least one additional time while the person is a member of the State Board.

3. Except as otherwise provided in NRS 388.134, each member of a governing body shall, within 1 year after the member begins his or her service on the governing body, complete the program of training on discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying established pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 1 and undergo the training at least one additional time while the person is a member of the governing body.

4. Each administrator of a school shall complete the program of training established pursuant to paragraphs (d), (e) and (f) of subsection 1:

(a) Within 90 days after becoming an administrator;

(b) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (c), at least once every 3 years thereafter; and

(c) At least once during any school year within which the program of training is revised or updated.

5. Each program of training established pursuant to subsection 1 must, to the extent money is available, be made available on the Internet website maintained by the Department or through another provider on the Internet.

6. The governing body may allow school personnel to attend the program established pursuant to paragraph (c), (d), (e) or (f) of subsection 1 during regular school hours.

7. The Department shall review each program of training established pursuant to subsection 1 on an annual basis to ensure that the program contains current information.

NRS 388.1343. Establishment by administrator of each school; duties of administrator.

The administrator of each school or his or her designee shall:

1. Establish a school safety team to develop, foster and maintain a school environment which is free from discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying;

2. Conduct investigations of violations of NRS 388.135 occurring at the school; and

3. Collaborate with the governing body and the school safety team to prevent, identify and address reported violations of NRS 388.135 at the school.

NRS 388.1344. Membership; chair; duties.

3. The school safety team shall:

(a) Meet at least two times each year;

(b) Identify and address patterns of discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying;

(c) Review and strengthen school policies to prevent and address discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying;

(d) Provide information to school personnel, pupils enrolled in the school and parents and legal guardians of pupils enrolled in the school on methods to address bullying and cyber-bullying; 

(e) To the extent practicable, work with members of the community with expertise in cultural competency; and

(f) To the extent money is available, participate in any training conducted by the school district or school regarding bullying and cyber-bullying.

4. To the extent practicable, the school safety team must consist of members who are representative of the demographic groups identified in subsection 1 of section 4 of this act.

NRS 388.135. Bullying and cyber-bullying prohibited.

A member of a governing body, any employee of a governing body, including, without limitation, an administrator, teacher or other staff member, a member of a club or organization which uses the facilities of any school, regardless of whether the club or organization has any connection to the school, or any pupil shall not engage in discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying on the premises of any school, at an activity sponsored by a school or on any school bus.

NRS 388.1351. Staff member required to report violation to administrator; required actions and investigation; notification to parent or guardian; written report of findings and conclusions of investigation; follow-up with victim; list of resources to be provided to parent or guardian; appeal of disciplinary action; reassignment of pupil who is victim of bullying or cyber-bullying; reports.

1. Except as otherwise provided in NRS 388.13535, a teacher, administrator, coach or other staff member who witnesses a violation of NRS 388.135 or receives information that a violation of NRS 388.135 has occurred shall report the violation to the administrator or his or her designee as soon as practicable, but not later than a time during the same day on which the teacher, administrator, coach or other staff member witnessed the violation or received information regarding the occurrence of a violation.

2. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, upon receiving a report required by subsection 1, the administrator or designee shall immediately take any necessary action to stop the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying and ensure the safety and well-being of the reported victim or victims of the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying and shall begin an investigation into the report. If the administrator or designee does not have access to the reported victim of the alleged violation of NRS 388.135, the administrator or designee may wait until the next school day when he or she has such access to take the action required by this subsection.

3. The investigation conducted pursuant to subsection 2 must include, without limitation:

(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, notification provided by telephone, electronic mail or other electronic means or provided in person, of the parents or guardians of all pupils directly involved in the reported discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying, as applicable, either as a reported aggressor or a reported victim of the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying. The notification must be provided:

(1) If the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying is reported before the end of school hours on a school day, before the school's administrative office closes on the day on which the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying is reported; or

(2) If the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying was reported on a day that is not a school day, or after school hours on a school day, before the school's administrative office closes on the school day following the day on which the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying is reported.

(b) Interviews with all pupils whose parents or guardians must be notified pursuant to paragraph (a) and with all such parents and guardians.

4. If the contact information for the parent or guardian of a pupil in the records of the school is not correct, a good faith effort to notify the parent or guardian shall be deemed sufficient to meet the requirement for notification pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 3.

5. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, an investigation required by this section must be completed not later than 2 school days after the administrator or designee receives a report required by subsection 1. If extenuating circumstances prevent the administrator or designee from completing the investigation required by this section within 2 school days after making a good faith effort, 1 additional school day may be used to complete the investigation. The time for completing an investigation into a report of cyber-bullying may also be extended to not more than 5 school days after the report is received with the consent of each reported victim of the cyber-bullying or, if a reported victim is under 18 years of age and is not emancipated, the parent or guardian of the reported victim.

6. An administrator or designee who conducts an investigation required by this section shall complete a written report of the findings and conclusions of the investigation. If a violation is found to have occurred:

(a) The report must include recommendations concerning the imposition of disciplinary action or other measures to be imposed as a result of the violation, in accordance with the policy governing disciplinary action adopted by the governing body. Subject to the provisions of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, 20 U.S.C. § 1232g, and any regulations adopted pursuant thereto, the report must be made available, not later than 24 hours after the completion of the written report, to all parents or guardians who must be notified pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 3 as part of the investigation; and

(b) Any action taken after the completion of the investigation to address the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying must be based on restorative disciplinary practices and carried out in a manner that causes the least possible disruption for the victim or victims. When necessary, the administrator or his or her designee shall give priority to ensuring the safety and well-being of the victim or victims over any interest of the perpetrator or perpetrators when determining the actions to take.

7. If a violation is found not to have occurred, information concerning the incident must not be included in the record of the reported aggressor.

8. Not later than 10 school days after receiving a report required by subsection 1, the administrator or designee shall meet with each reported victim of the discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying to inquire about the well-being of the reported victim and to ensure that the reported discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying, as applicable, is not continuing.

9. To the extent that information is available, the administrator or his or her designee shall provide a list of any resources that may be available in the community to assist a pupil to each parent or guardian of a pupil to whom notice was provided pursuant to this section as soon as practicable. Such a list may include, without limitation, resources available at no charge or at a reduced cost and may be provided in person or by electronic or regular mail. If such a list is provided, the administrator, his or her designee, or any employee of the school or the school district is not responsible for providing such resources to the pupil or ensuring the pupil receives such resources.

10. The parent or guardian of a pupil involved in the reported violation of NRS 388.135 may appeal a disciplinary decision of the administrator or his or her designee, made against the pupil as a result of the violation, in accordance with the policy governing disciplinary action adopted by the governing body. Not later than 30 days after receiving a response provided in accordance with such a policy, the parent or guardian may submit a complaint to the Department. The Department shall consider and respond to the complaint pursuant to procedures and standards prescribed in regulations adopted by the Department.

11. If a violation of NRS 388.135 is found to have occurred, the parent or guardian of a pupil who is a victim of discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying may request that the board of trustees of the school district in which the pupil is enrolled to assign the pupil to a different school in the school district. Upon receiving such a request, the board of trustees shall, in consultation with the parent or guardian of the pupil, assign the pupil to a different school.

12. A principal or his or her designee shall submit a monthly report to the direct supervisor of the principal that includes for the school the number of:

(a) Reports received pursuant to subsection 1 concerning incidents of bullying or cyber-bullying;

(b) Reports received pursuant to subsection 1 concerning incidents of discrimination based on race;

(c) Times in which a violation of NRS 388.135 is found to have occurred; and

(d) Times in which no violation of NRS 388.135 is found to have occurred.

13. A direct supervisor who receives a monthly report pursuant to subsection 12 shall, each calendar quarter, submit a report to the Office for a Safe and Respectful Learning Environment that includes, for the schools for which the direct supervisor has received a monthly report in the calendar quarter and categorized by types of incidents and the demographics identified in subsection 1 of section 4 of this act, the:

(a) Total number of reports received pursuant to subsection 1 concerning bullying or cyber-bullying;

(b) Total number of reports received pursuant to subsection 1 concerning incidents of discrimination based on race;

(c) Number of times in which a violation of NRS 388.135 is found to have occurred; and

(d) Number of times in which no violation of NRS 388.135 is found to have occurred.

14. The Office for a Safe and Respectful Learning Environment, in consultation with the direct supervisor of a principal, shall, after reviewing a report submitted pursuant to subsection 12 or 13, as applicable, make any recommendations based on identified trends and patterns the Office determines to be appropriate regarding interventions or training to address discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying at the school.

15. School hours and school days are determined for the purposes of this section by the schedule established by the governing body for the school.

16. The provisions of this section must not be construed to place any limit on the time within which an investigation concerning any alleged act that constitutes sexual assault must be completed.

NRS 388.1352. Establishment of policy by governing body for employees to report violations to law enforcement.

A governing body, in conjunction with the school police officers of the school district, if any, and the local law enforcement agencies that have jurisdiction over the school district or school, shall establish a policy for the procedures which must be followed by an employee of the school district or school when reporting a violation of NRS 388.135 to a school police officer or local law enforcement agency.

NRS 388.13535. Deferral of required investigation of bullying or cyber-bullying; actions by administrator or designee if investigation is deferred; exemption from certain requirements if violation committed by certain pupils.

1. If a law enforcement agency is investigating a potential crime involving an alleged violation of NRS 388.135, the administrator or his or her designee may, after providing the notification required by paragraph (a) of subsection 3 of NRS 388.1351, defer the investigation required by that section until the completion of the criminal investigation by the law enforcement agency. If the administrator or his or her designee defers an investigation pursuant to this subsection, the administrator or designee shall:

(a) Immediately develop and carry out a plan to protect the safety of each pupil directly involved in the alleged violation of NRS 388.135; and

(b) To the extent that the law enforcement agency has provided the administrator or designee with information about the projected date for completion of its investigation, provide the parents or guardians of each pupil directly involved in the alleged violation of NRS 388.135 with that information.

2. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the deferral authorized by subsection 1 does not affect the obligations of the administrator or designee pursuant to NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive, and sections 4, 5 and 6 of this act.

3. Any plan developed pursuant to subsection 1 must be carried out in a manner that causes the least possible disruption for the reported victim or victims of discrimination based on race, bullying or cyber-bullying. When necessary, the administrator or his or her designee shall give priority to protecting the reported victim or victims over any interest of the reported perpetrator or perpetrators when determining how to carry out the plan.

4. If the administrator or designee determines that a violation of NRS 388.135 was caused by the disability of the pupil who committed the violation:

(a) The provisions of NRS 388.1351 do not apply to the same or similar behavior if the behavior is addressed in the pupil's individualized education program; and

(b) The administrator or designee shall take any measures necessary to protect the safety of the victim of the violation.

5. The provisions of NRS 388.1351 do not apply to a violation of NRS 388.135 committed by:

(a) A pupil who is enrolled in prekindergarten if the behavior is addressed through measures intended to modify the behavior of the pupil.

(b) An employee of a school or school district against another employee of a school or school district.

(c) An adult who is not a pupil or employee of a school or school district against another such adult.

NRS 388.136. School officials prohibited from interfering with disclosure of violations.

1. A school official shall not directly or indirectly interfere with or prevent the disclosure of information concerning a violation of NRS 388.135.

2. As used in this section, "school official" means:

(a) A member of a governing body; or

(b) A licensed or unlicensed employee of a school district or school.

NRS 388.137. Immunity for reporting of violations; exceptions; recommendation for disciplinary action if person who made report acted with malice, intentional misconduct, gross negligence or violation of law.

1. No cause of action may be brought against a pupil or an employee or volunteer of a school who reports a violation of NRS 388.135 unless the person who made the report acted with malice, intentional misconduct, gross negligence, or intentional or knowing violation of the law.

2. If an administrator determines that a report of a violation of NRS 388.135 is false and that the person who made the report acted with malice, intentional misconduct, gross negligence, or intentional or knowing violation of the law, the administrator may recommend the imposition of disciplinary action or other measures against the person in accordance with the policy governing disciplinary action adopted by the governing body.

NRS 388.139. Text of certain provisions required to be included in rules of behavior.

Each school district shall include the text of the provisions of NRS 388.121 to 388.1395, inclusive, and sections 4, 5 and 6 of this act and the policies adopted by the board of trustees of the school district pursuant to NRS 388.134 under the heading "Discrimination Based on Race, Bullying and Cyber-Bullying Is Prohibited in Public Schools," within each copy of the rules of behavior for pupils that the school district provides to pupils pursuant to NRS 392.463.

NRS 388.1395. Requirements for delivery of information during annual "Week of Respect.".

The governing body of each school shall determine the most effective manner for the delivery of information to the pupils of the school during the "Week of Respect" proclaimed by the Governor each year pursuant to NRS 236.073. The information delivered during the "Week of Respect" must focus on:

1. Methods to prevent, identify and report incidents of discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying;

2. Methods to improve the school environment in a manner that will facilitate positive human relations among pupils; and

3. Methods to facilitate positive human relations among pupils by eliminating the use of discrimination based on race, bullying and cyber-bullying.

NRS 389.520. Establishment of standards; periodic review of standards; adoption of standards by State Board; establishment of policy for ethical, safe and secure use of computers.

2. The standards for computer education and technology must include a policy for the ethical, safe and secure use of computers and other electronic devices. The policy must include, without limitation:

(a) The ethical use of computers and other electronic devices, including, without limitation:

(1) Rules of conduct for the acceptable use of the Internet and other electronic devices; and

(2) Methods to ensure the prevention of:

(I) Cyber-bullying;

(II) Plagiarism; and

(III) The theft of information or data in an electronic form;

(b) The safe use of computers and other electronic devices, including, without limitation, methods to:

(1) Avoid cyber-bullying and other unwanted electronic communication, including, without limitation, communication with on-line predators;

(2) Recognize when an on-line electronic communication is dangerous or potentially dangerous; and

(3) Report a dangerous or potentially dangerous on-line electronic communication to the appropriate school personnel;

9. As used in this section:

(b) "Cyber-bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.123.

NRS 392.915. Threatening to cause bodily harm or death to pupil or school employee by means of oral, written or electronic communication; penalties.

1. A person shall not, through the use of any means of oral, written or electronic communication, including, without limitation, through the use of cyber-bullying, knowingly threaten to cause bodily harm or death to a pupil or employee of a school district or charter school with the intent to:

(a) Intimidate, harass, frighten, alarm or distress a pupil or employee of a school district or charter school;

(b) Cause panic or civil unrest; or

(c) Interfere with the operation of a public school, including, without limitation, a charter school.

2. Unless a greater penalty is provided by specific statute, a person who violates the provisions of subsection 1 is guilty of:

(a) A misdemeanor, unless the provisions of paragraph (b) apply to the circumstances.

(b) A gross misdemeanor, if the threat causes:

(1) Any pupil or employee of a school district or charter school who is the subject of the threat to be intimidated, harassed, frightened, alarmed or distressed;

(2) Panic or civil unrest; or

(3) Interference with the operation of a public school, including, without limitation, a charter school.

3. As used in this section:

(a) "Cyber-bullying" has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.123.

(b) "Oral, written or electronic communication" includes, without limitation, any of the following:

(1) A letter, note or any other type of written correspondence.

(2) An item of mail or a package delivered by any person or postal or delivery service.

(3) A telegraph or wire service, or any other similar means of communication.

(4) A telephone, cellular phone, satellite phone, page or facsimile machine, or any other similar means of communication.

(5) A radio, television, cable, closed-circuit, wire, wireless, satellite or other audio or video broadcast or transmission, or any other similar means of communication.

(6) An audio or video recording or reproduction, or any other similar means of communication.

(7) An item of electronic mail, a modem or computer network, or the Internet, or any other similar means of communication.

REGULATIONS

NAC 388.890. Reporting of information regarding bullying or cyber-bullying by pupils; actions of principal or designee when ensuring safety and well-being of reported victim.

1. A pupil who is a victim of bullying or cyber-bullying in violation of NRS 388.135, witnesses a violation of NRS 388.135 or receives information that a violation of NRS 388.135 has occurred may report the violation:

(a) To any employee or volunteer in the public school or school district in which the pupil is enrolled, including, without limitation, a teacher, counselor, coach or administrator;

(b) Through the 24-hour, toll-free statewide hotline or Internet website maintained by the Office for a Safe and Respectful Learning Environment pursuant to NRS 388.1323; or

(c) Through a hotline or Internet website maintained by the school district in which the pupil is enrolled, if the school district maintains such a hotline or website.

2. When ensuring the safety and well-being of a reported victim of bullying or cyber-bullying as required by NRS 388.1351, the principal or his or her designee:

(a) Shall not take any action that may cause harm to the reported victim, including, without limitation, requiring the reported victim to change classrooms or isolating the reported victim from his or her peers.

(b) Shall, to the extent practicable, talk privately and discreetly about the violation with the reported victim, without bringing undue attention to the reported victim.

NAC 388.900. Requirements of investigation of report; documentation of interviews conducted as part of investigation.

1. Each investigation of a report of bullying or cyber-bullying conducted pursuant to NRS 388.1351 must be conducted thoroughly and impartially in a manner that does not retraumatize or further traumatize the reported victim and must include, without limitation, an interview with:

(a) Each person involved in the reported bullying or cyber-bullying, including, without limitation, the reported aggressor, the reported victim and any relevant witnesses.

(b) The parent or guardian of the reported aggressor and the reported victim.

To the extent practicable, the identities of the persons interviewed and the content of the interviews must remain confidential.

2. Each principal or his or her designee who conducts an investigation pursuant to this section and NRS 388.1351 shall document the date, time, subject and content of each interview conducted and maintain such documentation in a manner that is consistent with the policy governing maintenance of disciplinary records for the school district in which the school is located.

3. Each principal or his or her designee who conducts an investigation must complete the investigation within the time prescribed by NRS 388.1351.

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U.S. Department of Education

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