North Dakota

To view this state’s school discipline laws and regulations, scroll to a subcategory of interest and select “Laws and Regulations.”

Regulation Set
Major Category
General Provisions
Sub Category
Authority to develop and establish rules of conduct
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-02. Corporal punishment -- Prohibition -- Consistent policies

4.a. The board of each school district shall develop policies setting forth standards for student behavior, procedures to be followed if the standards are not met, and guidelines detailing how all incidents are to be investigated.

b. The board shall ensure that the policies, procedures, and guidelines applicable to all elementary schools in the district are identical, that the policies, procedures, and guidelines applicable to all middle schools in the district are identical, and that the policies, procedures, and guidelines applicable to all high schools in the district are identical.

15.1-19-09. Students -- Suspension and expulsion–Rules

1. The board of a school district shall adopt rules regarding the suspension and expulsion of a student. The rules for expulsion must provide for a procedural due process hearing in the manner provided for in subsection 2 of section 15.1-19-10, before the determination to expel a student is made. A student's parent or representative must be allowed to participate in the expulsion hearing.

15.1-19-10. Possession of a weapon–Policy–Expulsion from school

1. The board of each school district shall adopt a policy governing the possession of weapons and firearms on school property or at a school function and provide for the punishment of any student found to be in violation of the policy.

15.1-19-11. School safety patrols -- Establishment -- Adoption of rules.

The board of a school district or the governing body of a nonpublic school may authorize a school principal or administrator to establish a safety patrol and to appoint students to the safety patrol. Any student enrolled in grade five or higher is eligible for appointment to a safety patrol, provided the student's parent has filed written permission with the school principal or administrator. The superintendent of public instruction shall adopt rules to guide safety patrol members in the conduct of their duties and shall specify the identification to be worn and the signals to be used by safety patrol members while on duty.

15.1-19-18. Bullying–Prohibition by policy

1. Before July 1, 2012, each school district shall adopt a policy providing that while at a public school, on school district premises, in a district owned or leased school bus or school vehicle, or at any public school or school district sanctioned or sponsored activity or event, a student may not:

a. Engage in bullying; or

b. Engage in reprisal or retaliation against:

(1) A victim of bullying;

(2) An individual who witnesses an alleged act of bullying;

(3) An individual who reports an alleged act of bullying; or

(4) An individual who provides information about an alleged act of bullying.

2. The policy required by this section must:

a. Include a definition of bullying that at least encompasses the conduct described in section 15.1-19-17;

b. Establish procedures for reporting and documenting alleged acts of bullying, reprisal, or retaliation, and include procedures for anonymous reporting of such acts;

c. Establish procedures, including timelines, for school district personnel to follow in investigating reports of alleged bullying, reprisal, or retaliation;

d. Establish a schedule for the retention of any documents generated while investigating reports of alleged bullying, reprisal, or retaliation;

e. Set forth the disciplinary measures applicable to an individual who engaged in bullying or who engaged in reprisal or retaliation, as set forth in subsection 1;

f. Require the notification of law enforcement personnel if an investigation by school district personnel results in a reasonable suspicion that a crime might have occurred;

g. Establish strategies to protect a victim of bullying, reprisal, or retaliation; and

h. Establish disciplinary measures to be imposed upon an individual who makes a false accusation, report, or complaint pertaining to bullying, reprisal, or retaliation.

3. In developing the bullying policy required by this section, a school district shall involve parents, school district employees, volunteers, students, school district administrators, law enforcement personnel, domestic violence sexual assault organizations as defined by subsection 3 of section 14-07.1-01, and community representatives.

4. Upon completion of the policy required by this section, a school district shall:

a. Ensure that the policy is explained to and discussed with its students;

b. File a copy of the policy with the superintendent of public instruction; and

c. Make the policy available in student and personnel handbooks.

5. Each school district shall review and revise its policy as it determines necessary and shall file a copy of the revised policy with the superintendent of public instruction.

15.1-30-13. Transportation of students -- Control and discipline.

The driver of a vehicle used to transport students under a contract as provided in this chapter is under the supervision and direction of the school board, the school district superintendent, the school principal, and the teachers of the school while the driver is on duty. The disciplinary authority of the school exists while a student is being transported, by or on behalf of the student's school, and the driver of the vehicle is charged with exercising control and discipline during the transportation.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Scope
Statute

LAWS

15.1-30-13. Transportation of students -- Control and discipline.

The driver of a vehicle used to transport students under a contract as provided in this chapter is under the supervision and direction of the school board, the school district superintendent, the school principal, and the teachers of the school while the driver is on duty. The disciplinary authority of the school exists while a student is being transported, by or on behalf of the student's school, and the driver of the vehicle is charged with exercising control and discipline during the transportation.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Communication of policy
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-18. Bullying–Prohibition by policy

4. Upon completion of the policy required by this section, a school district shall:

a. Ensure that the policy is explained to and discussed with its students;

b. File a copy of the policy with the superintendent of public instruction; and

c. Make the policy available in student and personnel handbooks.

15.1-20-03.2. Truancy prevention and intervention programs–Resources

The superintendent of public instruction shall disseminate to school districts and nonpublic schools information regarding truancy prevention and intervention programs and research pertaining to best practices in truancy prevention efforts.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Major Category
In-School Discipline
Sub Category
Use of multi-tiered discipline approaches
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Teacher authority to remove students from classrooms
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Alternatives to suspension
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Use of corporal punishment
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-02. Corporal punishment -- Prohibition -- Consistent policies

1. A school district employee may not inflict, cause to be inflicted, or threaten to inflict corporal punishment on a student.

2. This section does not prohibit a school district employee from using the degree of force necessary:

a. To quell a physical disturbance that threatens physical injury to an individual or damage to property;

b. To quell a verbal disturbance;

c. For self-defense;

d. For the preservation of order; or

e. To obtain possession of a weapon or other dangerous object within the control of a student.

3. For purposes of this section, corporal punishment means the willful infliction of physical pain on a student; willfully causing the infliction of physical pain on a student; or willfully allowing the infliction of physical pain on a student. Physical pain or discomfort caused by athletic competition or other recreational activities voluntarily engaged in by a student is not corporal punishment. A school board may not expand through policy the definition of corporal punishment beyond that provided by this subsection.

4.a. The board of each school district shall develop policies setting forth standards for student behavior, procedures to be followed if the standards are not met, and guidelines detailing how all incidents are to be investigated.

b. The board shall ensure that the policies, procedures, and guidelines applicable to all elementary schools in the district are identical, that the policies, procedures, and guidelines applicable to all middle schools in the district are identical, and that the policies, procedures, and guidelines applicable to all high schools in the district are identical.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Use of student and locker searches
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Other in-school disciplinary approaches
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Major Category
Out-of-School and Exclusionary Discipline: Suspension,Expulsion, Restraint and Seclusion, and Alternative Placements
Sub Category
Grounds for possible suspension or expulsion
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-09. Students -- Suspension and expulsion–Rules

2. A student may be suspended for up to ten days for insubordination, habitual indolence, disorderly conduct, or for violating a school district weapons policy.

3. A student enrolled in an alternative education program for which state per student payments are available may be suspended for up to twenty days for insubordination, habitual indolence, disorderly conduct, or for violating a school district weapons policy.

4. A student, including one enrolled in an alternative education program, may be expelled from school for insubordination, habitual indolence, or disorderly conduct; provided the expulsion does not last beyond the termination of the current school year. A student who violates the school district's weapons policy may be expelled for up to twelve months.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Grounds for mandatory suspension or expulsion
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-10. Possession of a weapon -- Policy -- Expulsion from school

1. The board of each school district shall adopt a policy governing the possession of weapons and firearms on school property or at a school function and provide for the punishment of any student found to be in violation of the policy.

2. The policy must prohibit the possession of a weapon or a firearm by a student on school property and at school functions and provide for the punishment of any student found to be in violation. Punishment must include immediate suspension from school and expulsion. A student who possesses a firearm in violation of this section must be expelled for at least one year. The school district firearms policy must authorize the school district superintendent or the school principal, if the school district does not have a superintendent, to modify an expulsion for firearms possession under this section on a case-by-case basis in accordance with criteria established by the board. Before expelling a student, a school board or its designated hearing officer, within ten days of the student's suspension, shall provide the student with a hearing at which time the school board or its designated hearing officer shall take testimony and consider evidence, including the existence of mitigating circumstances. If a designated hearing officer orders that a student be expelled, the student may seek a review of the decision by the school board, based on the record of the expulsion hearing.

3. If a school district expels a student under this section, the district may authorize the provision of educational services to the student in an alternative setting.

4. Actions under this section may not conflict with state special education laws or with the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act

5. This section does not apply to any student participating in a school-sponsored shooting sport, provided the student informs the school principal of the student's participation and the student complies with all requirements set by the principal regarding the safe handling and storage of the firearm.

6. For purposes of this section:

a. "Firearm" has the meaning provided in Public Law No. 90-351 [82 Stat. 197; 18 U.S.C. 921].

b. "School property" includes all land within the perimeter of the school site and all school buildings, structures, facilities, and school vehicles, whether owned or leased by a school district, and the site of any school-sponsored event or activity.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Limitations, conditions, or exclusions for use of suspension and expulsion
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Administrative procedures related to suspension and expulsion
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-09. Students -- Suspension and expulsion–Rules

1. The board of a school district shall adopt rules regarding the suspension and expulsion of a student. The rules for expulsion must provide for a procedural due process hearing in the manner provided for in subsection 2 of section 15.1-19-10, before the determination to expel a student is made. A student's parent or representative must be allowed to participate in the expulsion hearing.

15.1-19-10. Possession of a weapon -- Policy -- Expulsion from school

2. [...] The school district firearms policy must authorize the school district superintendent or the school principal, if the school district does not have a superintendent, to modify an expulsion for firearms possession under this section on a case-by-case basis in accordance with criteria established by the board. Before expelling a student, a school board or its designated hearing officer, within ten days of the student's suspension, shall provide the student with a hearing at which time the school board or its designated hearing officer shall take testimony and consider evidence, including the existence of mitigating circumstances. If a designated hearing officer orders that a student be expelled, the student may seek a review of the decision by the school board, based on the record of the expulsion hearing.

3. If a school district expels a student under this section, the district may authorize the provision of educational services to the student in an alternative setting.

4. Actions under this section may not conflict with state special education laws or with the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act

5. This section does not apply to any student participating in a school-sponsored shooting sport, provided the student informs the school principal of the student's participation and the student complies with all requirements set by the principal regarding the safe handling and storage of the firearm.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
In-school suspension
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Return to school following removal
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Use of restraint and seclusion
Statute

LAWS

25-01.2-01. Definitions

In this chapter, unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires:

1. "Developmental disability" means a severe, chronic disability of a person which:

a. Is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination of mental and physical impairments;

b. Is manifested before the person attains age twenty-two;

c. Is likely to continue indefinitely;

d. Results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following areas of major life activity:

(1) Self-care;

(2) Receptive and expressive language;

(3) Learning;

(4) Mobility;

(5) Self-direction;

(6) Capacity for independent living; and

(7) Economic sufficiency; and

e. Reflects the person's needs for a combination and sequence of special, interdisciplinary, or generic care, treatment, or other services which are of lifelong or extended duration and are individually planned and coordinated.

2. "Institution or facility" means any school, hospital, residence center, group home, or any other facility operated by any public or private agency, organization, or institution, which provides services to developmentally disabled persons.

3. "Least restrictive appropriate setting" means that setting which allows the developmentally disabled person to develop and realize the person's fullest potential and enhances the person's ability to cope with the person's environment without unnecessarily curtailing fundamental personal liberties.

4. "Service or services for developmentally disabled persons" means services provided by any public or private agency, organization, or institution, directed toward the alleviation of a developmental disability or toward the social, personal, physical, or economic habilitation or rehabilitation of a developmentally disabled person.

25-01.2-09. Punishment–Isolation–Physical restraints–Psychosurgery–Sterilization–Shock treatment.

No person receiving services at any institution or facility for the developmentally disabled may at any time:

1. Be subjected to any corporal punishment.

2. Be isolated or secluded, except in emergency situations when necessary for the control of violent, disturbed, or depressed behavior which may immediately result, or has resulted, in harm to that person or other persons.

3. Be physically restrained in any manner, except in emergency situations when necessary for the control of violent, disturbed, or depressed behavior which may immediately result, or has resulted, in harm to that person or to other persons.

4. Be subjected to psychosurgery, sterilization, medical behavioral research, or pharmacological research, except in conformity with an order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Under no circumstances may a person receiving treatment be subjected to hazardous or intrusive experimental research which is not directly related to the specific goals of that person's treatment program.

5. Be subjected to electroconvulsive therapy or shock treatment without that person's written and informed consent. If the recipient of services is a minor, the recipient's parent or guardian may provide informed consent for that treatment which the parent or guardian believes to be in the recipient's best interests.

25-01.2-10. Seclusion or physical restraint–Facility administrator to be notified

Whenever a person is placed in seclusion or is physically restrained, the facility administrator or the administrator's representative must be notified and shall determine if the isolation or restraint is necessary. The isolation or restraint may be continued only upon written order of the administrator or the administrator's representative and for a period of not more than twenty-four hours. Any person who is in seclusion or who is physically restrained must be checked by an attendant at least once every thirty minutes.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Alternative placements
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-09. Students -- Suspension and expulsion–Rules

3. A student enrolled in an alternative education program for which state per student payments are available may be suspended for up to twenty days for insubordination, habitual indolence, disorderly conduct, or for violating a school district weapons policy.

4. A student, including one enrolled in an alternative education program, may be expelled from school for insubordination, habitual indolence, or disorderly conduct; provided the expulsion does not last beyond the termination of the current school year. A student who violates the school district's weapons policy may be expelled for up to twelve months.

15.1-19-10. Possession of a weapon -- Policy -- Expulsion from school

3. If a school district expels a student under this section, the district may authorize the provision of educational services to the student in an alternative setting.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Major Category
Disciplinary Approaches Addressing Specific Infractions and Conditions
Sub Category
Firearms (as required by the Guns-Free Schools Act)
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-10. Possession of a weapon -- Policy -- Expulsion from school

1. The board of each school district shall adopt a policy governing the possession of weapons and firearms on school property or at a school function and provide for the punishment of any student found to be in violation of the policy.

2. The policy must prohibit the possession of a weapon or a firearm by a student on school property and at school functions and provide for the punishment of any student found to be in violation. Punishment must include immediate suspension from school and expulsion. A student who possesses a firearm in violation of this section must be expelled for at least one year. The school district firearms policy must authorize the school district superintendent or the school principal, if the school district does not have a superintendent, to modify an expulsion for firearms possession under this section on a case-by-case basis in accordance with criteria established by the board. Before expelling a student, a school board or its designated hearing officer, within ten days of the student's suspension, shall provide the student with a hearing at which time the school board or its designated hearing officer shall take testimony and consider evidence, including the existence of mitigating circumstances. If a designated hearing officer orders that a student be expelled, the student may seek a review of the decision by the school board, based on the record of the expulsion hearing.

3. If a school district expels a student under this section, the district may authorize the provision of educational services to the student in an alternative setting.

4. Actions under this section may not conflict with state special education laws or with the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act

5. This section does not apply to any student participating in a school-sponsored shooting sport, provided the student informs the school principal of the student's participation and the student complies with all requirements set by the principal regarding the safe handling and storage of the firearm.

6. For purposes of this section:

a. "Firearm" has the meaning provided in Public Law No. 90-351 [82 Stat. 197; 18 U.S.C. 921].

b. "School property" includes all land within the perimeter of the school site and all school buildings, structures, facilities, and school vehicles, whether owned or leased by a school district, and the site of any school-sponsored event or activity.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Other weapons
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-10. Possession of a weapon -- Policy -- Expulsion from school

1. The board of each school district shall adopt a policy governing the possession of weapons and firearms on school property or at a school function and provide for the punishment of any student found to be in violation of the policy.

2. The policy must prohibit the possession of a weapon or a firearm by a student on school property and at school functions and provide for the punishment of any student found to be in violation. Punishment must include immediate suspension from school and expulsion. A student who possesses a firearm in violation of this section must be expelled for at least one year. The school district firearms policy must authorize the school district superintendent or the school principal, if the school district does not have a superintendent, to modify an expulsion for firearms possession under this section on a case-by-case basis in accordance with criteria established by the board. Before expelling a student, a school board or its designated hearing officer, within ten days of the student's suspension, shall provide the student with a hearing at which time the school board or its designated hearing officer shall take testimony and consider evidence, including the existence of mitigating circumstances. If a designated hearing officer orders that a student be expelled, the student may seek a review of the decision by the school board, based on the record of the expulsion hearing.

3. If a school district expels a student under this section, the district may authorize the provision of educational services to the student in an alternative setting.

4. Actions under this section may not conflict with state special education laws or with the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act

5. This section does not apply to any student participating in a school-sponsored shooting sport, provided the student informs the school principal of the student's participation and the student complies with all requirements set by the principal regarding the safe handling and storage of the firearm.

6. For purposes of this section:

a. "Firearm" has the meaning provided in Public Law No. 90-351

b. "School property" includes all land within the perimeter of the school site and all school buildings, structures, facilities, and school vehicles, whether owned or leased by a school district, and the site of any school-sponsored event or activity.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Students with chronic disciplinary issues
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-09. Students -- Suspension and expulsion–Rules

2. A student may be suspended for up to ten days for insubordination, habitual indolence, disorderly conduct, or for violating a school district weapons policy.

3. A student enrolled in an alternative education program for which state per student payments are available may be suspended for up to twenty days for insubordination, habitual indolence, disorderly conduct, or for violating a school district weapons policy.

4. A student, including one enrolled in an alternative education program, may be expelled from school for insubordination, habitual indolence, or disorderly conduct; provided the expulsion does not last beyond the termination of the current school year. A student who violates the school district's weapons policy may be expelled for up to twelve months.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Attendance and truancy
Statute

LAWS

15.1-20-01. Compulsory attendance

1. Any person having responsibility for a child between the ages of seven and sixteen years shall ensure that the child is in attendance at a public school for the duration of each school year.

2. If a person enrolls a child of age six in a public school, the person shall ensure that the child is in attendance at the public school for the duration of each school year. The person may withdraw a child of age six from the public school. However, once the child is withdrawn, the person may not reenroll the child until the following school year. This subsection does not apply if the reason for the withdrawal is the child's relocation to another school district.

3. This section does not apply if a child is exempted under the provisions of section 15.1-20-02.

15.1-20-02. Compulsory attendance–Exceptions

1. The provisions of section 15.1-20-01 do not apply if the person having responsibility for the child demonstrates to the satisfaction of the school board that:

a. The child is in attendance for the same length of time at an approved nonpublic school;

b. The child has completed high school;

c. The child is necessary to the support of the child's family;

d. A multidisciplinary team that includes the child's school district superintendent, the director of the child's special education unit, the child's classroom teacher, the child's physician, and the child's parent has determined that the child has a disability that renders attendance or participation in a regular or special education program inexpedient or impracticable; or

e. The child is receiving home education.

15.1-20-02.1. Attendance -- Determination–Policies

1. To be deemed in attendance for purposes of this chapter, a student may not be absent from school without excuse for more than:

a. Three consecutive school days during either the first half or the second half of a school or school district's calendar;

b. Six half days during either the first half or the second half of a school or school district's calendar; or

c. Twenty-one class periods.

2. The board of each school district and governing body of each nonpublic school shall adopt a policy that:

a. Defines an excused absence as any absence from school, if that absence is supported by either a verbal or written excuse supplied by the student's parent, teacher, or school administrator; and

b. Articulates the type of documentation that may be requested to verify a student's absence.

3. This chapter does not preclude a school district or nonpublic school from withholding credit, removing a student from a course, or taking other punitive measures against a student who does not arrive in a timely fashion or who exceeds a specific number of absences, as determined by the school district or nonpublic school.

15.1-20-03. Compulsory attendance law–Enforcement–Penalty.

1. Each teacher and administrator is charged with the enforcement of compulsory attendance provisions. The compulsory attendance provisions are applicable to any student who is offered school facilities by a school district, regardless of whether or not the student actually resides in the district.

2. If a teacher determines that a student is not in attendance as required by this chapter and that the student has not been excused in accordance with this chapter or in accordance with the school district's or nonpublic school's policies, the teacher shall notify the administrator of the school.

3. Upon receiving notice of a student's absence under subsection 2, the administrator shall initiate an investigation into the cause of the absence. If the administrator has reason to believe that the person having responsibility for the student has failed to ensure that the student is in attendance, the administrator shall refer the matter to the local law enforcement agency.

4. Any person who fails to ensure that a student is in attendance as required by this chapter is guilty of an infraction for a first offense and is guilty of a class B misdemeanor for a second or subsequent offense.

5. In a prosecution for an offense under this section, it is an affirmative defense if the person responsible for ensuring that the student is in attendance has made substantial and reasonable efforts to comply with the requirements of this section, but is unable to compel the student to attend school. If the court determines that the affirmative defense is valid, the court shall dismiss the complaint against the person.

15.1-20-03.2. Truancy prevention and intervention programs–Resources

The superintendent of public instruction shall disseminate to school districts and nonpublic schools information regarding truancy prevention and intervention programs and research pertaining to best practices in truancy prevention efforts.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Substance use
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-13. Alcohol or controlled substance -- Use or possession by student -- Notification of principal–Exception

If a teacher knows or has reason to believe that a student is using, is in possession of, or is delivering alcohol or a controlled substance while the student is on school property, involved in a school-related activity, or in attendance at a school-sponsored event, the teacher shall notify the student's principal. The notification requirement in this section does not apply to a teacher or administrator who participates in a juvenile drug court program and receives confidential information regarding a student as a result of participation in the program. This section does not prevent a teacher or any other school employee from reporting to a law enforcement agency any violation of law occurring on school property, at a school-related activity, or at a school-sponsored event.

15.1-24-01. Chemical abuse prevention program–Rules.

1. The superintendent of public instruction shall adopt rules regarding the implementation of chemical abuse prevention programs in this state's schools. The rules may include:

a. Community involvement through a citizens' advisory committee.

b. An assessment of services and resources available locally.

c. An assessment of student and staff needs.

d. The coordination of activities with public and private entities.

e. The development of an implementation plan.

f. An evaluation mechanism.

g. The development of a budget to fund the program.

2. If funds are appropriated or otherwise become available, the superintendent shall call for and review school district applications for development of a program. School districts may apply for funds independently or jointly. The superintendent shall award the funds according to the merit of each application.

3. The superintendent shall develop a plan for the coordination of services with other agencies, including the department of human services, the state department of health, the department of transportation, and law enforcement agencies.

15.1-24-03. Chemical abuse preassessment team–Building level support team.

Any school may appoint a chemical abuse preassessment team consisting of a school counselor, a social worker, and other appropriately trained individuals or a school may use a building support team to carry out chemical abuse prevention services under this chapter. The team shall review and act upon law enforcement reports of chemical abuse violations by students. Within fourteen days of receiving a report, the team shall determine whether to provide to the student, or if the student is a minor to the student's parent or guardian, information regarding chemical abuse and school and community services available to assist individuals who engage in chemical abuse.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Bullying, harassment, or hazing
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-17. Bullying–Definition.

As used in sections 15.1-19-17 through 15.1-19-22:

1. "Bullying" means:

a. Conduct that occurs in a public school, on school district premises, in a district owned or leased schoolbus or school vehicle, or at any public school or school district sanctioned or sponsored activity or event and which:

(1) Is so severe, pervasive, or objectively offensive that it substantially interferes with the student's educational opportunities;

(2) Places the student in actual and reasonable fear of harm;

(3) Places the student in actual and reasonable fear of damage to property of the student; or

(4) Substantially disrupts the orderly operation of the public school; or

b. Conduct that is received by a student while the student is in a public school, on school district premises, in a district owned or leased schoolbus or school vehicle, or at any public school or school district sanctioned or sponsored activity or event and which:

(1) Is so severe, pervasive, or objectively offensive that it substantially interferes with the student's educational opportunities;

(2) Places the student in actual and reasonable fear of harm;

(3) Places the student in actual and reasonable fear of damage to property of the student; or

(4) Substantially disrupts the orderly operation of the public school.

2. "Conduct" includes the use of technology or other electronic media.

15.1-19-18. Bullying–Prohibition by policy

1. Before July 1, 2012, each school district shall adopt a policy providing that while at a public school, on school district premises, in a district owned or leased school bus or school vehicle, or at any public school or school district sanctioned or sponsored activity or event, a student may not:

a. Engage in bullying; or

b. Engage in reprisal or retaliation against:

(1) A victim of bullying;

(2) An individual who witnesses an alleged act of bullying;

(3) An individual who reports an alleged act of bullying; or

(4) An individual who provides information about an alleged act of bullying.

2. The policy required by this section must:

a. Include a definition of bullying that at least encompasses the conduct described in section 15.1-19-17;

b. Establish procedures for reporting and documenting alleged acts of bullying, reprisal, or retaliation, and include procedures for anonymous reporting of such acts;

c. Establish procedures, including timelines, for school district personnel to follow in investigating reports of alleged bullying, reprisal, or retaliation;

d. Establish a schedule for the retention of any documents generated while investigating reports of alleged bullying, reprisal, or retaliation;

e. Set forth the disciplinary measures applicable to an individual who engaged in bullying or who engaged in reprisal or retaliation, as set forth in subsection 1;

f. Require the notification of law enforcement personnel if an investigation by school district personnel results in a reasonable suspicion that a crime might have occurred;

g. Establish strategies to protect a victim of bullying, reprisal, or retaliation; and

h. Establish disciplinary measures to be imposed upon an individual who makes a false accusation, report, or complaint pertaining to bullying, reprisal, or retaliation.

3. In developing the bullying policy required by this section, a school district shall involve parents, school district employees, volunteers, students, school district administrators, law enforcement personnel, domestic violence sexual assault organizations as defined by subsection 3 of section 14-07.1-01, and community representatives.

4. Upon completion of the policy required by this section, a school district shall:

a. Ensure that the policy is explained to and discussed with its students;

b. File a copy of the policy with the superintendent of public instruction; and

c. Make the policy available in student and personnel handbooks.

5. Each school district shall review and revise its policy as it determines necessary and shall file a copy of the revised policy with the superintendent of public instruction.

15.1-19-20. Bullying prevention programs

Each school district shall provide bullying prevention programs to all students from kindergarten through grade twelve.

15.1-19-21. Causes of action -- Immunity -- School districts

2. Any individual who promptly, reasonably, and in good faith reports an incident of bullying, reprisal, or retaliation to the school district employee or official designated in the school district bullying policy is immune from civil or criminal liability resulting from or relating to the report or to the individual's participation in any administrative or judicial proceeding stemming from the report.

3. A school district and its employees are immune from any liability that might otherwise be incurred as a result of a student having been the recipient of bullying, if the school district implemented a bullying policy, as required by section 15.1-19-18 and substantially complied with that policy.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Other special infractions or conditions
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Major Category
Prevention and Behavioral Interventions (Non-Punitive)
Sub Category
Prevention
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-20. Bullying prevention programs

Each school district shall provide bullying prevention programs to all students from kindergarten through grade twelve.

15.1-20-03.2. Truancy prevention and intervention programs–Resources

The superintendent of public instruction shall disseminate to school districts and nonpublic schools information regarding truancy prevention and intervention programs and research pertaining to best practices in truancy prevention efforts.

15.1-24-01. Chemical abuse prevention program–Rules.

1. The superintendent of public instruction shall adopt rules regarding the implementation of chemical abuse prevention programs in this state's schools. The rules may include:

a. Community involvement through a citizens' advisory committee.

b. An assessment of services and resources available locally.

c. An assessment of student and staff needs.

d. The coordination of activities with public and private entities.

e. The development of an implementation plan.

f. An evaluation mechanism.

g. The development of a budget to fund the program.

2. If funds are appropriated or otherwise become available, the superintendent shall call for and review school district applications for development of a program. School districts may apply for funds independently or jointly. The superintendent shall award the funds according to the merit of each application.

3. The superintendent shall develop a plan for the coordination of services with other agencies, including the department of human services, the state department of health, the department of transportation, and law enforcement agencies.

15.1-24-02. Staff

The superintendent of public instruction may employ an individual as a chemical abuse project coordinator. The coordinator shall:

1. Develop rules, in consultation with other private and public entities.

2. Disseminate rules developed under this chapter.

3. Provide communities, through their schools, with technical assistance in the planning and implementation of a chemical abuse and prevention program.

4. Collect data for reporting and program evaluation purposes.

5. Facilitate coordination of this program with prevention and educational programs conducted by other state agencies.

6. Provide the superintendent of public instruction with a written program evaluation.

7. Serve as a resource specialist to schools regarding the development and implementation of chemical abuse prevention programs.

15.1-24-03. Chemical abuse preassessment team–Building level support team.

Any school may appoint a chemical abuse preassessment team consisting of a school counselor, a social worker, and other appropriately trained individuals or a school may use a building support team to carry out chemical abuse prevention services under this chapter. The team shall review and act upon law enforcement reports of chemical abuse violations by students. Within fourteen days of receiving a report, the team shall determine whether to provide to the student, or if the student is a minor to the student's parent or guardian, information regarding chemical abuse and school and community services available to assist individuals who engage in chemical abuse.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Behavioral interventions and student support services
Statute

LAWS

15.1-24-03. Chemical abuse preassessment team–Building level support team.

Any school may appoint a chemical abuse preassessment team consisting of a school counselor, a social worker, and other appropriately trained individuals or a school may use a building support team to carry out chemical abuse prevention services under this chapter. The team shall review and act upon law enforcement reports of chemical abuse violations by students. Within fourteen days of receiving a report, the team shall determine whether to provide to the student, or if the student is a minor to the student's parent or guardian, information regarding chemical abuse and school and community services available to assist individuals who engage in chemical abuse.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Professional development
Statute

LAWS

15.1-07-34. Provision of youth behavioral health training to teachers, administrators, and ancillary staff.

1. Every two years, each school district shall provide a minimum of eight hours of professional development on youth behavioral health to elementary, middle, and high school teachers, and administrators. Each school district shall encourage ancillary and support staff to participate in the professional development. Based on the annual needs assessment of the school district, these hours must be designated from the following categories:

a. Trauma;

b. Social and emotional learning, including resiliency;

c. Suicide prevention;

d. Bullying;

e. Understanding of the prevalence and impact of youth behavioral health wellness on family structure, education, juvenile services, law enforcement, and health care and treatment providers;

f. Knowledge of behavioral health symptoms, and risks;

g. Awareness of referral sources and evidence-based strategies for appropriate interventions; or

h. Other evidence-based strategies to reduce risk factors for students.

2. Each school district shall report the professional development hours to the department of public instruction.

3. The superintendent of public instruction shall collaborate with regional education associations to disseminate information, training materials, and notice of training opportunities to school districts and nonpublic schools.

12.1-32-15. Offenders against children and sexual offenders–Sexually violent predators–Registration requirement–Penalty.

14. A state officer, law enforcement agency, or public school district or governing body of a nonpublic school or any appointee, officer, or employee of those entities is not subject to civil or criminal liability for making risk determinations, allowing a sexual offender to attend a school function under section 12.1-20-25, or for disclosing or for failing to disclose information as permitted by this section.

15.1-19-19. Professional development activities

Each school district shall include, in professional development activities, information regarding the prevention of bullying and shall provide information regarding the prevention of bullying to all volunteers and nonlicensed personnel who have contact with students.

15.1-19-24. Youth suicide prevention–Training

1. Once every two years, each school district shall provide to middle school and high school teachers and administrators at least two hours of professional development relating to youth suicide risk indicators, appropriate staff responses, and referral sources.

2. The superintendent of public instruction shall collaborate with the state department of health to obtain and disseminate to school districts and nonpublic schools, free of charge, information and training materials, including those available through the Jason foundation.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Major Category
Monitoring and Accountability
Sub Category
Formal incident reporting of conduct violations
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-13. Alcohol or controlled substance -- Use or possession by student -- Notification of principal–Exception

If a teacher knows or has reason to believe that a student is using, is in possession of, or is delivering alcohol or a controlled substance while the student is on school property, involved in a school-related activity, or in attendance at a school-sponsored event, the teacher shall notify the student's principal. The notification requirement in this section does not apply to a teacher or administrator who participates in a juvenile drug court program and receives confidential information regarding a student as a result of participation in the program. This section does not prevent a teacher or any other school employee from reporting to a law enforcement agency any violation of law occurring on school property, at a school-related activity, or at a school-sponsored event.

15.1-19-18. Bullying–Prohibition by policy

2. The policy required by this section must:

a. Include a definition of bullying that at least encompasses the conduct described in section 15.1-19-17;

b. Establish procedures for reporting and documenting alleged acts of bullying, reprisal, or retaliation, and include procedures for anonymous reporting of such acts;

c. Establish procedures, including timelines, for school district personnel to follow in investigating reports of alleged bullying, reprisal, or retaliation;

d. Establish a schedule for the retention of any documents generated while investigating reports of alleged bullying, reprisal, or retaliation;

e. Set forth the disciplinary measures applicable to an individual who engaged in bullying or who engaged in reprisal or retaliation, as set forth in subsection 1;

f. Require the notification of law enforcement personnel if an investigation by school district personnel results in a reasonable suspicion that a crime might have occurred;

g. Establish strategies to protect a victim of bullying, reprisal, or retaliation; and

h. Establish disciplinary measures to be imposed upon an individual who makes a false accusation, report, or complaint pertaining to bullying, reprisal, or retaliation.

15.1-20-03. Compulsory attendance law–Enforcement–Penalty.

2. If a teacher determines that a student is not in attendance as required by this chapter and that the student has not been excused in accordance with this chapter or in accordance with the school district's or nonpublic school's policies, the teacher shall notify the administrator of the school.

3. Upon receiving notice of a student's absence under subsection 2, the administrator shall initiate an investigation into the cause of the absence. If the administrator has reason to believe that the person having responsibility for the student has failed to ensure that the student is in attendance, the administrator shall refer the matter to the local law enforcement agency.

4. Any person who fails to ensure that a student is in attendance as required by this chapter is guilty of an infraction for a first offense and is guilty of a class B misdemeanor for a second or subsequent offense.

5. In a prosecution for an offense under this section, it is an affirmative defense if the person responsible for ensuring that the student is in attendance has made substantial and reasonable efforts to comply with the requirements of this section, but is unable to compel the student to attend school. If the court determines that the affirmative defense is valid, the court shall dismiss the complaint against the person.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Parental notification
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-09. Students -- Suspension and expulsion–Rules

1. The board of a school district shall adopt rules regarding the suspension and expulsion of a student. The rules for expulsion must provide for a procedural due process hearing in the manner provided for in subsection 2 of section 15.1-19-10, before the determination to expel a student is made. A student's parent or representative must be allowed to participate in the expulsion hearing.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Reporting and referrals between schools and law enforcement
Statute

LAWS

12.1-32-15. Offenders against children and sexual offenders–Sexually violent predators–Registration requirement–Penalty.

15. If a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent and required or ordered to register as a sexual offender or as an offender against a child under this section, the juvenile shall comply with the registration requirements in this section. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a law enforcement agency shall register a juvenile offender in the same manner as adult offenders and may release any relevant and necessary information on file to other law enforcement agencies, the department of human services, or the public if disclosure is necessary to protect public health or safety. The law enforcement agency shall release any relevant and necessary information on file to the superintendent or principal of the school the juvenile attends. The school administration shall notify others in similar positions if the juvenile transfers to another learning institution in or outside the state. If an individual has been required to register as a sexual offender or an offender against a child under section 12.1-32-15 or 27-20-52.1 before August 1, 1999, the individual may petition the court to be removed from the offender list if registration is no longer mandatory for that individual. In considering the petition, the court shall comply with the requirements of this section.

15.1-24-05. Law enforcement agencies -- Duty to inform team

1. A law enforcement agency shall notify a school principal in writing if the agency has probable cause to believe that a student enrolled in the school has violated section 5-01-08, section 12.1-31-03, chapter 19-03.1, chapter 19-03.2, chapter 19-03.4, section 39-08-01, or section 39-08-18. The law enforcement agency shall provide the notice within two weeks of an incident.

3. Subsection 1 does not apply if, in the opinion of the law enforcement agency, providing the notice would jeopardize the conclusion of a criminal investigation.

15.1-19-18. Bullying–Prohibition by policy

2. The policy required by this section must:

f. Require the notification of law enforcement personnel if an investigation by school district personnel results in a reasonable suspicion that a crime might have occurred;

3. In developing the bullying policy required by this section, a school district shall involve parents, school district employees, volunteers, students, school district administrators, law enforcement personnel, domestic violence sexual assault organizations as defined by subsection 3 of section 14-07.1-01, and community representatives.

15.1-20-03. Compulsory attendance law–Enforcement–Penalty.

2. If a teacher determines that a student is not in attendance as required by this chapter and that the student has not been excused in accordance with this chapter or in accordance with the school district's or nonpublic school's policies, the teacher shall notify the administrator of the school.

3. Upon receiving notice of a student's absence under subsection 2, the administrator shall initiate an investigation into the cause of the absence. If the administrator has reason to believe that the person having responsibility for the student has failed to ensure that the student is in attendance, the administrator shall refer the matter to the local law enforcement agency.

4. Any person who fails to ensure that a student is in attendance as required by this chapter is guilty of an infraction for a first offense and is guilty of a class B misdemeanor for a second or subsequent offense.

5. In a prosecution for an offense under this section, it is an affirmative defense if the person responsible for ensuring that the student is in attendance has made substantial and reasonable efforts to comply with the requirements of this section, but is unable to compel the student to attend school. If the court determines that the affirmative defense is valid, the court shall dismiss the complaint against the person.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Disclosure of school records
Statute

LAWS

15.1-07-25.3. Protection of student data–school district policy.

1. The board of each school district shall adopt a policy regarding the protection of student data.

2. The policy must require that permission be obtained from the board before any student data is shared with an individual who is not a school district employee or shared with any other entity. This provision does not apply to the sharing of data with a student's parent or to the sharing of data, if required by law.

3. The policy must require the school district superintendent to compile:

a. A list of all individuals with whom, and entities with which, student data is shared; and

b. A list, by title, of all school district personnel who have access to student data.

4. A school district shall make copies of the policy available upon request.

15.1-19-14. School law enforcement unit

1. [...] Records of a school law enforcement unit regarding a student at a school are confidential but may be released to:

a. A juvenile court having the student before it in any proceeding;

b. Counsel for a party to the proceeding;

c. Officers of public entities to whom the student is committed;

d. Officers of a state or local law enforcement agency for use in the discharge of their official duties;

e. A superintendent or principal of another school in which the student wishes to enroll; and

f. The student's parent, legal guardian, or legal custodian.

2. Nothing in this section restricts the release of general information that does not identify the student.

15.1-19-15. Record retention

Records regarding a student obtained by a school under section 15.1-19-14, section 27-20-51, or section 27-20-52 must be destroyed when the student reaches the age of eighteen or no longer attends the school, whichever occurs later.

15.1-24-04. Treatment or assistance records–Confidential.

Any record of a student's medical treatment, use of a chemical abuse assistance program, or other individual record generated under this chapter, is confidential. It is not part of the student's educational record and may not be released without the written consent of the student, or if the student is less than age fourteen, without the written consent of the student's parent.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Data collection, review, and reporting of disciplinary policies and actions
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-18. Bullying–Prohibition by policy

5. Each school district shall review and revise its policy as it determines necessary and shall file a copy of the revised policy with the superintendent of public instruction.

15.1-24-02. Staff

The superintendent of public instruction may employ an individual as a chemical abuse project coordinator. The coordinator shall:

1. Develop rules, in consultation with other private and public entities.

2. Disseminate rules developed under this chapter.

3. Provide communities, through their schools, with technical assistance in the planning and implementation of a chemical abuse and prevention program.

4. Collect data for reporting and program evaluation purposes.

5. Facilitate coordination of this program with prevention and educational programs conducted by other state agencies.

6. Provide the superintendent of public instruction with a written program evaluation.

7. Serve as a resource specialist to schools regarding the development and implementation of chemical abuse prevention programs.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Major Category
School Resource and Safety Officers (SROs/SSOs) and Truant/Attendance Officers
Sub Category
Authority and power to implement school arrest
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Certification or training
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
MOUs, authorization, and/or funding
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-14. School law enforcement unit

1. A school may create or designate a school law enforcement unit as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act [20 U.S.C. 1232(g)] and rules adopted under the Act.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Major Category
State Education Agency Support
Sub Category
State model policies and implementation support
Statute

No relevant laws or regulations found.

Sub Category
Funding appropriations
Statute

LAWS

15.1-24-01. Chemical abuse prevention program–Rules.

1. The superintendent of public instruction shall adopt rules regarding the implementation of chemical abuse prevention programs in this state's schools. The rules may include:

a. Community involvement through a citizens' advisory committee.

b. An assessment of services and resources available locally.

c. An assessment of student and staff needs.

d. The coordination of activities with public and private entities.

e. The development of an implementation plan.

f. An evaluation mechanism.

g. The development of a budget to fund the program.

2. If funds are appropriated or otherwise become available, the superintendent shall call for and review school district applications for development of a program. School districts may apply for funds independently or jointly. The superintendent shall award the funds according to the merit of each application.

3. The superintendent shall develop a plan for the coordination of services with other agencies, including the department of human services, the state department of health, the department of transportation, and law enforcement agencies.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Major Category
Other/Uncategorized
Sub Category
Professional immunity or liability
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-12. School safety patrols–Immunity from liability.

The superintendent of public instruction, schools, school boards and individual school board members, governing boards and individual governing board members, administrators, principals, teachers, safety patrol members whether students or adults, and parents of safety patrol student members are immune from any liability that might otherwise be incurred as a result of an injury to a safety patrol member or as a result of an injury caused by an act or omission on the part of a safety patrol member while on duty, provided that the persons substantially complied with the rules to guide safety patrol members, as adopted by the superintendent of public instruction.

15.1-19-21. Causes of action–Immunity–School districts.

3. A school district and its employees are immune from any liability that might otherwise be incurred as a result of a student having been the recipient of bullying, if the school district implemented a bullying policy, as required by section 15.1-19-18 and substantially complied with that policy.

15.1-24-06. Report of chemical abuse–Immunity from liability

Any individual, other than the alleged violator, who in good faith reports or furnishes information regarding another's alleged chemical abuse to the chemical abuse preassessment team or the support team referenced in section 15.1-24-03, is immune from any liability, civil or criminal, that might otherwise result from the report. For the purpose of any proceeding, the good faith of a person reporting or furnishing information is presumed.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Community input or involvement
Statute

LAWS

15.1-19-18. Bullying–Prohibition by policy

3. In developing the bullying policy required by this section, a school district shall involve parents, school district employees, volunteers, students, school district administrators, law enforcement personnel, domestic violence sexual assault organizations as defined by subsection 3 of section 14-07.1-01, and community representatives.

15.1-24-01. Chemical abuse prevention program–Rules.

1. The superintendent of public instruction shall adopt rules regarding the implementation of chemical abuse prevention programs in this state's schools. The rules may include:

a. Community involvement through a citizens' advisory committee.

b. An assessment of services and resources available locally.

c. An assessment of student and staff needs.

d. The coordination of activities with public and private entities.

e. The development of an implementation plan.

f. An evaluation mechanism.

g. The development of a budget to fund the program.

2. If funds are appropriated or otherwise become available, the superintendent shall call for and review school district applications for development of a program. School districts may apply for funds independently or jointly. The superintendent shall award the funds according to the merit of each application.

3. The superintendent shall develop a plan for the coordination of services with other agencies, including the department of human services, the state department of health, the department of transportation, and law enforcement agencies.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Sub Category
Other or Uncategorized
Statute

LAWS

12.1-32-15. Offenders against children and sexual offenders–Sexually violent predators–Registration requirement–Penalty.

2. The court shall impose, in addition to any penalty provided by law, a requirement that the individual register, within three days of coming into a county in which the individual resides or within the period identified in this section that the individual becomes temporarily domiciled. The individual must register with the chief of police of the city or the sheriff of the county if the individual resides, attends school, or is employed in an area other than a city. The court shall require an individual to register by stating this requirement on the court records, if that individual:

a. Has pled guilty or nolo contendere to, or been found guilty as a felonious sexual offender or an attempted felonious sexual offender, including juvenile delinquent adjudications of equivalent offenses unless the offense is listed in subdivision c.

b. Has pled guilty or nolo contendere to, or been found guilty as a sexual offender for, a misdemeanor or attempted misdemeanor. The court may deviate from requiring an individual to register if the court first finds the individual is no more than three years older than the victim if the victim is a minor, the individual has not previously been convicted as a sexual offender or of a crime against a child, and the individual did not exhibit mental abnormality or predatory conduct in the commission of the offense.

c. Is a juvenile found delinquent under subdivision d of subsection 1 of section 12.1-20-03, subdivision a of subsection 2 of section 12.1-20-03, or as a sexual offender for a misdemeanor. The court may deviate from requiring the juvenile to register if the court first finds the juvenile has not previously been convicted as a sexual offender or for a crime against a child, and the juvenile did not exhibit mental abnormality or predatory conduct in the commission of the offense.

d. Has pled guilty or nolo contendere to, or been found guilty of, a crime against a child or an attempted crime against a child, including juvenile delinquent adjudications of equivalent offenses. Except if the offense is described in section 12.1-29-02, or section 12.1-18-01 or 12.1-18-02 and the person is not the parent of the victim, the court may deviate from requiring an individual to register if the court first finds the individual has not previously been convicted as a sexual offender or for a crime against a child, and the individual did not exhibit mental abnormality or predatory conduct in the commission of the offense.

e. Has pled guilty or nolo contendere, been found guilty, or been adjudicated delinquent of any crime against another individual which is not otherwise specified in this section if the court determines that registration is warranted by the nature of the crime and therefore orders registration for the individual. If the court orders an individual to register as an offender under this section, the individual shall comply with all of the registration requirements in this chapter.

7. Registration consists of a written statement signed by the individual, giving the information required by the attorney general, and the fingerprints and photograph of the individual. An individual who is not required to provide a sample of blood and other body fluids under section 31-13-03 or by the individual's state or court of conviction or adjudication shall submit a sample of blood and other body fluids for inclusion in a centralized database of DNA identification records under section 31-13-05. The collection, submission, testing and analysis of, and records produced from, samples of blood and other body fluids, are subject to chapter 31-13. Evidence of the DNA profile comparison is admissible in accordance with section 31-13-02. A report of the DNA analysis certified by the state crime laboratory is admissible in accordance with section 31-13-05. A district court shall order an individual who refuses to submit a sample of blood or other body fluids for registration purposes to show cause at a specified time and place why the individual should not be required to submit the sample required under this subsection. Within three days after registration, the registering law enforcement agency shall forward the statement, fingerprints, and photograph to the attorney general and shall submit the sample of the individual's blood and body fluids to the state crime laboratory. If an individual required to register under this section has a change in vehicle or computer online identity, the individual shall inform in writing, within three days after the change, the law enforcement agency with which that individual last registered of the individual's new vehicle or computer online identity. If an individual required to register pursuant to this section has a change in name, school, or residence or employment address, that individual shall inform in writing, at least ten days before the change, the law enforcement agency with which that individual last registered of the individual's new name, school, residence address, or employment address. A change in school or employment address includes the termination of school or employment for which an individual required to register under this section shall inform in writing within five days of the termination the law enforcement agency with which the individual last registered. The law enforcement agency, within three days after receipt of the information, shall forward it to the attorney general. The attorney general shall forward the appropriate registration data to the law enforcement agency having local jurisdiction of the new place of residence, school, or employment. Upon a change of address, the individual required to register shall also register within three days at the law enforcement agency having local jurisdiction of the new place of residence, school, or employment. The individual registering under this section shall periodically confirm the information required under this subsection in a manner and at an interval determined by the attorney general. A law enforcement agency that has previously registered an offender may omit the fingerprint portion of the registration if that agency has a set of fingerprints on file for that individual and is personally familiar with and can visually identify the offender. These provisions also apply in any other state that requires registration.

15.1-19-25. Student journalists–freedom of expression–civil remedy.

1. As used in this section:

a. "School-sponsored media" means any material that is prepared, substantially written, published, or broadcast by a student journalist at a public school, distributed or generally made available to members of the student body, and prepared under the direction of a student media adviser. The term does not include any media intended for distribution or transmission solely in the classroom in which the media is produced.

b. "Student journalist" means a public school student who gathers, compiles, writes, edits, photographs, records, or prepares information for dissemination in school-sponsored media.

c. "Student media adviser" means an individual employed, appointed, or designated by a school district to supervise or provide instruction relating to school-sponsored media.

2. Except as provided in subsection 3, a student journalist has the right to exercise freedom of speech and of the press in school-sponsored media, regardless of whether the media is supported financially by the school district, by use of facilities of the school district, or produced in conjunction with a class in which the student is enrolled. Subject to subsection 3, a student journalist is responsible for determining the news, opinion, feature, and advertising content of school-sponsored media. This subsection may not be construed to prevent a student media adviser from teaching professional standards of English and journalism to student journalists.

3. This section does not authorize or protect expression by a student that:

a. Is libelous or slanderous;

b. Constitutes an unwarranted invasion of privacy;

c. Violates federal or state law; or

d. So incites students as to create a clear and present danger of the commission of an unlawful act, the violation of school district policy, or the material and substantial disruption of the orderly operation of the school.

4. A school district may not authorize any prior restraint of any school-sponsored media except when the media:

a. Is libelous or slanderous;

b. Constitutes an unwarranted invasion of privacy;

c. Violates federal or state law; or

d. So incites students as to create a clear and present danger of the commission of an unlawful act, the violation of school district policies, or the material and substantial disruption of the orderly operation of the school.

5. A school district may not sanction a student operating as an independent journalist.

6. Each school district shall adopt a written student freedom of expression policy in accordance with this section. The policy must include reasonable provisions for the time, place, and manner of student expression. The policy may also include limitations to language that may be defined as profane, harassing, threatening, or intimidating.

15.1-31-08. Open enrollment–Transfer of students–Responsibility of district of residence.

1. Notwithstanding the provisions of chapter 15.1-31, a student's parent may apply to a contiguous school district for admission of the student at any time during the school year if:

a. The student was a victim of violence occurring within the school in which the student was enrolled and the violence was documented;

b. The superintendent of public instruction has declared the school in which the student was enrolled to be an unsafe school; or

c. The superintendent of public instruction has identified the school in which the student was enrolled as one that requires program improvement for six consecutive years.

2. The school district receiving an application under subsection 1 shall review the application to ensure compliance with the provisions of subsection 1 and shall notify the student's parent and the student's school district of residence of the arrangements for the student's transfer within five days from the date the application was received.

3. The student's school district of residence shall consider the student transferred as of the date of enrollment by the admitting district.

4. Upon transfer of a student under this section, the board of the admitting district and the board of the student's school district of residence shall enter into a tuition agreement. The student's school district of residence shall reimburse the admitting district for all costs incurred by the admitting district in providing education for the student.

5. The student's school district of residence shall transport the student to school in the admitting district or shall reimburse the admitting district for all costs incurred in transporting the student or providing for the transportation of the student to school in the admitting district. These transportation costs are not reimbursable through state transportation funds.

6. The provisions of this section are applicable to a student until the conclusion of the school year in which the superintendent of public instruction declares that the school in the student's district of residence is no longer an unsafe school or that the school no longer requires program improvement.

REGULATIONS

No relevant regulations found.

Major Category
Sub Category
Statute
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