Maine

To view this state’s school discipline laws and regulations, scroll to a subcategory of interest and select “Laws and Regulations.”

Regulation Set
Major Category
General Provisions
Sub Category
Authority to develop and establish rules of conduct
Statute

LAWS

§254. Educational duties.

The commissioner shall have the following educational duties.

11. Statewide standards for behavior. In consultation with organizations representing school boards, school administrators, teachers, parents and other interested local officials and community members, the commissioner shall develop statewide standards for responsible and ethical student behavior. The standards must require annual reporting of incidents of violent and harmful behavior by or against students to the department by school administrative units. The department shall provide forms for reporting.

§263. Response to school bomb threats.

1. Prototype guidelines, policies and protocols. The commissioner, in consultation with state and local emergency services officials and representatives of school personnel and school board members, shall develop prototypical guidelines, policies and protocols for school administrative units to present to their communities when those communities are considering implementing local policies that concern prevention of and response to school bomb threats. The prototypical guidelines, policies and protocols developed by the commissioner must be made available to all schools in the State no later than December 31, 2001.

§1001. Duties of school boards

15. Adoption of student code of conduct. With input from educators, administrators, parents, students and community members, they shall adopt a district-wide student code of conduct consistent with the statewide standards for student behavior developed under section 254, subsection 11. The student code of conduct must:

A. Define unacceptable student behavior;

B. Establish standards of student responsibility for behavior;

C. Prescribe consequences for violation of the student code of conduct, including first-time violations, when appropriate;

D. Describe appropriate procedures for referring students in need of special services to those services;

E. Establish criteria to determine when further assessment of a current individual education plan is necessary, based on removal of the student from class;

F. Establish policies and procedures concerning the removal of disruptive or violent students or students threatening death or bodily harm to others from a classroom or a school bus, as well as student disciplinary and placement decisions, when appropriate;

G. Establish guidelines and criteria concerning the appropriate circumstances when the superintendent or the superintendent's designee may provide information to the local police or other appropriate law enforcement authorities regarding an offense that involves violence committed by any person on school grounds or other school property; and

H. Establish policies and procedures to address bullying, harassment and sexual harassment as set forth in section 6554.

18. Bomb threat information in student handbooks. Beginning with the 2002-2003 school year, each school board shall include in its student handbook a section that addresses in detail the school's bomb threat policies and protocols. The section of the handbook must contain an explanation of the portions of the policies and protocols relevant to students and their families and explain to the students the educational and legal consequences of making a bomb threat to a school.

REGULATIONS

05-071 CMR 33.4. Local policy; Notice to parents.

1. Local Policy Required. All covered entities shall have local policies, consistent with this rule, regarding the use of physical restraint and seclusion. Covered entities must also have a procedure available by which parents may submit a complaint regarding the use of physical restraint or seclusion on their child, based upon which the covered entity shall investigate the circumstances surrounding the incident complained of, make written findings and, where appropriate, determine to take corrective action. Covered entities shall revise existing policies or develop policies consistent with this rule within 90 calendar days of the effective date of this rule.

Sub Category
Scope
Statute

LAWS

§5401. Transportation.

12. Safety. Transportation provided shall conserve the comfort, safety and welfare of the students conveyed. A responsible driver shall be in charge of the vehicle and shall have control over the conduct of the students while they are transported.

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools.

2. Definitions. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.

E. "School grounds" means a school building; property on which a school building or facility is located; and property that is owned, leased or used by a school for a school-sponsored activity, function, program, instruction or training. "School grounds" also includes school-related transportation vehicles

4. Scope. This section applies to bullying that:

A. Takes place at school or on school grounds, at any school-sponsored or school-related activity or event or while students are being transported to or from school or school-sponsored activities or events; or

B. Takes place elsewhere or through the use of technology, but only if the bullying also infringes on the rights of the student at school as set forth in subsection 2, paragraph B.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Communication of policy
Statute

LAWS

§ 255. School administrative unit; reports, records, information.

5. INFORMATION. The commissioner shall:

A. Obtain information on school systems in this State and other states and other countries and the condition and progress of public education throughout the world;

B. Disseminate this information, with practical hints upon the conduct of schools, improved systems of instruction and the true theory of education by public addresses, circulars and articles prepared for the press;

C. Disseminate this information by outlines, suggestions and directions concerning the management, discipline and methods employed in teaching to teachers and school officers of the State;

§1001. Duties of school boards.

15. Adoption of student code of conduct. [...] The school board is responsible for ensuring that school officials inform students, parents and community members of the student code of conduct.

15-A. School disciplinary policies. [...] The school board shall ensure that administrators inform students, parents and school personnel of the districtwide school disciplinary policies.

18. Bomb threat information in student handbooks. Beginning with the 2002-2003 school year, each school board shall include in its student handbook a section that addresses in detail the school's bomb threat policies and protocols. The section of the handbook must contain an explanation of the portions of the policies and protocols relevant to students and their families and explain to the students the educational and legal consequences of making a bomb threat to a school.

§6553. Prohibition of hazing.

5. Dissemination. The school board shall clearly set forth the policy and penalties adopted and shall distribute copies of them to all students enrolled in the public school.

§6554. Prohibition of bullying in public schools.

6. Dissemination of policy. Each school board shall annually provide the written policies and procedures adopted pursuant to subsection 5 to students, parents, volunteers, administrators, teachers and school staff. The policies and procedures must be posted on the school administrative unit's publicly accessible website. Each school board shall include in its student handbook a section that addresses in detail the policies and procedures adopted pursuant to subsection 5.

REGULATIONS

05-071 CMR 33.4. Local policy; Notice to parents.

1. Local Policy Required. All covered entities shall have local policies, consistent with this rule, regarding the use of physical restraint and seclusion. Covered entities must also have a procedure available by which parents may submit a complaint regarding the use of physical restraint or seclusion on their child, based upon which the covered entity shall investigate the circumstances surrounding the incident complained of, make written findings and, where appropriate, determine to take corrective action. Covered entities shall revise existing policies or develop policies consistent with this rule within 90 calendar days of the effective date of this rule.

2. Annual notification of rule and local policies. Annually, each covered entity shall provide overview and awareness information to all staff, including contracted providers, regarding the content of this rule and any local policies or procedures related to the use of physical restraint and seclusion. Each covered entity shall provide an annual notice informing parents of students enrolled at the covered entity of this rule and any local policies or procedures related to the use of physical restraint and seclusion, including the local complaint process.

Major Category
In-School Discipline
Sub Category
Use of multi-tiered discipline approaches
Statute

LAWS

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools.

5. Adoption of Policy. When revising the policies and procedures it has established to address bullying pursuant to section 1001, section 15, paragraph H, a school board shall ensure that its policies and procedures are consistent with the model policy developed or revised by the commissioner pursuant to section 254, subsection 11-A. The policies and procedures must include, but are not limited to:

G. A clear statement that any person who engages in bullying, who is determined to have knowingly and falsely accused another of bullying or who engages in acts of retaliation against a person who reports a suspected incident of bullying is subject to disciplinary actions, which actions may include but are not limited to imposing a series of graduated consequences that include alternative discipline;

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Teacher authority to remove students from classrooms
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Alternatives to suspension
Statute

LAWS

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools.

2. Definitions. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.

A. "Alternative discipline" means disciplinary action other than suspension or expulsion from school that is designed to correct and address the root causes of a student's specific misbehavior while retaining the student in class or school, or restorative school practices to repair the harm done to relationships and persons from the student's misbehavior. "Alternative discipline" includes, but is not limited to:

(1) Meeting with the student and the student's parents;

(2) Reflective activities, such as requiring the student to write an essay about the student's misbehavior;

(3) Mediation when there is mutual conflict between peers, rather than one-way negative behavior, and when both parties freely choose to meet;

(4) Counseling;

(5) Anger management;

(6) Health counseling or intervention;

(7) Mental health counseling;

(8) Participation in skills building and resolution activities, such as social-emotional cognitive skills building, resolution circles and restorative conferencing;

(9) Community service; and

(10) In-school detention or suspension, which may take place during lunchtime, after school or on weekends.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Use of corporal punishment
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Use of student and locker searches
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Other in-school disciplinary approaches
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Major Category
Out-of-School and Exclusionary Discipline: Suspension,Expulsion, Restraint and Seclusion, and Alternative Placements
Sub Category
Grounds for possible suspension or expulsion
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Grounds for mandatory suspension or expulsion
Statute

LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

9. Students expelled or suspended. Following a proper investigation of a student's behavior and due process proceedings pursuant to subsection 8-A, if found necessary for the peace and usefulness of the school, a school board shall expel any student:

A. Who is deliberately disobedient or deliberately disorderly;

B. For infractions of violence;

C. Who possesses on school property a firearm as defined in Title 17-A, section 2, subsection 12-A or a dangerous weapon as defined in Title 17-A, section 2, subsection 9 without permission of a school official;

D. Who, with use of any other dangerous weapon as defined in Title 17-A, section 2, subsection 9, paragraph A, intentionally or knowingly causes injury or accompanies use of a weapon with a threat to cause injury; or

E. Who possesses, furnishes or trafficks in any scheduled drug as defined in Title 17-A, chapter 45.

9-A. Students expelled or suspended under the requirements of the federal Gun-Free Schools Act. The school boards shall adopt a policy for expelling a student who is determined to have brought a firearm, as defined in 18 United States Code, Section 921, to school or to have possessed a firearm at school and for referring the matter to the appropriate local law enforcement agency.

A. A student who is determined to have brought a firearm to school or to have possessed a firearm at school under this subsection must be expelled from school for a period of not less than one year, except that the school board may authorize the superintendent to modify the requirement for expulsion of a student on a case-by-case basis. A decision to change the placement of a student with a disability must be made in accordance with the federal Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, 20 United States Code, Section 1400 et seq.

C. In accordance with the proper investigation and due process provisions required in subsection 9, a principal may suspend immediately for good cause a student who is determined to have brought a firearm to school or to have possessed a firearm at school under this subsection.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Limitations, conditions, or exclusions for use of suspension and expulsion
Statute

LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

9. Students expelled or suspended. [...] The school board may authorize the principal to suspend students up to a maximum of 10 days for infractions of school rules. [...]

9-B. Disciplinary sanctions for children with disabilities. They retain the authority to sanction a child with a disability as defined in section 7001, subsection 1-A for misconduct that violates school rules. Notwithstanding the duties of school administrative units as described in section 7202, the school board may authorize the superintendent, principal or assistant principal to enforce this subsection by allowing the superintendent, principal or assistant principal to suspend a child with a disability up to a maximum of 10 days individually or cumulatively for infractions of school rules. When a child with a disability is suspended for 10 days or less individually or cumulatively within a school year for a violation of school rules, the school board is not required to provide a tutor, transportation or any other aspect of the student's special education program. Discipline of children with disabilities must be consistent with the requirements of the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 United States Code, Section 1415(k).

9-C. Reentry for students after expulsion. Upon making a decision to expel a student in accordance with procedures set forth in subsections 8-A and 9, a school board may exercise one of the following options in expelling a student:

A. The school board may expel the student for a specific period of time not to exceed the total number of instructional days approved by the school board for the current school year; or

B. The school board may expel the student for an unspecified period of time and authorize the superintendent to provide the expelled student with a reentry plan that specifies the conditions that must be met in order for the student to be readmitted to school after the expulsion. If a school board authorizes the superintendent to provide the expelled student with a reentry plan, the school board shall ensure that the student who has been expelled is provided with a reentry plan in accordance with this paragraph.

(1) The reentry plan must be developed by the superintendent or the superintendent's designee in consultation with the student and the student's parents to provide guidance that helps the student understand what the student must do to establish satisfactory evidence that the behavior that resulted in the expulsion will not likely recur.

(2) The superintendent or the superintendent's designee shall send a certified letter, return receipt requested, or hand deliver a letter to the parents of the expelled student giving notice of the date, time and location of a meeting to develop a reentry plan for the student.

(3) If the student and the student's parents do not attend the meeting under subparagraph (2), the reentry plan must be developed by school staff.

(4) The reentry plan must be provided to the parents and the student in writing.

(5) The superintendent shall designate a school employee to review the student's progress with the reentry plan at intervals of one month, 3 months and 6 months after the meeting and at other times as determined necessary by the designated school employee.

(6) The reentry plan may require the student to take reasonable measures determined by the superintendent to be helpful to establish the student's readiness to return to school. Professional services determined to be necessary by the superintendent must be provided at the expense of the student and the student's parents.

(7) The superintendent may, as appropriate, notify an individualized education program team for a child with a disability who has been expelled by a school board.

(8) The superintendent shall annually report data on the number of students who are expelled from school and the number of students who are readmitted to school after expulsion to the commissioner's consultant on truancy, dropouts and alternative education under section 5151.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Administrative procedures related to suspension and expulsion
Statute

LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

8-A. Due process standards for expulsion proceedings. Following a proper investigation of a student's behavior, a school board that intends to consider expulsion shall ensure proceedings include the following due process provisions.

A. Before a hearing on the expulsion, the superintendent shall:

(1) Provide written notice to the parents and the student of:

(a) The date, time and location of the hearing;

(b) A description of the incident or incidents that occasioned the expulsion hearing;

(c) The student's and parents' right to review the school records prior to the hearing;

(d) A description of the hearing process; and

(e) An explanation of the consequences of an expulsion; and

(2) Invite the parents and student to a meeting prior to the expulsion hearing to discuss the procedures of the hearing.

B. At a hearing on the expulsion:

(1) The student has the right to present and cross-examine witnesses;

(2) The student has the right to an attorney or other representation; and

(3) Witnesses must be sworn in and the chair of the hearing has the authority to swear in witnesses.

C. After a hearing on the expulsion, the school board shall provide written notice of its decision to the parents and the student by certified mail. The notice of the school board's written decision may include a reentry plan developed in accordance with subsection 9-C.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
In-school suspension
Statute

LAWS

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools.

2. Definitions. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.

A. "Alternative discipline" means disciplinary action other than suspension or expulsion from school that is designed to correct and address the root causes of a student's specific misbehavior while retaining the student in class or school, or restorative school practices to repair the harm done to relationships and persons from the student's misbehavior. "Alternative discipline" includes, but is not limited to:

(1) Meeting with the student and the student's parents;

(2) Reflective activities, such as requiring the student to write an essay about the student's misbehavior;

(3) Mediation when there is mutual conflict between peers, rather than one-way negative behavior, and when both parties freely choose to meet;

(4) Counseling;

(5) Anger management;

(6) Health counseling or intervention;

(7) Mental health counseling;

(8) Participation in skills building and resolution activities, such as social-emotional cognitive skills building, resolution circles and restorative conferencing;

(9) Community service; and

(10) In-school detention or suspension, which may take place during lunchtime, after school or on weekends.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Return to school following removal
Statute

LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

9-C. Reentry for students after expulsion. Upon making a decision to expel a student in accordance with procedures set forth in subsections 8-A and 9, a school board may exercise one of the following options in expelling a student:

A. The school board may expel the student for a specific period of time not to exceed the total number of instructional days approved by the school board for the current school year; or

B. The school board may expel the student for an unspecified period of time and authorize the superintendent to provide the expelled student with a reentry plan that specifies the conditions that must be met in order for the student to be readmitted to school after the expulsion. If a school board authorizes the superintendent to provide the expelled student with a reentry plan, the school board shall ensure that the student who has been expelled is provided with a reentry plan in accordance with this paragraph.

(1) The reentry plan must be developed by the superintendent or the superintendent's designee in consultation with the student and the student's parents to provide guidance that helps the student understand what the student must do to establish satisfactory evidence that the behavior that resulted in the expulsion will not likely recur.

(2) The superintendent or the superintendent's designee shall send a certified letter, return receipt requested, or hand deliver a letter to the parents of the expelled student giving notice of the date, time and location of a meeting to develop a reentry plan for the student.

(3) If the student and the student's parents do not attend the meeting under subparagraph (2), the reentry plan must be developed by school staff.

(4) The reentry plan must be provided to the parents and the student in writing.

(5) The superintendent shall designate a school employee to review the student's progress with the reentry plan at intervals of one month, 3 months and 6 months after the meeting and at other times as determined necessary by the designated school employee.

(6) The reentry plan may require the student to take reasonable measures determined by the superintendent to be helpful to establish the student's readiness to return to school. Professional services determined to be necessary by the superintendent must be provided at the expense of the student and the student's parents.

(7) The superintendent may, as appropriate, notify an individualized education program team for a child with a disability who has been expelled by a school board.

(8) The superintendent shall annually report data on the number of students who are expelled from school and the number of students who are readmitted to school after expulsion to the commissioner's consultant on truancy, dropouts and alternative education under section 5151.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Use of restraint and seclusion
Statute

LAWS

§4502. School approval requirements.

5. Other requirements. The state board and the commissioner shall jointly adopt basic school approval rules governing school administrative units and elementary and secondary schools. These rules must set minimum requirements in the following areas, incorporating such requirements as are established by statute:

M. The use of time-out areas, administered in accordance with requirements adopted by the department and with this paragraph. The use of a time-out area is subject to the following:

(1) The time-out area must be well ventilated and sufficiently lighted. The time-out area may not be locked; and

(2) The time-out area must be designed to ensure the safety of the student so that the student is supervised by a professional staff member in the room or can be observed from outside of the time-out area and can be heard by a person supervising the time-out area;

O. Preparation of a written local policy and implementation of training for all guidance counselors and school personnel who administer reintegration planning pursuant to section 254, subsection 12, who participate in a reintegration team and who have access to confidential criminal justice information regarding juveniles pursuant to section 1055, subsection 12; and

REGULATIONS

05-071 CMR 33.1. Policy and purpose.

This rule establishes standards for the use of physical restraint and seclusion to provide for the safety of all individuals. Physical restraint and seclusion may only be used as an emergency intervention when the behavior of a student presents a risk of injury or harm to the student or others.

05-071 CMR 33.2. Definitions.

1. Aversive procedure means the use of a substance or stimulus, intended to modify behavior, which the person administering it knows or should know is likely to cause physical and/or emotional trauma to a student, even when the substance or stimulus appears to be pleasant or neutral to others. Such substances and stimuli include but are not limited to: infliction of bodily pain, (e.g. hitting, pinching, slapping), water spray, noxious fumes, extreme physical exercise, costumes, or signs.

2. Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) is a comprehensive plan for managing problem behavior by changing or removing contextual factors that trigger or maintain it, and by strengthening replacement skills.

3. Chemical Restraint is the use of medication, including those administered PRN (as needed), given involuntarily to control student behavior.

4. Covered Entity means an entity that owns, operates or controls a school or educational program that receives public funds from the Maine Department of Education including, but not limited to: public schools, public regional programs, public charter schools, private schools, publicly-supported private schools, special purpose private schools, Career and Technical Education schools, public pre-kindergarten, and Child Development Services (CDS).

5. De-escalation is the use of behavior management techniques intended to cause a situation involving problem behavior of a student to become more controlled, calm and less dangerous, thus reducing the risk for injury or harm.

6. Dangerous Behavior is behavior that presents a risk of injury or harm to a student or others.

7. Emergency is a sudden, urgent occurrence, usually unexpected but sometimes anticipated, that requires immediate action.

8. Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) is a school-based process that includes the parent and, as appropriate, the child, to determine why a child engages in challenging behaviors and how the behavior relates to the child's environment. The term includes direct assessments, indirect assessments and data analysis designed to assist the team to identify and define the problem behavior in concrete terms, identify the contextual factors (including affective and cognitive factors) that contribute to the behavior, and formulate a hypothesis regarding the general conditions under which a behavior usually occurs and the probable consequences that maintain the behavior. Formal documentation of the assessment by appropriately qualified individuals becomes part of the child's educational record.

9. Risk of injury or harm describes a situation in which a student has the means to cause physical harm or injury to self or others and such injury or harm is likely to occur; such that a reasonable and prudent person would take steps to protect the student and others against the risk of such injury or harm.

10. Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is a term used under special education law to reference the written document that states goals, objectives and services for students receiving special education.

11. Individual Health Plan (IHP) is a plan of action for a student with special health care needs, actual and potential. It is an adaptation of the nursing care plans commonly used in health care institutions.

12. Mechanical Restraint is any item worn by or placed on the student to limit behavior or movement and which cannot be removed by the student.

13. Parent means a parent, as defined in Title 20-A MRSA, section 1, subsection 20, with legal custody of a minor child, except that the "parent" of a child with disabilities means a parent as defined in the federal Individual with Disabilities Education Act, 20 United States Code, Section 1401 (23).

14. Physical escort is temporary touching or holding for the purpose of inducing a student to walk to another location, including assisting the student to the student's feet in order to be escorted.

15. Physical prompt is a teaching technique that involves physical contact with the student and that enables the student to learn or model the physical movement necessary for the development of the desired competency.

16. Physical Restraint is an intervention that restricts a student's freedom of movement or normal access to his or her body, and includes physically moving a student who has not moved voluntarily. Physical restraint does not include:

A. Physical escort;

B. Physical prompt;

C. Physical contact when the purpose of the intervention is to comfort a student and the student voluntarily accepts the contact;

D. Momentarily deflecting the movement of a student when the student's movement would be destructive, harmful or dangerous to the student or to others;

E. The use of seat belts, safety belts or similar passenger restraint, when used as intended, during the transportation of a child in a motor vehicle; or

F. The use of a medically prescribed harness, when used as intended; or

G. A brief period of physical contact necessary to break up a fight.

17. Positive alternatives are a set of instructional and environmental supports to teach students pro-social alternatives to problem behaviors with high rates of positive feedback.

18 School Day is a day in which a school or program is in operation as an instructional day and/or a teacher in-service day.

19. Seclusion is the involuntary confinement of a student alone in a room or clearly defined area from which the student is physically prevented from leaving. Seclusion is not timeout.

20. Section 504 Plan refers to a written plan of modifications and accommodations under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act.

21. Serious bodily injury is any bodily injury that involves–

A. A substantial risk of death;

B. Extreme physical pain;

C. Protracted and obvious disfigurement; or

D. Protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.

22. Student is a child or adult aged 3 to 20 enrolled in a school or a program owned, operated or controlled by a covered entity as defined in this section

23. Timeout is an intervention where a student requests, or complies with an adult request for, a break, and is not covered by this rule. Timeout is not seclusion.

05-071 CMR 33.4. Local policy; Notice to parents.

1. Local Policy Required

All covered entities shall have local policies, consistent with this rule, regarding the use of physical restraint and seclusion. Covered entities must also have a procedure available by which parents may submit a complaint regarding the use of physical restraint or seclusion on their child, based upon which the covered entity shall investigate the circumstances surrounding the incident complained of, make written findings and, where appropriate, determine to take corrective action.

Covered entities shall revise existing policies or develop policies consistent with this rule within 90 calendar days of the effective date of this rule.

2. Annual notification of rule and local policies

Annually, each covered entity shall provide overview and awareness information to all staff, including contracted providers, regarding the content of this rule and any local policies or procedures related to the use of physical restraint and seclusion.

Each covered entity shall provide an annual notice informing parents of students enrolled at the covered entity of this rule and any local policies or procedures related to the use of physical restraint and seclusion, including the local complaint process.

05-071 CMR 33.5. Seclusion.

1. Permitted uses of seclusion

A. Seclusion may be used only as an emergency intervention when the behavior of a student presents a risk of injury or harm to the student or others, and only after other less intrusive interventions have failed or been deemed inappropriate.

B. Seclusion must be implemented by staff certified in a state-approved training program to the extent possible. If, due to the nature of the emergency, untrained staff have intervened and initiated a seclusion, trained personnel must be summoned to the scene and assume control of the situation as rapidly as possible.

2. Prohibited uses of seclusion

A. Seclusion may not be used for punitive purposes, staff convenience or to control challenging behavior.

B. Seclusion may not be used to prevent property destruction or disruption of the environment in the absence of a risk of injury or harm.

C. Seclusion may not be used as a therapeutic or educational intervention.

D. Seclusion may not take place in a locked room.

3. Monitoring of a student in seclusion

A. At least one adult must be physically present to continuously monitor a student in seclusion The adult, while not present in the room or defined area, must be situated so that the student is visible at all times. Students must be continuously monitored until the student no longer presents a risk of injury or harm to self or others.

B. In the event of an injury to the student or staff, the local policy for emergency response must be initiated.

4. Termination of seclusion

A. The staff involved in the use of seclusion shall continually assess for signs that the student is no longer presenting a risk of injury or harm to self or others, and the seclusion must be discontinued as soon as possible.

B. Time must be recorded consistent with the requirements of the documentation section of this rule and local policy.

C. The covered entity may request assistance from parents at any time during the incident.

D. If attempts to release from seclusion have been unsuccessful and a student is still presenting behaviors that create a risk of injury or harm to self or others, then the covered entity may request assistance from outside sources such as caregivers, case managers, crisis intervention teams, local EMS, or other community resources.

E. If seclusion continues for more than 10 minutes, an administrator or designee shall determine whether continued seclusion is warranted, and shall continue to monitor the status of the seclusion every 10 minutes until the seclusion is terminated.

5. Location of seclusion

Seclusion can be achieved in any part of a school building with adequate light, heat, ventilation and of normal room height. If a specific room is designated as a seclusion room, it must be a minimum of 60 square feet with adequate light, heat, ventilation, be of normal room height, contain an unbreakable observation window in a wall or door and be free of hazardous material and objects with which a student could self-inflict bodily injury.

05-071 CMR 33.6. Physical restraint.

1. Permitted uses of physical restraint

A. Physical restraint may be used only as an emergency intervention when the behavior of a student presents a risk of injury or harm to the student or others, and only after other less intrusive interventions have failed or been deemed inappropriate.

B. Physical restraint must be implemented by staff certified in a state-approved training program to the extent possible. If, due to the nature of the emergency, untrained staff have intervened and initiated a physical restraint and if the need for physical restraint continues, trained personnel must be summoned to the scene and must assume control of the situation as rapidly as possible.

C. Physical restraint may be used to move a student only if the need for movement outweighs the risks involved in such movement.

D. Protective equipment or devices that are part of a treatment plan as prescribed by a licensed health care provider are not prohibited by this rule.

2. Prohibited forms and uses of physical restraint

A. Physical restraint may not be used for punitive purposes, staff convenience or to control challenging behavior.

B. Physical restraint may not be used to prevent property destruction or disruption of the environment in the absence of a risk of injury or harm.

C. No physical restraint may be used that restricts the free movement of the diaphragm or chest or that restricts the airway so as to interrupt normal breathing or speech (restraint-related positional asphyxia) of a student.

D. No physical restraint may be used that relies on pain for control, including but not limited to joint hyperextension, excessive force, unsupported take-down (e.g. tackle), the use of any physical structure (e.g. wall, railing or post), punching and hitting.

E. Physical restraint may not be used as a therapeutic or educational intervention.

F. Aversive procedures and mechanical and chemical restraints may not be used under any circumstances.

G. Prescribed assistive devices are not considered mechanical restraints when used as prescribed. Their use must be supervised by qualified and trained individuals in accordance with professional standards.

H. Prescribed medications are not considered chemical restraints when administered by a health care provider consistent with a student's health care plan are permitted.

3. Monitoring of a student in physical restraint

A. At least two adults must be present at all times when physical restraint is used except when, for safety reasons, waiting for a second adult is precluded.

B. A student in physical restraint must be continuously monitored until the student no longer presents a risk of injury or harm to self or others.

C. In the event of an injury, local policy must be followed.

4. Termination of physical restraint

A. The staff involved in the use of physical restraint must continually assess for signs that the student in physical restraint is no longer presenting a risk of injury or harm to self or others, and the physical restraint must be discontinued as soon as possible.

B. Time must be recorded consistent with the requirements of the documentation section of this rule and local policy.

C. The covered entity may request assistance from parents at any time during the incident.

D. If attempts to release the student from physical restraint have been unsuccessful and the student is still presenting behaviors that create a risk of injury or harm to self or others, the covered entity may request assistance from outside sources such as caregivers, case managers, crisis intervention teams, local emergency medical services, or other community resources.

E. If physical restraint continues for more than 10 minutes, an administrator or designee shall determine whether continued physical restraint is warranted, and shall continue to monitor the status of the physical restraint every 10 minutes until the physical restraint is terminated.

5. Exclusions

Those restraints used by law enforcement officers or school resource officers employed by a police department in the course of their professional duties are not subject to this rule.

05-071 CMR 33.7. Notification of incident.

1. Reporting to an Administrator or Designee, others

After each incident of physical restraint or seclusion, a staff member involved shall:

A. Report to the administrator or designee by oral notification as soon as possible after each incident, but in no event later than the end of the school day of its occurrence, and

B. If the student is receiving his or her education in an out-of-district placement through a tuition agreement or other agreement, report the incident to the entity responsible for the student's education within 24 hours or by the end of the next business day.

2. Notification to parents

A. An administrator or designee shall notify the parent that physical restraint or seclusion and any related first aid have occurred as soon as practical but within the school day in which the incident occurred, utilizing all available phone numbers and other appropriate means. If the parent is unavailable, a phone message must be left for the parent to contact the school as soon as possible. If a parent does not have access to a phone, the entity must use whatever contact information is available for emergencies. The parent must be informed that written documentation will be provided to them within 7 calendar days.

B. If a restraint or seclusion has occurred outside the school day, notification of the restraint or seclusion and any related first aid must occur as soon as possible in compliance with the entity's procedures for emergency situations

3. Reporting of Serious Bodily Injury or Death

If serious bodily injury or death of a student occurs during the implementation of restraint or seclusion:

A. Oral notification of the incident must follow local health and safety procedures as outlined by the covered entity's policies and procedures; and

B. The administrator or designee shall notify the Department of Education within 24 hours or the next business day.

05-071 CMR 33.8. Documentation; Incident report.

1. Incident Report

Each use of physical restraint or seclusion must be documented in an incident report. The incident report must be completed and provided to an administrator or designee as soon as practical after the incident, and in all cases within two school days. At a minimum, the incident report must include:

A. Student name;

B. Age, gender, grade;

C. Location of the incident;

D. Date of incident;

E. Date of report;

F. Person completing the report;

G. Beginning and ending time of each physical restraint and seclusion;

H. Total time of incident;

I. Description of prior events and circumstances;

J. Less restrictive interventions tried prior to the use of physical restraint or seclusion. If none used, explain why;

K. The student behavior that justified the use of physical restraint or seclusion;

L. A detailed description of the physical restraint or seclusion used;

M. The staff person(s) involved, their role in the use of physical restraint or seclusion and their certification, if any, in an approved training program;

N. Description of the incident, including the resolution and process of return to program, if appropriate;

O. Whether the Student has an: a. IEP; b. 504 plan; c. behavior plan; d. IHP; or e. other plan;

P. If a student or staff sustained bodily injury, the date and time of nurse or response personnel notification and the treatment administered, if any;

Q. Date, time, and method of parent notification; and

R. Date, time of staff debriefing.

2. Incident Report Provided to Parents, others

A copy of the incident report must be provided, within 7 calendar days of the incident to:

A. The parent; and

B. If the student is receiving his or her education in an out-of-district placement through a tuition agreement or other agreement, the entity responsible for the student's education.

3. Duration of Incident

For purposes of this Section and Section 9, an "incident" consists of all actions between the time a student begins to create a risk of harm and the time the student ceases to pose a risk of harm and returns to his or her regular programming.

05-071 CMR 33.9. Response to the use of physical restraint or seclusion.

1. Debriefing

A. Following each incident of physical restraint or seclusion, the covered entity shall ensure that, within two school days, an administrator or designee reviews the incident:

(1) With all staff persons who implemented the use of physical restraint or seclusion to discuss:

(a) Whether the use of restraint or seclusion was implemented in compliance with this rule and local policies, and

(b) How to prevent or reduce the future need for physical restraint and/or seclusion; and

(2) With the student who was restrained or secluded to discuss:

(a) What triggered the student's escalation; and

(b) What the student and staff can do to reduce the future need for restraint or seclusion.

B. When physical restraint or seclusion has resulted in serious bodily injury to a student or staff member requiring emergency medical treatment, the debriefing must take place as soon as possible but no later than the next school day.

C. Following the debriefing, staff must develop and implement a written plan for response and de-escalation for the student, or, if a plan already exists, staff must review and, if appropriate, revise it.

2. Multiple Incidents of Physical Restraint and Seclusion

A. Special Education/504 Students after Third Incident. After the third incident of physical restraint or seclusion in a school year of a student who has been found eligible for special education or has a Section 504 plan, the student's IEP or 504 team shall meet within 10 school days of the third incident to discuss the incident and consider the need to conduct an FBA and/or develop a BIP or amend an existing one.

B. For all other students after Third Incident. For students not described in Paragraph A, a team shall meet within ten school days of the third incident in a school year to discuss the incidents.

(1) The team shall consist of the parent, an administrator or designee, a teacher for the student, a staff member involved in the incident (if not the teacher or administrator already invited), and other appropriate staff members.

(2) The team shall consider the appropriateness of a referral to special education and, regardless of whether a referral to special education is to be made, the need to conduct an FBA, and/or develop a BIP.

C. Nothing in this section is meant to prevent the completion of an FBA or BIP for any student who might benefit from these measures but who has had fewer than three restraints or seclusions.

3. Parent Participation

The covered entity shall make reasonable, documented efforts to encourage parent participation in the meetings required in subsection 2 of this section and to schedule them at times convenient for parents to attend.

A covered entity may not seek written permission from a parent to provide restraint and seclusion to a student.

4. Duration of Incident

For purposes of this Section, the time period described in Section 8 (3) constitutes a single incident.

05-071 CMR 33.10. Cumulative reporting.

1. Building-level reporting, analysis

A cumulative report by building must be made to the superintendent or chief administrator on a quarterly and annual basis to include:

A. Aggregate number of uses of physical restraint;

B. Aggregate number of students placed in physical restraint;

C. Aggregate number of uses of seclusion;

D. Aggregate number of students placed in seclusion;

E. Aggregate number of serious bodily injuries to students related to the use of restraint and seclusions; and

F. Aggregate number of serious bodily injuries to staff related to physical restraint and seclusion.

The superintendent or chief administrator shall review cumulative reports received as set forth in this section and identify those areas that can be addressed to reduce the future use of physical restraint and seclusion. These cumulative reports may be requested by the Department of Education at any time.

2. Reporting Data to the Department of Education

Each covered entity shall submit to the Department of Education an annual report of the incidence of physical restraint and seclusion that must include:

A. Aggregate number of uses of physical restraint;

B. Aggregate number of students placed in physical restraint;

C. Aggregate number of uses of seclusion;

D. Aggregate number of students in placed in seclusion;

E. Aggregate number of serious bodily injuries to students related to physical restraint and seclusion; and

F. Aggregate number of serious bodily injuries to staff related to physical restraint and seclusion.

05-071 CMR 33.11. Complaint process.

1. Local Complaint Process

Parent complaints related to restraint and seclusion must be submitted to the covered entity in accordance with local policy and procedure.

2. Department of Education Complaint Process

Any parent who is dissatisfied with the result of the local complaint process may file a complaint with the Department of Education, which complaint is not considered an appeal of that local process. The Department shall review the results of the local complaint process and may initiate its own investigation of the complaint, and shall issue to the complaining parent and the covered entity a written report with specific findings within 60 days of receiving the complaint. If a violation is found, the Department shall develop a corrective action plan by which the entity will achieve compliance.

05-071 CMR 33.12. Staff training; Approved programs.

The Department of Education shall maintain a directory of approved training programs on its website at http://maine.gov/education/. The list of approved training programs may include regional training programs and regional "train the trainer" model programs. These training programs must require participants to demonstrate competency to achieve certification, and must include instruction in at least the following core components:

1. The use of non-physical interventions for responding to potentially dangerous behaviors, including de-escalation and the use of positive alternatives;

2. Identification of dangerous behaviors that may indicate the need for physical restraint or seclusion and methods for evaluating the risk of harm to determine whether such interventions are warranted;

3. Instruction and simulated experience in administering safe physical restraint techniques across a range of increasingly restrictive interventions, including the safe movement of a student, and in recognizing and avoiding positions involving a high risk of restraint-related positional asphyxia (restricting a student's ability to breathe);

4. The effects of physical restraint and seclusion on a student, including monitoring physical and psychological signs of distress and when to obtain medical assistance in compliance with the covered entity's procedures for emergency interventions;

5. The risks and realities of physical restraint and seclusion; and

6. A review of the process of student and staff debriefing.

Each covered entity shall ensure that a sufficient number of administrators or designees, general and special education staff, maintain certification in an approved training program. A list of staff with the required approved training must be made available in each building office, as well as any central office, along with other school-wide emergency procedures and must be updated at least annually.

05-071 CMR 33.13: Department of education non-regulatory guidance.

The Department shall annually ensure that teachers and administrators throughout the State are provided with consistent and accurate information regarding the requirements of this rule.

Sub Category
Alternative placements
Statute

LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

9. Students expelled or suspended. [...] The school board may authorize the principal to suspend students up to a maximum of 10 days for infractions of school rules. In addition to other powers and duties under this subsection, the school board may develop a policy requiring a student who is in violation of school substance abuse or possession rules to participate in substance abuse services as provided in section 6606. Nothing in this subsection or subsection 9-C prevents a school board from providing educational services in an alternative setting to a student who has been expelled.

9-A. Students expelled or suspended under the requirements of the federal Gun-Free Schools Act. [...]

B. Nothing in this subsection prevents a school board from:

(1) Offering instructional activities related to firearms or from allowing a firearm to be brought to school for instructional activities sanctioned by the school board and for which the school board has adopted appropriate safeguards to ensure student safety; or

(2) Providing educational services in an alternative setting to a student who has been expelled.

§3271. Compulsory attendance at school.

2. Alternative instruction. Alternative instruction may be substituted for attendance in a day school in the following cases when approved by the school principal.

A. The person is enrolled in an approved special education program.

B. The person obtains equivalent instruction through alternative learning or in any other manner arranged or approved by the commissioner.

3. Exceptions. Attendance at school or an alternative education program is not required of:

A. A person who has graduated from high school before the person's 17th birthday;

B. A person who is at least 15 years old, has completed the 9th grade and has permission to leave school to participate in a suitable program of training or combined work and study from a parent and the commissioner; and

C. A person who has been adjudged a truant and has been excused from attendance pursuant to procedures established by the commissioner.

§5001-A. Compulsory attendance.

Attendance at school shall be required of persons in the State as follows.

3. Alternatives to attendance at public day school. Alternatives to attendance at public day school are as follows.

A. Equivalent instruction alternatives are as follows.

(1) A person is excused from attending a public day school if the person obtains equivalent instruction in:

(a) A private school approved for attendance purposes pursuant to section 2901;

(b) A private school recognized by the department as providing equivalent instruction;

(c-1) A home instruction program that complies with the requirements of subparagraph (4); or

(d) Any other manner arranged for by the school board and approved by the commissioner.

(2) A student is credited with attendance at a private school only if a certificate showing the name, residence and attendance of the person at the school, signed by the person or persons in charge of the school, has been filed with the school officials of the administrative unit in which the student resides.

(4) The following provisions govern a home instruction program.

(a) The student's parent or guardian shall provide a written notice of intent to provide home instruction simultaneously to the school officials of the administrative unit in which the student resides and to the commissioner within 10 calendar days of the beginning of home instruction. The notice must contain the following information:

(i) The name, signature and address of the student's parent or guardian;

(ii) The name and age of the student;

(iii) The date the home instruction program will begin;

(iv) A statement of assurance that indicates the home instruction program will provide at least 175 days annually of instruction and will provide instruction in the following subject areas: English and language arts, math, science, social studies, physical education, health education, library skills, fine arts and, in at least one grade from grade 6 to 12, Maine studies. At one grade level from grade 7 to 12, the student will demonstrate proficiency in the use of computers; and

(v) A statement of assurance that indicates that the home instruction program will include an annual assessment of the student's academic progress that includes at least one of the forms of assessment described in division (b).

(b) On or before September 1st of each subsequent year of home instruction, the student's parent or guardian shall file a letter with the school officials of the administrative unit in which the student resides and the commissioner stating the intention to continue providing home instruction and enclose a copy of one of the following forms of annual assessment of the student's academic progress:

(i) A standardized achievement test administered through the administrative unit in which the student resides or through other arrangements approved by the commissioner. If the test is administered through the administrative unit in which the student resides, that administration must be agreed to by the school officials of the administrative unit prior to submission of the written notice of intent to provide home instruction;

(ii) A test developed by the school officials of the administrative unit in which the student resides appropriate to the student's home instruction program, which must be agreed to by the school officials of the administrative unit prior to submission of the written notice of intent to provide home instruction;

(iii) A review and acceptance of the student's progress by an identified individual who holds a current Maine teacher's certificate;

(iv) A review and acceptance of the student's progress based on, but not limited to, a presentation of an educational portfolio of the student to a local area homeschooling support group whose membership for this purpose includes a currently certified Maine teacher or administrator; or

(v) A review and acceptance of the student's progress by a local advisory board selected by the superintendent of the administrative unit in which the student resides that includes one administrative unit employee and 2 home instruction tutors. For the purpose of this subdivision, a "home instruction tutor" means the parent, guardian or other person who acts or will act as a primary teacher of the student in the home instruction program. This provision must be agreed to by the school officials of the administrative unit in which the student resides prior to submission of the written notice of intent to provide home instruction.

(c) Dissemination of any information filed under this subparagraph is governed by the provisions of section 6001; the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, 20 United States Code, Section 1232g (2002); and the federal Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, 20 United States Code, Sections 1401 to 1487 (2002), except that "directory information," as defined by the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, is confidential and is not subject to public disclosure unless the parent or guardian specifically permits disclosure in writing or a judge orders otherwise. Copies of the information filed under this subparagraph must be maintained by the student's parent or guardian until the home instruction program concludes. The records must be made available to the commissioner upon request.

(d) If the home instruction program is discontinued, students of compulsory school age must be enrolled in a public school or an equivalent instruction alternative as provided for in this paragraph. The receiving school shall determine the placement of the student. At the secondary level, the principal of the receiving school shall determine the value of the prior educational experience toward meeting the standards of the system of learning results as established in section 6209.

B. A person may be excused from attendance at a public day school pursuant to section 5104-A or section 8605.

§5104-A. Alternative education programs outside the school administrative unit.

1. Alternative education programs. If the superintendents approve, a school administrative unit may enroll a student in an alternative education program in another school administrative unit or in an approved private alternative education program.

§9701. Definitions.

As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.

1. Drug treatment center. "Drug treatment center" means a facility as defined in Title 22, section 8001, which provides drug and alcohol abuse treatment.

2. Eligible student. "Eligible student" means any resident of the State between the ages of 5 and 20 years who is otherwise eligible for public schooling under this Title.

3. Long-term treatment. "Long-term treatment" means treatment in a drug treatment center designed to provide treatment for a period in excess of 60 days.

§9702. Program responsibility.

A school administrative unit in which a licensed drug treatment center is located or a nearby school administrative unit shall provide an educational program, as prescribed by the commissioner, for each eligible student residing in the center, notwithstanding the student's legal residence within the State. The selection of the school administrative unit to provide that program shall be made by the commissioner pursuant to rules adopted in accordance with the Maine Administrative Procedure Act, Title 5, chapter 375. The rules shall take into account the educational needs of students, the ability of a school administrative unit to meet those needs, the proximity of school administrative units to the facility, the expressed wishes of officials representing school administrative units and other appropriate considerations. The decision of the commissioner may be appealed to the State Board of Education. The decision of the board shall be final.

§9703. Initial program approval.

Each such school unit shall submit a program plan for educational services to be approved by the commissioner. The program plan shall include the following components:

1. Planning; approved. Evidence of collaborative planning with officials and staff of the center and approval of the center's governing board;

2. Licensure. Proof that the facility is licensed by the Department of Health and Human Services and complies with the rules adopted by that department;

3. Educational activities. Educational activities and an evaluation component suitable to the age and educational needs of the eligible students;

4. Accounting. An accounting of all eligible students who will be provided educational services by the program and a plan for continued accurate accounting of the students; and

5. Line-item budget. A line-item budget submitted no later than 90 days prior to the fiscal year in which the program will operate. The proposed budget request may not exceed the number of students in the approved program plan, on a per student basis, based on the state average tuition rate as provided in sections 5804, 5805 and 15689.

The commissioner or a designee shall approve the program plan in a timely manner in order that appropriate budgeting may occur before the start of the school unit's fiscal year. Approval shall include a payment schedule for disbursement of program funds to the school unit in the fiscal year of the program's operation.

§9704. Appeal process.

A school unit required to offer an educational program or a drug treatment center which treats eligible students may appeal to the commissioner in the event agreement cannot be reached between them. The commissioner's decision on the program in such an appeal shall be rendered within 60 days and shall be final.

§9705. Renewal of program approval.

Each school unit operating an educational program for eligible students at drug treatment centers shall file an annual report, a proposed budget for the ensuing fiscal year and an application for renewal of program approval as prescribed by the commissioner.

§9706. Rule-making authority.

The commissioner shall adopt rules to implement this chapter and the funding scheme under the Essential Programs and Services Funding Act.

REGULATIONS

05-071 CMR 128.13. Developing alternative programs.

The legislation encourages school units to establish alternative programs for dropouts and chronic (habitual) truants. Although the word "encouraged" is used, the primary intent of the legislation is to provide school units with the authority to establish programs for the identified pupils.

When developing alternative programs, local school officials should give consideration to the following questions:

A. Do the programs provide for academic and non-academic pursuits in accordance with the needs of the individual student?

B. Do the programs include that which is necessary for meeting curriculum and graduation requirements provided by statute or local board policy?

C. Do the programs provide adequate instructional time equivalent to that required for regular school programs?

D. Are adequate instructional materials provided?

E. Can the programs be evaluated in terms of meeting stated objectives? Alternative programs may be developed and conducted under the direction of local school officials and may become operative within present school facilities during the regular school day. Likewise, alternative programs may be operated under the direction of local school officials outside the regular school facilities and school day. Regardless of which approach is followed, criteria should be developed to determine pupil eligibility for participation in these programs. A description of locally developed alternative programs is to be filed with this Department and the reporting process can be accomplished by using the data collection form.

It is possible that alternative programs may already exist or could be developed completely apart from local school jurisdiction. These programs could be operated by private individuals, groups, or agencies. If programs operated outside the school by private individuals, groups, or agencies seem appropriate in meeting the needs of the pupil, criteria for the programs should be developed by the local school officials and they should serve as a guide for the local approval of these programs. Such criteria should include the following:

1. The instruction is provided by qualified individuals. The qualifications might be evidenced by a valid teaching credential, a valid license (trade, etc.) in the area of content being presented, or expertise gained through long experience in the content of the specific program (adult education programs).

2. The quality of instruction is equivalent to that provided in the regular public school.

3. The facilities housing the program meet all fire safety, health, and sanitation standards.

4. The program is designed to provide adequate instructional time to meet its stated objectives.

5. There is provision for program evaluation. Any alternative programs developed under this legislation shall be submitted to the local school board for approval.

05-071 CMR 128.16. Parental approval of alternative programs.

Regardless of what type of alternative program arrangement-is determined for each individual pupil, local school officials should prepare a form for parents to sign to approve the alternative arrangement. Parents should be included in the total process and should provide evidence to the school officials that they understand what has taken place.

Major Category
Disciplinary Approaches Addressing Specific Infractions and Conditions
Sub Category
Firearms (as required by the Guns-Free Schools Act)
Statute

LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

9-A. Students expelled or suspended under the requirements of the federal Gun-Free Schools Act. The school boards shall adopt a policy for expelling a student who is determined to have brought a firearm, as defined in 18 United States Code, Section 921, to school or to have possessed a firearm at school and for referring the matter to the appropriate local law enforcement agency.

A. A student who is determined to have brought a firearm to school or to have possessed a firearm at school under this subsection must be expelled from school for a period of not less than one year, except that the school board may authorize the superintendent to modify the requirement for expulsion of a student on a case-by-case basis. A decision to change the placement of a student with a disability must be made in accordance with the federal Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, 20 United States Code, Section 1400 et seq.

B. Nothing in this subsection prevents a school board from:

(1) Offering instructional activities related to firearms or from allowing a firearm to be brought to school for instructional activities sanctioned by the school board and for which the school board has adopted appropriate safeguards to ensure student safety; [...]

C. In accordance with the proper investigation and due process provisions required in subsection 9, a principal may suspend immediately for good cause a student who is determined to have brought a firearm to school or to have possessed a firearm at school under this subsection.

§6552. Firearms.

1. Prohibition. A person may not possess a firearm on public school property or the property of an approved private school or discharge a firearm within 500 feet of public school property or the property of an approved private school.

2. Exceptions. The provisions under subsection 1 do not apply to the following.

A. The prohibition on the possession and discharge of a firearm does not apply to law enforcement officials.

B. The prohibition on the possession of a firearm does not apply to the following persons, if the possession is authorized by a written policy adopted by the school board:

(1) A person who possesses an unloaded firearm for use in a supervised educational program approved and authorized by the school board and for which the school board has adopted appropriate safeguards to ensure student safety; and

(2) A person who possesses an unloaded firearm that is stored inside a locked vehicle in a closed container, a zipped case or a locked firearms rack while the person is attending a hunter's breakfast or similar event that:

(a) Is held during an open firearm season established under Title 12, Part 13 for any species of wild bird or wild animal;

(b) Takes place outside of regular school hours; and

(c) Is authorized by the school board.

C. The prohibition on possession and discharge of a firearm does not apply to a person possessing a firearm at a school-operated gun range or a person discharging a firearm as part of a school-sanctioned program at a school-operated gun range if the gun range and the program are authorized by a written policy adopted by the school's governing body.

3. Penalty. A person who violates this section is guilty of a Class E crime.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Other weapons
Statute

LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

9. Students expelled or suspended. Following a proper investigation of a student's behavior and due process proceedings pursuant to subsection 8-A, if found necessary for the peace and usefulness of the school, a school board shall expel any student:

C. Who possesses on school property a firearm as defined in Title 17-A, section 2, subsection 12-A or a dangerous weapon as defined in Title 17-A, section 2, subsection 9 without permission of a school official;

D. Who, with use of any other dangerous weapon as defined in Title 17-A, section 2, subsection 9, paragraph A, intentionally or knowingly causes injury or accompanies use of a weapon with a threat to cause injury;

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Students with chronic disciplinary issues
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Attendance and truancy
Statute

LAWS

§3271. Compulsory attendance at school.

1. Required attendance. Persons residing in the unorganized territory who are at least 7 and under 17 years of age shall attend a public day elementary or secondary school or an approved private school during the time it is in session.

2. Alternative instruction. Alternative instruction may be substituted for attendance in a day school in the following cases when approved by the school principal.

A. The person is enrolled in an approved special education program.

B. The person obtains equivalent instruction through alternative learning or in any other manner arranged or approved by the commissioner.

3. Exceptions. Attendance at school or an alternative education program is not required of:

A. A person who has graduated from high school before the person's 17th birthday;

B. A person who is at least 15 years old, has completed the 9th grade and has permission to leave school to participate in a suitable program of training or combined work and study from a parent and the commissioner; and

C. A person who has been adjudged a truant and has been excused from attendance pursuant to procedures established by the commissioner.

§3272. Truancy; excusable absences.

2. Truancy. A person is truant if:

A. The person is required to attend school or alternative instruction and has completed grade 6 under this chapter and has the equivalent of 10 full days of unexcused absences or 7 consecutive school days of unexcused absences during a school year; or

B. The person is required to attend school or alternative instruction and is at least 7 years of age and has not completed grade 6 under this chapter and has the equivalent of 7 full days of unexcused absences or 5 consecutive school days of unexcused absences during a school year.

§3273. Enforcement.

1. Civil violations. A parent who has control of a person who is truant under section 3272, subsection 2 and who is primarily responsible for that person's truancy commits a civil violation under this chapter.

2. Jurisdiction. The District Court shall have jurisdiction over these violations.

3. Process. Service of the petition on the parent shall be in accordance with the Maine Rules of Civil Procedure.

4. Penalties.

5. Disposition. The court may order injunctive relief of one or more of the following actions against any person who commits a civil violation under subsection 1:

A. Ordering the offender to comply with this chapter;

B. Ordering the offender to take specific action to ensure the student's attendance at school;

C. Enjoining the offender from engaging in specific conduct which interferes with or may interfere with the student's attendance at school; or

D. Ordering the offender to undergo counseling by a professional selected by the offender, with the court's approval, or by the court. The counselor shall submit a written evaluation to the court and to the offender.

6. Fine. For a civil violation under this section, the court may impose a fine not to exceed $250, all or part of which may be suspended upon the offender's compliance with a court order under this section.

§5001-A. Compulsory attendance.

Attendance at school shall be required of persons in the State as follows.

1. Requirement. Persons 7 years of age or older and under 17 years shall attend a public day school during the time it is in regular session.

2. Exceptions. Attendance at school shall not be required of the following:

A. A person who graduates from high school before that person's 17th birthday;

B. A person who has:

(1) Reached the age of 15 years or completed the 9th grade;

(2) Permission to leave school from that person's parent;

(3) Been approved by the principal for a suitable program of work and study or training;

(4) Permission to leave school from the school board or its designee; and

(5) Agreed in writing with that person's parent and the school board or its designee to meet annually until that person's 17th birthday to review that person's educational needs. When the request to be excused from school has been denied pursuant to this paragraph, the student's parent may appeal to the commissioner;

D. A person who has matriculated and is attending an accredited, post-secondary, degree-granting institution as a full-time student. An exception to attendance in public school under this paragraph must be approved by the commissioner; or

E. A person enrolled in an online learning program or course, unless the person is enrolled in a virtual public charter school as defined in section 2401, subsection 11

§5051-A. Truancy

1. Truant. A student is truant if the student is subject to section 5001-A and:

B. Has completed grade 6 and has the equivalent of 10 full days of unexcused absences or 7 consecutive school days of unexcused absences during a school year; or

C. Is at least 7 years of age and has not completed grade 6 and has the equivalent of 7 full days of unexcused absences or 5 consecutive school days of unexcused absences during a school year.

2. Procedures; written notice; referral. This subsection governs the procedure to be followed when a student is truant.

A-1. The principal, upon determining that a student is truant under subsection 1, shall notify the superintendent of the student's truancy within 5 school days of the last unexcused absence.

A-2. A student who is determined truant under subsection 1 must be referred to the school's student assistance team or the school personnel designated by the superintendent in accordance with the school administrative unit's intervention system under section 4710 to determine the cause of the truancy and assess the effect of the student's absences, as well as any future absences for the student. If it is determined that a negative effect exists, the student assistance team or the school personnel designated by the superintendent in accordance with the school administrative unit's intervention system under section 4710 shall develop an intervention plan to address the student's absences and the negative effect of these absences. An intervention plan may include, but is not limited to:

(1) Frequent communication between the teacher and the family;

(2) Changes in the learning environment;

(3) Mentoring;

(4) Student counseling;

(5) Tutoring, including peer tutoring;

(6) Placement into different classes;

(7) Consideration of multiple pathways as described under section 4703;

(8) Attendance contracts;

(9) Referral to other agencies for family services; and

(10) Other interventions, including, but not limited to, referral to the school attendance coordinator, student assistance team or dropout prevention committee.

Failure of the student or the student's parents to appear at scheduled meetings does not preclude the school administrators from implementing an intervention plan to address the student's truancy.

B-1. The superintendent shall develop procedures to refer a student who is truant to the student assistance team or the school personnel designated by the superintendent in accordance with the school administrative unit's intervention system under section 4710 in accordance with this section. These procedures may include, but are not limited to:

(1) Identifying school personnel responsible for notifying the student assistance team or the school personnel designated by the superintendent in accordance with the school administrative unit's intervention system when a student is truant;

(2) A process for referral of a student who is truant, including identifying school personnel responsible for inviting the parents and the student to participate in any meeting that results from this referral;

(3) A timeline for setting up a meeting and developing an intervention plan under paragraph A-2;

(4) A plan for dealing with future absences of a student who is truant; and

(5) A plan for reporting of the results of the intervention plan developed pursuant to paragraph A-2.

C. If the intervention plan developed pursuant to paragraph A-2 is unable to correct the truancy of the child, the superintendent shall serve or cause to be served upon the parent in hand or by registered mail a written notice that attendance of the child at school is required by law. The notice must:

(1) State that the student is required to attend school pursuant to section 5001-A;

(2) Explain the parent's right to inspect the student's attendance records, attendance coordinator's reports and principal's reports;

(3) Explain that the failure to send the student to school and maintain the student in regular attendance is a civil violation in accordance with section 5053-A and will jeopardize the student's status in the grade that the student is in;

(4) State that the superintendent may notify the local law enforcement department of a violation of section 5053-A and the Department of Health and Human Services of a violation under subsection 1, paragraph C; and

(5) Outline the plan developed to address the student's truancy and the steps that have been taken to implement that plan.

D. Prior to notifying the local law enforcement department under paragraph E, the superintendent shall schedule at least one meeting as required in paragraph B-1 and may invite a local prosecutor.

E. If, after 3 school days after service of the notice referred to in paragraph C, the student remains truant and the parent and student refuse to attend the meeting scheduled according to paragraph D, the superintendent shall report the facts of the unlawful absence to the local law enforcement department, which may proceed with an action to enforce section 5053-A against the parent unless the student is at once placed in an appropriate school or otherwise meets the requirements under section 5001-A.

F. When a student is determined to be truant and in violation of section 5001-A and the student assistance team or the school personnel designated by the superintendent in accordance with the school administrative unit's intervention system under section 4710 and the superintendent have made a good faith attempt to meet the requirements of paragraph B-1, the superintendent shall notify the school board of the student's truancy.

3. Reports. This subsection applies to reports of truancy.

A. A superintendent shall submit an annual report to the commissioner before October 1st. The report must:

(1) Identify the number of truants in the school administrative unit in the preceding school year;

(2) Describe the unit's efforts to deal with truancy;

(3) Account for actions brought under this section including the number of truants reported to the student assistance team or the school personnel designated by the superintendent in accordance with the school administrative unit's intervention system under section 4710; and

(4) Include any other information on truancy requested by the commissioner.

B. The commissioner shall submit an annual report to the Governor and the Legislature before January 15th. The report must aggregate the information provided by superintendents under paragraph A and must evaluate the effect of state laws on the incidence of truancy.

§5053-A. Enforcement.

1.Civil violation. If a parent has control of a student who is truant under section 5051-A, subsection 1 and that parent is primarily responsible for that truancy, that parent commits a civil violation for which a fine of not more than $250 may be adjudged, all or part of which may be suspended upon the parent's compliance with a court order under subsection 2.

2.Dispositions. The court may also order a parent adjudicated as violating subsection 1 to take specific action to ensure the child's attendance at school; comply with the intervention plan developed in accordance with section 5051-A, subsection 2, paragraph A-2; participate in a parent-training class; attend school with the child; perform community service hours at the school; or participate in counseling or other services as appropriate.

3.Notice required. Notice must be provided to the parent pursuant to section 5051-A, subsection 2, paragraph C before a prosecution for violating subsection 1 may be brought against the parent.

4.Prima facie proof. Evidence that shows that the parent received the notice under section 5051-A, subsection 2 and that the child has accumulated 10 cumulative full days of absences or 5 consecutive school days of absences that are not justified under the established attendance policies of the school administrative unit is prima facie proof that the parent is primarily responsible for the child's truancy or the parent failed to take corrective measures for the child's truancy.

5.Defense. It is a defense to a prosecution under subsection 1 that the parent has exercised reasonable diligence in attempting to cause a child in the parent's custody to attend school or that the administrators of the child's school did not perform their duties as required by law.

6.Process. Service of a summons on the parent pursuant to subsection 1 must be in accordance with the Maine Rules of Civil Procedure.

7.Jurisdiction. The District Court has jurisdiction over violations under subsection 1.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Substance use
Statute

LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

9. Students expelled or suspended. Following a proper investigation of a student's behavior and due process proceedings pursuant to subsection 8-A, if found necessary for the peace and usefulness of the school, a school board shall expel any student:

A. Who is deliberately disobedient or deliberately disorderly;

B. For infractions of violence;

C. Who possesses on school property a firearm as defined in Title 17-A, section 2, subsection 12-A or a dangerous weapon as defined in Title 17-A, section 2, subsection 9 without permission of a school official;

D. Who, with use of any other dangerous weapon as defined in Title 17-A, section 2, subsection 9, paragraph A, intentionally or knowingly causes injury or accompanies use of a weapon with a threat to cause injury; or

E. Who possesses, furnishes or trafficks in any scheduled drug as defined in Title 17-A, chapter 45.

A student may be readmitted on satisfactory evidence that the behavior that was the cause of the student being expelled will not likely recur. The school board may authorize the principal to suspend students up to a maximum of 10 days for infractions of school rules. In addition to other powers and duties under this subsection, the school board may develop a policy requiring a student who is in violation of school substance abuse or possession rules to participate in substance abuse services as provided in section 6606. Nothing in this subsection or subsection 9-C prevents a school board from providing educational services in an alternative setting to a student who has been expelled.

§6621. Performance-Enhancing substances.

1. List of banned substances. The Commissioner of Health and Human Services shall develop a list of banned performance-enhancing substances. The list must include, but is not limited to, the following:

A. Ephedrine;

B. Synephrine, also known as bitter orange;

C. Dehydroepiandrosterone;

D. All dietary supplements as defined by 21 United States Code, Section 321, Subsection (ff) that are on a banned substance list maintained by the National Collegiate Athletic Association or the World Anti-Doping Agency or their successor organizations; and

E. All other substances that are on a banned substance list maintained by the National Collegiate Athletic Association or the World Anti-Doping Agency or their successor organizations except for:

(1) A substance that is otherwise illegal in this State; or

(2) A substance the use of which by minors is illegal in this State.

2. Amendments to list. The Commissioner of Health and Human Services shall amend the banned substances list each time a dietary supplement or other substance referenced in subsection 1, paragraph D or E is added to the list of banned substances maintained by the National Collegiate Athletic Association or the World Anti-Doping Agency or their successor organizations. For a substance to be prohibited under section 6624 in a particular school year, the substance must be added to the banned substances list maintained under this section no later than July 1st preceding that school year.

3. Notification. The Commissioner of Health and Human Services shall notify the department, the Maine School Management Association and the Maine Principals' Association or their successor organizations when the initial list of banned substances is complete and of any subsequent changes to the list. The department shall notify all school administrative units that have students who participate in sports of the availability of the list. The Commissioner of Health and Human Services shall post the list on the publicly accessible website of the Department of Health and Human Services.

§6622. Awareness.

The department shall request assistance from a statewide organization of principals in distributing information regarding the dangers associated with performance-enhancing substances. Each school administrative unit shall review its drug and alcohol policies and update such policies to address the use of performance-enhancing substances.

§6623. Marketing.

A teacher, athletic director, sports coach or other school official or employee may not sell, distribute or promote a performance-enhancing substance on the list of banned substances developed and maintained under section 6621. A school may not accept a sponsorship from a manufacturer of a performance-enhancing substance on the list of banned substances. A person who violates this section is subject to sanctions as determined by the governing body with statutory powers and duties for the school administrative unit in which that person is employed or serving in a coaching or other official capacity.

§6624. Prohibition on use.

A student participating in interscholastic sports may not use a performance-enhancing substance on the list of banned substances developed and maintained under section 6621. A student who violates this section is subject to sanctions as determined by the governing body with statutory powers and duties for the school administrative unit in which that student is enrolled.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Bullying, harassment, or hazing
Statute

LAWS

§6553. Prohibition of hazing.

1. Definitions. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.

A. "Injurious hazing" means any action or situation, including harassing behavior, that recklessly or intentionally endangers the mental or physical health of any school personnel or a student enrolled in a public school.

B. "Violator" means any person or any organization which engages in injurious hazing.

2. Adoption of policy. The school board shall adopt a policy which establishes that "injurious hazing," either on or off school property, by any student, staff member, group or organization affiliated with the public school is prohibited.

3. Penalties. The school board shall establish penalties for violation of the rules established in subsection 2. The penalties shall include, but not be limited to, provisions for:

A. In the case of a person not associated with the public school, the ejection of the violator from school property;

B. In the case of a student, administrator or staff violator, the individual's suspension, expulsion or other appropriate disciplinary action; and

C. In the case of an organization affiliated with the public school which authorizes hazing, rescission of permission for that organization to operate on school property or receive any other benefit of affiliation with the public school.

These penalties shall be in addition to any other civil or criminal penalty to which the violator or organization may be subject.

4. Administrative responsibility. The school board shall assign responsibility for administering the policy to the superintendent of schools and establish procedures for appealing the action or lack of action of the superintendent.

5. Dissemination. The school board shall clearly set forth the policy and penalties adopted and shall distribute copies of them to all students enrolled in the public school.

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools

3. Prohibition. A person may not engage in bullying on school grounds. This section does not modify or eliminate a school's obligation to comply with state and federal constitutional protections and civil rights laws applicable to schools.

5. Adoption of policy. When revising the policies and procedures it has established to address bullying pursuant to section 1001, subsection 15, paragraph H, a school board shall ensure that its policies and procedures are consistent with the model policy developed or revised by the commissioner pursuant to section 254, subsection 11-A. The policies and procedures must include, but are not limited to:

A. A provision identifying the responsibility of students and others on school grounds to comply with the policies;

B. A clear statement that bullying, harassment and sexual harassment and retaliation for reporting incidents of such behavior are prohibited;

C. A provision outlining the responsibility of a superintendent to implement and enforce the bullying policies required by this section, including:

(1) A requirement that the superintendent designate a school principal or other school personnel to administer the policies at the school level; and

(2) A procedure for publicly identifying the superintendent's designee or designees for administering the policies at the school level;

D. A requirement that school staff members, coaches and advisors for extracurricular and cocurricular activities report incidents of bullying to the school principal or other school personnel designated by the superintendent pursuant to paragraph C;

E. Procedures for students, school staff members, parents and others to report incidents of bullying. The procedures must permit reports of bullying to be made anonymously;

F. A procedure for promptly investigating and responding to incidents of bullying, including written documentation of reported incidents and the outcome of the investigations;

G. A clear statement that any person who engages in bullying, who is determined to have knowingly and falsely accused another of bullying or who engages in acts of retaliation against a person who reports a suspected incident of bullying is subject to disciplinary actions, which actions may include but are not limited to imposing a series of graduated consequences that include alternative discipline;

H. A procedure for a person to appeal a decision of a school principal or a superintendent's designee related to taking or not taking disciplinary action in accordance with the policies adopted pursuant to this subsection. The appeals procedure must be consistent with other appeals procedures established by the school board and may include an appeal to the superintendent;

I. A procedure to remediate any substantiated incident of bullying to counter the negative impact of the bullying and reduce the risk of future bullying incidents, which may include referring the victim, perpetrator or other involved persons to counseling or other appropriate services;

J. A process for the school to communicate to the parent of a student who has been bullied the measures being taken to ensure the safety of the student who has been bullied and to prevent further acts of bullying; and

K. A procedure for communicating with a local or state law enforcement agency if the school principal or the superintendent's designee believes that the pursuit of criminal charges or a civil action under the Maine Civil Rights Act is appropriate.

School boards may combine the policies and procedures required by this subsection with nondiscrimination, harassment and sexual harassment policies and grievance procedures.

6. Dissemination of policy. Each school board shall annually provide the written policies and procedures adopted pursuant to subsection 5 to students, parents, volunteers, administrators, teachers and school staff. The policies and procedures must be posted on the school administrative unit's publicly accessible website. Each school board shall include in its student handbook a section that addresses in detail the policies and procedures adopted pursuant to subsection 5.

7. Application. A superintendent or the superintendent's designee shall ensure that every substantiated incident of bullying is addressed.

A. The prohibition on bullying and retaliation and the attendant consequences apply to any student, school employee, contractor, visitor or volunteer who engages in conduct that constitutes bullying or retaliation.

B. Any contractor, visitor or volunteer who engages in bullying must be barred from school grounds until the superintendent is assured that the person will comply with this section and the policies of the school board.

C. Any organization affiliated with the school that authorizes or engages in bullying or retaliation forfeits permission for that organization to operate on school grounds or receive any other benefit of affiliation with the school.

9. Staff training. A school administrative unit shall provide professional development and staff training in the best approaches to implementing this section.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Other special infractions or conditions
Statute

LAWS

§4007. Secret societies prohibited.

Secret societies shall be prohibited as follows.

1. Prohibition. Secret fraternities or societies in or associated with public schools shall be prohibited.

2. Enforcement. School boards shall enforce this section.

3. Penalty. School boards may expel or otherwise discipline any student for failure or refusal to comply with this section.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Major Category
Prevention and Behavioral Interventions (Non-Punitive)
Sub Category
Prevention
Statute

LAWS

§262. Violence prevention and intervention.

The commissioner shall provide technical assistance to school administrative units that request assistance in the provision of violence prevention and intervention training programs for teachers, school staff and students. The assistance must emphasize conflict resolution education, peer mediation and early identification and response to signs of violence.

§6604. Substance abuse programs.

1. Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings:

A. "Chemical health coordinator" means a person who serves as the coordinator of a local school administrative unit's chemical primary and secondary prevention and education program.

2. Local programs. School units may institute special programs to address health and related problems.

To further these objectives, school units may employ specialized personnel such as chemical health coordinators and others knowledgeable in the field of substance abuse and may cooperate with public and private agencies in substance abuse education, prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation referral and related programs.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Behavioral interventions and student support services
Statute

LAWS

§262. Violence prevention and intervention.

The commissioner shall provide technical assistance to school administrative units that request assistance in the provision of violence prevention and intervention training programs for teachers, school staff and students. The assistance must emphasize conflict resolution education, peer mediation and early identification and response to signs of violence.

§1001. Duties of school boards.

15-A. School disciplinary policies. When revising the prescribed consequences for violation of the student code of conduct pursuant to subsection 15, paragraph C, a school board shall consider districtwide disciplinary policies that:

A. Focus on positive interventions and expectations and avoid focusing exclusively on unacceptable student behavior. For the purpose of this subsection, "positive interventions" means instructional and environmental supports that are designed to teach students prosocial alternatives to problem behaviors with high rates of positive feedback;

B. Focus on positive and restorative interventions that are consistent with evidence-based practices rather than set punishments for specific behavior and avoid so-called zero-tolerance practices unless specifically required by federal or state laws, rules or regulations. For the purpose of this paragraph, "restorative interventions" means school practices that are designed to strengthen relationships, improve the connection to school and promote a strong sense of accountability and that help students learn from their mistakes, understand the impact of their actions on others and find opportunities to repair the harm they have caused through their misbehavior;

C. Allow administrators to use their discretion to fashion appropriate discipline that examines the circumstances pertinent to the case at hand; and

D. Provide written notice to the parents of a student when a student is suspended from school, regardless of whether the suspension is an in-school or out-of-school suspension.

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools.

5. Adoption of Policy. When revising the policies and procedures it has established to address bullying pursuant to section 1001, section 15, paragraph H, a school board shall ensure that its policies and procedures are consistent with the model policy developed or revised by the commissioner pursuant to section 254, subsection 11-A. The policies and procedures must include, but are not limited to:

I. A procedure to remediate any substantial incident of bullying to counter the negative impact of the bullying and reduce the risk of future bullying incidents, which may include referring the victim, perpetrator or other involved persons to counseling or other appropriate services;

§6604. Substance abuse programs.

1. Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings:

A. "Chemical health coordinator" means a person who serves as the coordinator of a local school administrative unit's chemical primary and secondary prevention and education program.

2. Local programs. School units may institute special programs to address health and related problems.

To further these objectives, school units may employ specialized personnel such as chemical health coordinators and others knowledgeable in the field of substance abuse and may cooperate with public and private agencies in substance abuse education, prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation referral and related programs.

§6606. Participation in substance abuse services.

In compliance with written school policy adopted by a school board, the school board may require that a student who has been determined to be in violation of school rules governing substance abuse or alcohol or drug possession participate in a substance abuse assessment, education or support group service offered by the school. The school board shall provide for notice to the parents or legal guardian of a student required to participate in such services. If the school board elects to do so, it may request a parent or legal guardian to participate in the services.

§6671. Youth mental health first aid training.

A school administrative unit shall establish a youth mental health first aid training program for health educators in secondary schools in the unit pursuant to this section.

1. Recipients of training. A school administrative unit shall schedule training for and ensure training is provided to health educators in secondary schools in the unit responsible for implementing health education pursuant to section 4723.

2. Providers of training. A school administrative unit shall ensure training is delivered by trainers who are properly certified by a national organization for behavioral health to provide training pursuant to subsection 3.

3. Content of training. The training provided pursuant to this section must be in compliance with a course of instruction in youth mental health first aid operated by the national organization for behavioral health under subsection 2 and include training on the skills, resources and knowledge necessary to assist students in crisis to connect with appropriate local mental health care services, training on mental health resources, including the location of local community mental health centers, and training on action plans and protocols for referral to such resources. Recipients of the training must also receive training to:

A. Safely de-escalate crisis situations;

B. Recognize the signs and symptoms of mental illness, including such psychiatric conditions as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major clinical depression and anxiety disorders; and

C. Timely refer students to mental health services in the early stages of their development of mental disorders to avoid subsequent behavioral health care and to enhance the effectiveness of mental health services.

4. Available funding. A school administrative unit is required to meet the requirements of this section only if it has received funding specifically for this purpose from federal funding, private funding or other funding sources.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Professional development
Statute

LAWS

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools.

9. Staff training. A school administrative unit shall provide professional development and staff training in the best approaches to implementing this section.

§4502. School approval requirements.

5-B. Suicide awareness education and training. Each school administrative unit shall develop a plan for suicide prevention awareness education for all school personnel and suicide prevention and intervention training for certain personnel in accordance with this subsection.

A. Beginning in the 2014-2015 school year for high schools and in the 2015-2016 school year for elementary and middle schools, a one-hour to 2-hour in-service training module in suicide prevention awareness must be completed by all school personnel. School personnel shall complete the training module by the commencement of the school year or, for those employees who are newly hired, within 6 months from the beginning of employment. Suicide prevention awareness education must be repeated every 5 years.

B. Beginning in the 2014-2015 school year, a one-day course in suicide prevention and intervention training that will result in at least 2 school personnel trained in suicide prevention and intervention must be implemented by each school administrative unit and by each island, charter and public school that is not in a school administrative unit. Additional trained school personnel above the minimum of 2 must receive the training if the number of students in the school administrative unit is above 1,000 as follows:

(1) For 1,001 to 1,500 students, one additional school employee;

(2) For 1,501 to 2,000 students, 2 additional school personnel;

(3) For 2,001 to 2,500 students, 3 additional school personnel;

(4) For 2,501 to 3,000 students, 4 additional school personnel;

(5) For 3,001 to 3,500 students, 5 additional school personnel;

(6) For 3,501 to 4,000 students, 6 additional school personnel;

(7) For 4,001 to 4,500 students, 7 additional school personnel;

(8) For 4,501 to 5,000 students, 8 additional school personnel;

(9) For 5,001 to 5,500 students, 9 additional school personnel;

(10) For 5,501 to 6,000 students, 10 additional school personnel;

(11) For 6,001 to 6,500 students, 11 additional school personnel;

(12) For 6,501 to 7,000 students, 12 additional school personnel;

(13) For 7,001 to 7,500 students, 13 additional school personnel; and

(14) For 7,501 or more students, 14 additional school personnel.

Suicide prevention and intervention training must be repeated every 5 years.

C. Suicide prevention awareness education and suicide prevention and intervention training under this subsection must conform to national guidelines adopted by organizations that offer best practices, research-based training.

D. Training pursuant to this subsection must count toward satisfaction of professional development requirements for the department and certification requirements for teachers and other professional personnel under chapters 501 and 502.

The department shall adopt rules to implement this subsection. The rules must include, but are not limited to, implementation standards for suicide prevention awareness education and for suicide prevention and intervention training. Standards adopted for suicide prevention awareness education must be made available on the department's publicly accessible website. Rules adopted pursuant to this subsection before July 1, 2014 are routine technical rules as defined in Title 5, chapter 375, subchapter 2-A. Beginning July 1, 2014, rules adopted by the department pursuant to this subsection are major substantive rules as defined in Title 5, chapter 375, subchapter 2-A.

§6671. Youth mental health first aid training.

A school administrative unit shall establish a youth mental health first aid training program for health educators in secondary schools in the unit pursuant to this section.

1. Recipients of training. A school administrative unit shall schedule training for and ensure training is provided to health educators in secondary schools in the unit responsible for implementing health education pursuant to section 4723.

2. Providers of training. A school administrative unit shall ensure training is delivered by trainers who are properly certified by a national organization for behavioral health to provide training pursuant to subsection 3.

3. Content of training. The training provided pursuant to this section must be in compliance with a course of instruction in youth mental health first aid operated by the national organization for behavioral health under subsection 2 and include training on the skills, resources and knowledge necessary to assist students in crisis to connect with appropriate local mental health care services, training on mental health resources, including the location of local community mental health centers, and training on action plans and protocols for referral to such resources. Recipients of the training must also receive training to:

A. Safely de-escalate crisis situations;

B. Recognize the signs and symptoms of mental illness, including such psychiatric conditions as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major clinical depression and anxiety disorders; and

C. Timely refer students to mental health services in the early stages of their development of mental disorders to avoid subsequent behavioral health care and to enhance the effectiveness of mental health services.

4. Available funding. A school administrative unit is required to meet the requirements of this section only if it has received funding specifically for this purpose from federal funding, private funding or other funding sources.

REGULATIONS

05-071 CMR33.12. Staff training; Approved program.

The Department of Education shall maintain a directory of approved training programs on its website at http://maine.gov/education/. The list of approved training programs may include regional training programs and regional "train the trainer" model programs. These training programs must require participants to demonstrate competency to achieve certification, and must include instruction in at least the following core components:

1. The use of non-physical interventions for responding to potentially dangerous behaviors, including de-escalation and the use of positive alternatives;

2. Identification of dangerous behaviors that may indicate the need for physical restraint or seclusion and methods for evaluating the risk of harm to determine whether such interventions are warranted;

3. Instruction and simulated experience in administering safe physical restraint techniques across a range of increasingly restrictive interventions, including the safe movement of a student, and in recognizing and avoiding positions involving a high risk of restraint-related positional asphyxia (restricting a student's ability to breathe);

4. The effects of physical restraint and seclusion on a student, including monitoring physical and psychological signs of distress and when to obtain medical assistance in compliance with the covered entity's procedures for emergency interventions;

5. The risks and realities of physical restraint and seclusion; and

6. A review of the process of student and staff debriefing.

Each covered entity shall ensure that a sufficient number of administrators or designees, general and special education staff, maintain certification in an approved training program. A list of staff with the required approved training must be made available in each building office, as well as any central office, along with other school-wide emergency procedures and must be updated at least annually.

Major Category
Monitoring and Accountability
Sub Category
Formal incident reporting of conduct violations
Statute

LAWS

§254. Educational duties.

The commissioner shall have the following educational duties.

11. Statewide standards for behavior. In consultation with organizations representing school boards, school administrators, teachers, parents and other interested local officials and community members, the commissioner shall develop statewide standards for responsible and ethical student behavior. The standards must require annual reporting of incidents of violent and harmful behavior by or against students to the department by school administrative units. The department shall provide forms for reporting.

11-A. Model policy; reporting. By January 1, 2013, the commissioner shall develop a model policy to address bullying and cyberbullying for use by school administration units pursuant to section 6554. A copy of the model policy must be sent to each school administrative unit in the State and posted on the publicly accessible portion of the department's website along with any training and instructional materials related to the policy that the commissioner determines necessary.

A. The commissioner shall create a procedure by which school administrative units report substantiated incidents of bullying and cyberbullying to the department on a least an annual basis. There reports may not contain personally identifying information about students or other involved persons, but must delineate the specific nature of the incidents, the consequences and the actions taken.

§263. Response to school bomb threats.

2. Reporting of school bomb threats. Beginning with the 2001-2002 school year, all public schools and private schools enrolling more than 60% of their students at public expense in the State must report each bomb threat incident to the commissioner. The initial report must be made to the office of the superintendent within the school administrative unit or to the headmaster of the private school. The office of the superintendent or headmaster receiving a report of a bomb threat at a school must report that threat to the commissioner within 2 business days of the occurrence of the bomb threat. The commissioner shall report annually on the nature, frequency and impacts of school bomb threats in the State's schools to the joint standing committee of the Legislature having jurisdiction over education matters.

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools.

5. Adoption of Policy. When revising the policies and procedures it has established to address bullying pursuant to section 1001, section 15, paragraph H, a school board shall ensure that its policies and procedures are consistent with the model policy developed or revised by the commissioner pursuant to section 254, subsection 11-A. The policies and procedures must include, but are not limited to:

D. A requirement that school staff members, coaches and advisors for extracurricular and cocurricular activities report incidents of bullying to the school principal or other school personnel designated by the superintendent pursuant to paragraph C;

E. Procedures for students, school staff members, parents and others to report incidents of bullying. The procedures must permit reports of bullying to made anonymously;

REGULATIONS

05-071 CMR 33.7. Notification of incident.

SECTION 7. NOTIFICATION OF INCIDENT

1. Reporting to an Administrator or Designee, others

After each incident of physical restraint or seclusion, a staff member involved shall:

A. Report to the administrator or designee by oral notification as soon as possible after each incident, but in no event later than the end of the school day of its occurrence, and

B. If the student is receiving his or her education in an out-of-district placement through a tuition agreement or other agreement, report the incident to the entity responsible for the student's education within 24 hours or by the end of the next business day.

05-071 CMR 33.8. Documentation; Incident report.

1. Incident Report

Each use of physical restraint or seclusion must be documented in an incident report. The incident report must be completed and provided to an administrator or designee as soon as practical after the incident, and in all cases within two school days. At a minimum, the incident report must include:

A. Student name;

B. Age, gender, grade;

C. Location of the incident;

D. Date of incident;

E. Date of report;

F. Person completing the report;

G. Beginning and ending time of each physical restraint and seclusion;

H. Total time of incident;

I. Description of prior events and circumstances;

J. Less restrictive interventions tried prior to the use of physical restraint or seclusion. If none used, explain why;

K. The student behavior that justified the use of physical restraint or seclusion;

L. A detailed description of the physical restraint or seclusion used;

M. The staff person(s) involved, their role in the use of physical restraint or seclusion and their certification, if any, in an approved training program;

N. Description of the incident, including the resolution and process of return to program, if appropriate;

O. Whether the Student has an: a. IEP; b. 504 plan; c. behavior plan; d. IHP; or e. other plan;

P. If a student or staff sustained bodily injury, the date and time of nurse or response personnel notification and the treatment administered, if any;

Q. Date, time, and method of parent notification; and

R. Date, time of staff debriefing.

2. Incident Report Provided to Parents, others

A copy of the incident report must be provided, within 7 calendar days of the incident to:

A. The parent; and

B. If the student is receiving his or her education in an out-of-district placement through a tuition agreement or other agreement, the entity responsible for the student's education.

3. Duration of Incident

For purposes of this Section and Section 9, an "incident" consists of all actions between the time a student begins to create a risk of harm and the time the student ceases to pose a risk of harm and returns to his or her regular programming.

Sub Category
Parental notification
Statute

LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

9-C. Reentry for students after expulsion.

(2) The superintendent or the superintendent's designee shall send a certified letter, return receipt requested, or hand deliver a letter to the parents of the expelled student giving notice of the date, time and location of a meeting to develop a reentry plan for the student.

(3) If the student and the student's parents do not attend the meeting under subparagraph (2), the reentry plan must be developed by school staff.

(4) The reentry plan must be provided to the parents and the student in writing.

15-A. School disciplinary policies. When revising the prescribed consequences for violation of the student code of conduct pursuant to subsection 15, paragraph C, a school board shall consider districtwide disciplinary policies that:

D. Provide written notice to the parents of a student when a student is suspended from school, regardless of whether the suspension is an in-school or out-of-school suspension.

§5052-A. Attendance coordinators.

The following provisions apply to attendance coordinators.

3. Duties. The duties of an attendance coordinator include, but are not limited to, the following:

A. Interviewing a student whose attendance is irregular and meeting with the student and the parents to determine the cause of the irregular attendance and filing a written report with the principal;

§6001-A. Parental access to information on school activities.

1. Parental notification. Upon written request by a parent, a school administrative unit may provide written notification of all school activities and programs for which parental participation, involvement, notification or awareness is in the best interest of the student. A noncustodial parent may have access to information on school activities and programs upon written request and with the mutual agreement of the custodial parent and the school administrative unit.

2. Exemption. This section does not apply to a parent denied parental rights and responsibilities in a court order.

§6001-B. Transfer of education records.

4. Notice to parents and guardians. Prior to the start of the 2000-01 school year and each school year thereafter, a school administrative unit shall send a written notice to parents or guardians of every student enrolled in the school administrative unit that education records must be sent to a school administrative unit to which a student applies for transfer. Beginning with the 2001-2002 school year, an educational program or school for juveniles located in or operated by a correctional facility shall send a written notice to parents, guardians and custodians of every student enrolled in that educational program or school for juveniles located in or operated by the correctional facility that education records must be sent to a school administrative unit to which a student applies for transfer. The notice provided to parents, guardians and custodians must comply with the standards of the federal Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, Public Law 93-380, as amended by Public Law 93-568.

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools.

5. Adoption of Policy. When revising the policies and procedures it has established to address bullying pursuant to section 1001, section 15, paragraph H, a school board shall ensure that its policies and procedures are consistent with the model policy developed or revised by the commissioner pursuant to section 254, subsection 11-A. The policies and procedures must include, but are not limited to:

J. A process for the school to communicate to the parent of a student who has been bullied the measures being taken to ensure the safety of the student who has been bullied and to prevent further acts of bullying;

§6606. Participation in substance abuse services.

In compliance with written school policy adopted by a school board, the school board may require that a student who has been determined to be in violation of school rules governing substance abuse or alcohol or drug possession participate in a substance abuse assessment, education or support group service offered by the school. The school board shall provide for notice to the parents or legal guardian of a student required to participate in such services. If the school board elects to do so, it may request a parent or legal guardian to participate in the services.

REGULATIONS

05-071 CMR 33.7. Notification of incident.

2. Notification to parents

A. An administrator or designee shall notify the parent that physical restraint or seclusion and any related first aid have occurred as soon as practical but within the school day in which the incident occurred, utilizing all available phone numbers and other appropriate means. If the parent is unavailable, a phone message must be left for the parent to contact the school as soon as possible. If a parent does not have access to a phone, the entity must use whatever contact information is available for emergencies. The parent must be informed that written documentation will be provided to them within 7 calendar days.

B. If a restraint or seclusion has occurred outside the school day, notification of the restraint or seclusion and any related first aid must occur as soon as possible in compliance with the entity's procedures for emergency situations

05-071 CMR 33.8. Documentation; Incident report.

1. Incident Report

Each use of physical restraint or seclusion must be documented in an incident report. The incident report must be completed and provided to an administrator or designee as soon as practical after the incident, and in all cases within two school days. At a minimum, the incident report must include:

A. Student name;

B. Age, gender, grade;

C. Location of the incident;

D. Date of incident;

E. Date of report;

F. Person completing the report;

G. Beginning and ending time of each physical restraint and seclusion;

H. Total time of incident;

I. Description of prior events and circumstances;

J. Less restrictive interventions tried prior to the use of physical restraint or seclusion. If none used, explain why;

K. The student behavior that justified the use of physical restraint or seclusion;

L. A detailed description of the physical restraint or seclusion used;

M. The staff person(s) involved, their role in the use of physical restraint or seclusion and their certification, if any, in an approved training program;

N. Description of the incident, including the resolution and process of return to program, if appropriate;

O. Whether the Student has an: a. IEP; b. 504 plan; c. behavior plan; d. IHP; or e. other plan;

P. If a student or staff sustained bodily injury, the date and time of nurse or response personnel notification and the treatment administered, if any;

Q. Date, time, and method of parent notification; and

R. Date, time of staff debriefing.

2. Incident Report Provided to Parents, others

A copy of the incident report must be provided, within 7 calendar days of the incident to:

A. The parent; and

B. If the student is receiving his or her education in an out-of-district placement through a tuition agreement or other agreement, the entity responsible for the student's education.

3. Duration of Incident

For purposes of this Section and Section 9, an "incident" consists of all actions between the time a student begins to create a risk of harm and the time the student ceases to pose a risk of harm and returns to his or her regular programming.

05-071 CMR 128.16. Parental approval of alternative programs.

Regardless of what type of alternative program arrangement-is determined for each individual pupil, local school officials should prepare a form for parents to sign to approve the alternative arrangement. Parents should be included in the total process and should provide evidence to the school officials that they understand what has taken place.

Sub Category
Reporting and referrals between schools and law enforcement
Statute

LAWS

§254. Educational duties.

The commissioner shall have the following educational duties.

12. Technical assistance and statewide standards for reintegration planning. In consultation with juvenile correctional officials, juvenile community corrections officers, organizations representing school boards, school administrators, teachers and parents and other interested local officials and community members, the commissioner shall develop a program of technical assistance and establish statewide standards for reintegration planning and transition services for juvenile offenders who are discharged from juvenile correctional facilities in the State, who have been enrolled in educational programs or schools for juveniles located in or operated by correctional facilities and who are transferring to schools located within local school administrative units in the State. The technical assistance and standards must include, but may not be limited to:

A. Timely presentation of student educational records pursuant to section 6001-B and other appropriate information, including confidential criminal justice information regarding juveniles pursuant to section 1055, subsections 11 and 12;

B. The level and scope of technical assistance to be provided by the department to local school officials and the level and scope of training that local school administrative units must provide to school personnel who may have access to confidential criminal justice information regarding juveniles pursuant to section 1055, subsections 11 and 12; and

C. Annual reporting to the department by superintendents of the number of juvenile offenders who are released or discharged from juvenile correctional facilities in the State and who enroll in schools located within their local school administrative units. The department shall provide forms for reporting.

§1001. Duties of school boards

9-A. Students expelled or suspended under the requirements of the federal Gun-Free Schools Act. The school boards shall adopt a policy for expelling a student who is determined to have brought a firearm, as defined in 18 United States Code, Section 921, to school or to have possessed a firearm at school and for referring the matter to the appropriate local law enforcement agency.

15. Adoption of student code of conduct. With input from educators, administrators, parents, students and community members, they shall adopt a district-wide student code of conduct consistent with the statewide standards for student behavior developed under section 254, subsection 11. The student code of conduct must:

G. Establish guidelines and criteria concerning the appropriate circumstances when the superintendent or the superintendent's designee may provide information to the local police or other appropriate law enforcement authorities regarding an offense that involves violence committed by any person on school grounds or other school property;

§5052-A. Attendance coordinators.

The following provisions apply to attendance coordinators.

3. Duties. The duties of an attendance coordinator include, but are not limited to, the following:

D. Serving as the liaison between the school and the local law enforcement agency in matters pertaining to student absenteeism under section 5001-A.

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools.

5. Adoption of Policy. When revising the policies and procedures it has established to address bullying pursuant to section 1001, section 15, paragraph H, a school board shall ensure that its policies and procedures are consistent with the model policy developed or revised by the commissioner pursuant to section 254, subsection 11-A. The policies and procedures must include, but are not limited to:

K. A process for communicating with a local or state law enforcement agency if the school principal or the superintendent's designee believes that the pursuit of criminal charges or a civil action under the Maine Civil Rights Act is appropriate.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Disclosure of school records
Statute

LAWS

§254. Educational duties.

The commissioner shall have the following educational duties.

12. Technical assistance and statewide standards for reintegration planning. In consultation with juvenile correctional officials, juvenile community corrections officers, organizations representing school boards, school administrators, teachers and parents and other interested local officials and community members, the commissioner shall develop a program of technical assistance and establish statewide standards for reintegration planning and transition services for juvenile offenders who are discharged from juvenile correctional facilities in the State, who have been enrolled in educational programs or schools for juveniles located in or operated by correctional facilities and who are transferring to schools located within local school administrative units in the State. The technical assistance and standards must include, but may not be limited to:

A. Timely presentation of student educational records pursuant to section 6001-B and other appropriate information, including confidential criminal justice information regarding juveniles pursuant to section 1055, subsections 11 and 12;

B. The level and scope of technical assistance to be provided by the department to local school officials and the level and scope of training that local school administrative units must provide to school personnel who may have access to confidential criminal justice information regarding juveniles pursuant to section 1055, subsections 11 and 12; and

C. Annual reporting to the department by superintendents of the number of juvenile offenders who are released or discharged from juvenile correctional facilities in the State and who enroll in schools located within their local school administrative units. The department shall provide forms for reporting.

§6001. Dissemination of information

1.Federal and state law.The provisions of this section, the United States Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, Public Law 93-380, as amended by Public Law 93-568, and the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 United States Code, Section 1400 et seq., as amended, govern the dissemination of education records and personally identifiable information about students in public schools, private schools approved by the department pursuant to chapter 117 and private schools recognized by the department as providing equivalent instruction pursuant to section 5001-A, subsection 3, paragraph A, subparagraph (1), division (b), as well as written notices of intent to provide equivalent instruction through home instruction and all education records of students receiving equivalent instruction through home instruction.

2. Internet restrictions. A public school may not publish on the Internet or provide for publication on the Internet any personal information about its students without first obtaining the written approval of those students' parents. For the purpose of this section, "personal information" means information that identifies a student, including, but not limited to, the student's full name, photograph, personal biography, e-mail address, home address, date of birth, social security number and parents' names.

3.Dissemination of education records to criminal justice agencies. A school may disseminate education records as defined in 20 United States Code, Section 1232 g(a)(4) regarding a juvenile if:

A. The juvenile has not been adjudicated as having committed a juvenile crime;

B. The education records are disseminated to:

(1) Criminal justice agencies; or

(2) Agencies that by court order or agreement of the juvenile are responsible for the health or welfare of the juvenile and that have provided the school with a statement describing the purpose of the dissemination; and

C. The education records are relevant to and disseminated for the purpose of creating or maintaining an individualized plan for the juvenile's rehabilitation.

Education records received under this subsection are confidential and may not be further disseminated, except to the court or as otherwise provided by law. The persons to whom the education records are disseminated shall certify in writing to the school that the records will not be disclosed to any other party, except the court or as otherwise provided by law, without the written consent of the juvenile or the juvenile's parent or guardian.

§6001-B. Transfer of education records.

1. Education records must follow students who transfer. Education records must follow students who transfer to a school in another school administrative unit in the State. The education records of students who transfer from educational programs or schools for juveniles located in or operated by correctional facilities or out-of-state schools are also subject to this requirement. For a student who experiences education disruption, as defined in section 5161, subsection 9, the sending school shall send or electronically transfer pertinent records, including but not limited to academic and health information records, to the receiving school or educational program no later than 5 school days after the student enrolls in the receiving school or educational program.

2. Transfer of records. Upon application of a student to transfer to another school administrative unit in this State or to enroll at a school administrative unit in this State from an educational program or school for juveniles located in or operated by a correctional facility or a school outside of the State, and upon the written request of the superintendent of the school administrative unit into which the student seeks admission, school administrators at the school administrative unit from which the student is transferring shall provide all of the student's education records, including disciplinary records, attendance records, health records other than confidential health records for which consent for dissemination has not been obtained and special education records, to school administrators at the school administrative unit to which the student is seeking a transfer. Confidential health records may be provided under this subsection only if the school administrator at the school administrative unit from which the student is transferring receives the authorization or consent necessary for the dissemination of information contained in the following records:

A. Records concerning information on a person's HIV infection status, including the results of an HIV test, as those records are described in Title 5, section 19203-D;

B. Records concerning information on a person's alcohol and other drug abuse treatment as those records are described in Title 5, section 20047;

C. Records concerning information on a person's health care and treatment as those records are described in Title 22, section 1711-C; and

D. Records concerning information on a person's mental health treatment as those records are described in Title 34-B, section 1207.

3. Determination of disciplinary status of student applying for transfer; discretion of school to accept student. At the request of the superintendent of the school administrative unit into which a student seeks admission, the student's current or former school administrators shall provide, in a timely fashion, an oral or written report to the receiving school administrative unit indicating whether the student has been expelled or suspended or is the subject of an expulsion or suspension proceeding. In the case of a student who has been expelled or suspended or is the subject of an expulsion or suspension proceeding, the receiving school administrative unit may deny admission or participation in public school programs, facilities or activities as part of an equivalent instruction program pursuant to section 5021 until the school administrative unit is satisfied that the conditions of the expulsion or suspension have been met.

3-A. Determination of status of juvenile applying for admission; discretion of school to accept juvenile. If the receiving school administrative unit receives information under Title 15, section 3308, subsection 7, paragraph B-1, subparagraph (3) and Title 34-A, section 1216, subsection 1, paragraph F that a student is not in compliance with a condition of an individualized plan for the juvenile's rehabilitation and that condition is relevant to the juvenile's reintegration into the school, the receiving school administrative unit may deny admission or participation in public school programs, facilities or activities as part of an equivalent instruction program pursuant to section 5021 until the school administrative unit is satisfied that the condition has been met.

4. Notice to parents and guardians. Prior to the start of the 2000-01 school year and each school year thereafter, a school administrative unit shall send a written notice to parents or guardians of every student enrolled in the school administrative unit that education records must be sent to a school administrative unit to which a student applies for transfer. Beginning with the 2001-2002 school year, an educational program or school for juveniles located in or operated by a correctional facility shall send a written notice to parents, guardians and custodians of every student enrolled in that educational program or school for juveniles located in or operated by the correctional facility that education records must be sent to a school administrative unit to which a student applies for transfer. The notice provided to parents, guardians and custodians must comply with the standards of the federal Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, Public Law 93-380, as amended by Public Law 93-568.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Data collection, review, and reporting of disciplinary policies and actions
Statute

LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

9-C. Reentry for students after expulsion.

(8) The superintendent shall annually report data on the number of students who are expelled from school and the number of students who are readmitted to school after expulsion to the commissioner's consultant on truancy, dropouts and alternative education under section 5151.

§1055. Superintendent; powers and duties.

2. INSPECT SCHOOLS; ANNUAL REPORT. The superintendent is responsible for:

A. Inspecting the schools and reviewing the operating rules, the discipline and the proficiency of the students;

§5051-A. Truancy

3. Reports. This subsection applies to reports of truancy.

A. A superintendent shall submit an annual report to the commissioner before October 1st. The report must:

(1) Identify the number of truants in the school administrative unit in the preceding school year;

(2) Describe the unit's efforts to deal with truancy;

(3) Account for actions brought under this section including the number of truants reported to the student assistance team or the school personnel designated by the superintendent in accordance with the school administrative unit's intervention system under section 4710; and

(4) Include any other information on truancy requested by the commissioner.

B. The commissioner shall submit an annual report to the Governor and the Legislature before January 15th. The report must aggregate the information provided by superintendents under paragraph A and must evaluate the effect of state laws on the incidence of truancy.

§5052-A. Attendance coordinators.

The following provisions apply to attendance coordinators.

3. Duties. The duties of an attendance coordinator include, but are not limited to, the following:

B. Filing an annual report with the superintendent summarizing school year activities, findings and recommendations regarding truants;

§6554. Prohibition on bullying in public schools.

5. Adoption of Policy. When revising the policies and procedures it has established to address bullying pursuant to section 1001, section 15, paragraph H, a school board shall ensure that its policies and procedures are consistent with the model policy developed or revised by the commissioner pursuant to section 254, subsection 11-A. The policies and procedures must include, but are not limited to:

F. A procedure for promptly investigating and responding to incidents of bullying, including written documentation or reported incidents and the outcome of the investigations;

8. Transparency and monitoring. Each school administrative unit shall file its policies to address bullying and cyberbullying with the department.

REGULATIONS

05-071 CMR 33.10. Cumulative reporting.

1. Building-level reporting, analysis

A cumulative report by building must be made to the superintendent or chief administrator on a quarterly and annual basis to include:

A. Aggregate number of uses of physical restraint;

B. Aggregate number of students placed in physical restraint;

C. Aggregate number of uses of seclusion;

D. Aggregate number of students placed in seclusion;

E. Aggregate number of serious bodily injuries to students related to the use of restraint and seclusions; and

F. Aggregate number of serious bodily injuries to staff related to physical restraint and seclusion.

The superintendent or chief administrator shall review cumulative reports received as set forth in this section and identify those areas that can be addressed to reduce the future use of physical restraint and seclusion. These cumulative reports may be requested by the Department of Education at any time.

2. Reporting Data to the Department of Education

Each covered entity shall submit to the Department of Education an annual report of the incidence of physical restraint and seclusion that must include:

A. Aggregate number of uses of physical restraint;

B. Aggregate number of students placed in physical restraint;

C. Aggregate number of uses of seclusion;

D. Aggregate number of students in placed in seclusion;

E. Aggregate number of serious bodily injuries to students related to physical restraint and seclusion; and

F. Aggregate number of serious bodily injuries to staff related to physical restraint and seclusion.

Major Category
School Resource and Safety Officers (SROs/SSOs) and Truant/Attendance Officers
Sub Category
Authority and power to implement school arrest
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Certification or training
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
MOUs, authorization, and/or funding
Statute

LAWS

§5052-A. Attendance coordinators.

The following provisions apply to attendance coordinators.

1. Appointment. The following provisions apply to the appointment of attendance coordinators.

A. A superintendent shall appoint an attendance coordinator or coordinators.

B. Vacancies must be filled as they occur.

2. Qualifications. An attendance coordinator must be a professionally certified or registered person in the mental health, social welfare or educational system who is qualified to carry out the duties in accordance with rules to be established by the State Board of Education.

3. Duties. The duties of an attendance coordinator include, but are not limited to, the following:

A. Interviewing a student whose attendance is irregular and meeting with the student and the parents to determine the cause of the irregular attendance and filing a written report with the principal;

B. Filing an annual report with the superintendent summarizing school year activities, findings and recommendations regarding truants;

C. Serving as a member of the dropout prevention committee in accordance with section 5103; and

D. Serving as the liaison between the school and the local law enforcement agency in matters pertaining to student absenteeism under section 5001-A.

4. Department assistance. The department shall provide technical assistance to school attendance coordinators for carrying out these duties, through the Office of Truancy, Dropout Prevention and Alternative Education.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Major Category
State Education Agency Support
Sub Category
State model policies and implementation support
Statute

LAWS

§254. Educational duties.

The commissioner shall have the following educational duties.

11-A. Model policy; reporting. By January 1, 2013, the commissioner shall develop a model policy to address bullying and cyberbullying for use by school administrative units pursuant to section 6554. A copy of the model policy must be sent to each school administrative unit in the State and posted on the publicly accessible portion of the department's website along with any training and instructional materials related to the policy that the commissioner determines necessary.

A. The commissioner shall create a procedure by which school administrative units report substantiated incidents of bullying and cyberbullying to the department on at least an annual basis. These reports may not contain personally identifying information about students or other involved persons, but must delineate the specific nature of the incidents, the consequences and the actions taken.

B. The commissioner may update or revise the model policy and shall post the update or revision on the publicly accessible portion of the department's website and send a copy of the update or revision to each school administrative unit.

18. Model policy; child sexual abuse prevention. The commissioner shall develop a model policy for child sexual abuse prevention education and response that may be used for public preschool programs operated in compliance with chapter 203, subchapter 3 and for all students enrolled in kindergarten to grade 5.

A. No later than July 1, 2016, the commissioner, in consultation with the Department of Health and Human Services, organizations that have expertise in child sexual abuse prevention education and organizations representing school boards, administrators, teachers and parents, shall develop a model policy based on nationally recognized best practices that includes:

(1) Child sexual abuse response and reporting procedures;

(2) Child sexual abuse awareness training and prevention education for school personnel;

(3) Age-appropriate child sexual abuse prevention education for students, aligned to the system of learning results established pursuant to section 6209 and delivered by qualified instructors;

(4) School response and reporting procedures; and

(5) Resources a victim of child sexual abuse or nonoffending caregivers of a victim of child sexual abuse may access for services and support.

B. The department shall offer technical assistance to school administrative units that operate a public preschool program or an elementary school to aid in the establishment of a local child sexual abuse prevention education and response policy that is consistent with the model policy developed under paragraph A.

C. The department shall send a copy of the model policy developed under paragraph A to each school administrative unit in the State and post the model policy on the publicly accessible portion of the department's website along with any related resources that the commissioner determines necessary.

§5052-A. Attendance coordinators.

The following provisions apply to attendance coordinators.

4. Department assistance. The department shall provide technical assistance to school attendance coordinators for carrying out these duties, through the Office of Truancy, Dropout Prevention and Alternative Education.

§5151. Technical assistance for truants, dropout prevention and reintegration and alternative education.

The commissioner shall provide technical assistance regarding truancy, dropouts and reintegration and alternative education programs. To do this, the commissioner shall employ at least one consultant whose sole responsibility is to cover the area of truancy, dropouts and alternative education.

1. Qualifications. Any consultant must be knowledgeable in the problems of truancy, dropouts and reintegration and policies and programs pertaining to the problems and have this as the consultant's sole responsibility.

2. Duties. The consultant shall:

A. Provide technical assistance to school administrative units and private schools approved for tuition purposes to establish alternative education programs;

B. Develop screening tools for early identification of potential dropouts;

C. Act as a clearinghouse for information on alternative education programs in the State, on exemplary programs in other states and on research pertaining to the subject, and promote effective programs;

D. Function as a liaison among the commissioner, department staff, advisory committee and school administrative units and private schools as it pertains to truants, dropouts and reintegration, alternative education programs, alternative learning and adult education;

E. Develop model curricula and programs for alternative education schools and programs;

F. Assess and provide for the evaluation of alternative education programs consistent with the standards established by the commissioner;

G. Develop training programs for superintendents, principals and school attendance officers to improve effectiveness in performance of their duties as pertains to truants, dropouts and reintegration and alternative education programs;

H. Develop and submit a plan on behalf of the commissioner for the joint standing committee of the Legislature having jurisdiction over education and the state board on the prevalence of truancy and dropouts, assess alternative and adult education programs and prepare positive strategies to prevent and remedy the problems identified, including reintegration planning for juvenile offenders who have been released from juvenile facilities and are enrolling in schools in the State;

I. Have the responsibility for preventive programs and alternative education programs;

J. Collect data on the scope of the dropout and truancy problem in the State, including data on the number of students who are expelled from school and the number who are readmitted to school after expulsion;

K. Evaluate the scope of the problem of dropouts and truants and programs and policies directed to meet it, including reintegration planning and aftercare services provided for juvenile offenders who have been released from juvenile facilities and have enrolled in schools in the State;

L. Provide staff services to the advisory committee; and

M. Plan and coordinate programs and grant writing to stimulate programs and research on the problem of dropouts, truants, alternative education, alternative learning and adult education.

§6605. Department role

1. Personnel. The commissioner shall appoint, subject to the Civil Service Law, supervisors and consultants knowledgeable in the area of substance abuse.

2. Technical assistance. The department, through its supervisors and consultants, shall offer technical assistance to public and approved private schools and cooperating community-based organizations to aid in the establishment and implementation of school-based substance abuse programs and health education curricula.

3. Cooperation; coordination. The department shall carry out its planning activities related to alcohol and drug education and prevention subject to coordination with the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Planning Committee.

4. Information collection and sharing. The Department of Education shall be authorized to gather information about substance abuse prevention and intervention programs initiated by state or federal agencies whose efforts are directed toward private and public schools of the State, for the purpose of sharing that information with school administrative units.

REGULATIONS

05-071 CMR 33.13: Department of education non-regulatory guidance.

The Department shall annually ensure that teachers and administrators throughout the State are provided with consistent and accurate information regarding the requirements of this rule.

Sub Category
Funding appropriations
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Major Category
Other/Uncategorized
Sub Category
Professional immunity or liability
Statute

LAWS

§4009. Civil liability.

The following provisions apply to civil liability.

1. Reasonable force. A teacher or other person entrusted with the care or supervision of a person for special or limited purposes may not be held civilly liable for the use of a reasonable degree of force against the person who creates a disturbance if the teacher or other person reasonably believes it is necessary to:

A. Control the disturbing behavior; or

B. Remove the person from the scene of the disturbance.

2. Exceptions. Subsection 1 shall not apply to the intentional or reckless use of force that creates a substantial risk of death, serious bodily injury or extraordinary pain.

3. Effect on civil liability. This section may not be construed to increase the scope of potential civil liability of a teacher or other person entrusted with the care or supervision of a person for special or limited purposes.

4. Emergency medical treatment. Notwithstanding any other provision of any public or private and special law, any nonlicensed agent or employee of a school or school administrative unit who renders first aid, emergency treatment or rescue assistance to a student during a school program may not be held liable for injuries alleged to have been sustained by that student or for the death of that student alleged to have occurred as a result of an act or omission in rendering such aid, treatment or assistance. This subsection does not apply to injuries or death caused willfully, wantonly or recklessly or by gross negligence on the part of the agent or employee.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Community input or involvement
Statute

LAWS

§254. Educational duties.

The commissioner shall have the following educational duties.

16. Parental involvement initiatives. The commissioner shall strongly encourage each school board to adopt local procedures for implementing a districtwide parental involvement initiative as school board policy in accordance with section 255, subsection 6.

§255. School administrative unit; reports, records, information.

6. Parental involvement initiatives; post. Beginning with the 2013-2014 school year, a school administrative unit that adopts a parental involvement initiative may submit a copy of that initiative to the department, and the commissioner shall post that initiative on the department's publicly accessible website. The commissioner also shall post on the department's publicly accessible website links to the publicly accessible websites of those school administrative units that have chosen to adopt districtwide parental involvement initiatives as school board policy and that have submitted those initiatives to the department.

§5102. Definitions.

As used in this subchapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, a "dropout" means any person who has withdrawn for any reason except death, or been expelled from school before graduation or completion of a program of studies and who has not enrolled in another educational institution or program.

§5103. Dropout prevention committee.

The following provisions apply to the dropout prevention committee.

1. Committee. Each superintendent, with school board approval, shall annually establish a separate dropout prevention committee for each individual school unit under the superintendent's supervision. 2. Membership. The dropout prevention committee shall be composed of the following members:

A. A member of the school board selected by that board;

B. A school administrator selected by the superintendent;

C. A teacher and a school counselor selected by the school administrative unit's teacher organization;

D. A parent selected by the unit's organized parent group, or, if no organized parent group exists, by the school board;

E. A school attendance coordinator from the district selected by the superintendent;

F. A high school student selected by the dropout prevention committee members selected in paragraphs A to E;

G. A dropout selected by the dropout prevention committee members selected in paragraphs A to E; and

H. A community resident of the district selected by the dropout prevention committee members selected in paragraphs A to E. A dropout prevention committee may increase its membership by majority vote.

3. Terms and vacancies. Members shall serve in accordance with policy established by the school board.

4. Chair. The dropout prevention committee shall select a chair from among its members.

5. Responsibilities. The following provisions apply to responsibilities of the dropout prevention committee.

A. The dropout prevention committee shall:

(1) Study the problem of dropouts and truancy and the need for alternative education programs, kindergarten to grade 12;

(2) Make recommendations for addressing the problems; and

(3) Submit a plan of action to the school board, in accordance with section 4502, subsection 5, paragraph L-1.

B. The dropout prevention committee shall consider the following when developing its plan:

(1) Reasons why students drop out of school;

(2) Maintenance of continuing contacts with recent dropouts in order to extend opportunities for alternative education programs, counseling and referral;

(3) Education of teachers and administrators about the dropout problem;

(4) Use of human services programs to help dropouts;

(5) The school administrative unit's policies on suspension, expulsion and other disciplinary action; and

(6) Discriminatory practices and attitudes within the school administrative unit.

C.

6. Annual report. The dropout prevention committee shall meet at least annually to review its plan and to make recommendations to the school board.

7. Department assistance. The department shall provide technical assistance to a dropout prevention committee on request to the Office of Truancy, Dropout Prevention and Alternative Education.

§5152. Advisory committee.

1. Commissioner. The commissioner shall appoint an advisory committee on truancy, dropouts and alternative education.

2. Duties of the advisory committee, as appointed by the commissioner. The advisory committee shall advise the commissioner on the development and implementation of state and local policies and programs that are needed to deal effectively with the incidence of truancy and dropouts in state schools. The committee should consider its mandate in a broad context to assess the causes of truancy and dropouts, the effectiveness of alternative education and prevention programs and the social and educational programs or changes needed to encourage students to remain in school, including reintegration planning and aftercare services provided for juvenile offenders who have been released from juvenile facilities in the State and have enrolled in schools in the State.

3. Membership. The advisory committee must have a broad membership reflecting the range of individuals and public and private institutions that are involved or interested in the problem and its solution. It must include representation from each of the following:

A. Teachers;

B. Elementary school principals;

C. Secondary school principals;

D. Guidance counselors;

E. Adult education teachers with experience in high school completion education;

F. Superintendents;

G. Administrators from private schools involved in alternative education programs;

H. Department of Health and Human Services;

I. [2005, c. 397, Pt. A, §16 (RP).]

J. Department of Corrections;

K. Department of Labor;

L. A local positive action committee on truancy, dropout and alternative education programs;

M. Representatives from the business community; and

N. Other individuals who the commissioner feels will contribute to the development of effective policies and programs.

Two of the representatives in paragraphs A to D must be directly involved in alternative education programs. There may be no more than 15 members on the committee.

4. Term of office. The members of the advisory committee shall serve for 2 years and may be reappointed.

5. Expenses. Members of the advisory committee shall be reimbursed for expenses only for attending meetings or performing other functions authorized by the committee.

6. Annual reports. The committee shall report annually by February 1st to the joint standing committee of the Legislature having jurisdiction over education.

§6604. Substance abuse programs.

1. Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings:

A. "Chemical health coordinator" means a person who serves as the coordinator of a local school administrative unit's chemical primary and secondary prevention and education program.

2. Local programs. School units may institute special programs to address health and related problems.

To further these objectives, school units may employ specialized personnel such as chemical health coordinators and others knowledgeable in the field of substance abuse and may cooperate with public and private agencies in substance abuse education, prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation referral and related programs.

§6605. Department role

1. Personnel. The commissioner shall appoint, subject to the Civil Service Law, supervisors and consultants knowledgeable in the area of substance abuse.

2. Technical assistance. The department, through its supervisors and consultants, shall offer technical assistance to public and approved private schools and cooperating community-based organizations to aid in the establishment and implementation of school-based substance abuse programs and health education curricula.

3. Cooperation; coordination. The department shall carry out its planning activities related to alcohol and drug education and prevention subject to coordination with the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Planning Committee.

4. Information collection and sharing. The Department of Education shall be authorized to gather information about substance abuse prevention and intervention programs initiated by state or federal agencies whose efforts are directed toward private and public schools of the State, for the purpose of sharing that information with school administrative units.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

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LAWS

§1001. Duties of school boards.

9-D. Professional services after expulsion for a child with a disability. Nothing in subsection 9-C may be interpreted to require payment from the parents of an expelled student for professional services determined by the superintendent to be necessary to establish the student's readiness to return to school if:

A. The student is a child with a disability who has been determined to be eligible for a free, appropriate public education in accordance with 34 Code of Federal Regulations, Section 300.530, Paragraph (d); or

B. The school administrative unit did not have knowledge that the student was a child with a disability prior to taking disciplinary measures against the student and, based on a subsequent evaluation, the student is determined to be a child with a disability who is eligible for a free, appropriate public education in accordance with 34 Code of Federal Regulations, Section 300.534, Paragraph (d).

§4511. Accreditation requirements

3. Specific requirements. In addition to standards that are adopted in subsection 1, accreditation standards shall include, but not be limited to, the following.

A. The school has a clearly written statement reflective of the needs, beliefs and values of the school community. It is supported by stated goals and objectives and is consistent with the district's philosophy.

B. The school is effectively managed and provides leadership that promotes the achievement of educational excellence.

C. The school demonstrates evidence of a well planned and periodically evaluated curriculum which has consistently resulted in exemplary educational programming.

D. The school demonstrates a carefully coordinated effort to provide instructional processes which have consistently resulted in a learning environment which promotes excellence. A variety of instructional techniques is used by a majority of the teachers.

E. The school has a carefully planned staff development program guided by sound educational theory that promotes exemplary practices.

F. The school has a climate which promotes individual self-esteem, high expectations for achievement and a positive attitude toward learning.

G. The school has a collaboratively planned community relations program which promotes close cooperation between the school and the community toward the achievement of the school's goals and objectives.

H. The school facility offers an effective setting for the delivery of high quality programs and services.

§5401. Transportation.

12. Safety. Transportation provided shall conserve the comfort, safety and welfare of the students conveyed. A responsible driver shall be in charge of the vehicle and shall have control over the conduct of the students while they are transported.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

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