California

California

California is working to ensure its schools are safe and supportive. This page features school climate information for California, including a list of grants the State and its communities have received; State discipline and bullying policies; data for a selection of indicators; related news articles; and grantee highlights demonstrating community efforts.

Grants Received

State Grant Programs

Student Support and Academic Enrichment

The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) was signed into law in 2015. The Student Support and Academic Enrichment (SSAE) program falls under ESSA, subpart 1 of Title IV, Part A. The SSAE program is intended to improve students’ academic achievement by increasing the capacity of State educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs), and local communities to provide all students with access to a well-rounded education; improve school conditions for student learning; and improve the use of technology to improve the academic achievement and digital literacy of all students. States receive funds in the form of block grants and then fund local education agencies. To learn more, visit NCSSLE’s Title IV, Part A, SSAE Program page.

Project AWARE

In 2014, the California Department of Education (CDE) received a Project AWARE grant through the Now is the Time initiative. CDE uses this 5-year grant to 1) train adults on responding to mental health issues when interacting with school-aged youth, 2) connect children, youth and families who may require support to appropriate mental health services, and 3) implement Mental Health First Aid and Youth Mental Health First Aid in State and local training programs. For more information about this grant, go to: https://www.samhsa.gov/nitt-ta/project-aware-grant-information.

Safe and Supportive Schools

In 2010, the California Department of Education (CDE) received a Safe Supportive Schools grant. CDE used this 4-year grant to implement a measurement system in participating local education agencies to improve conditions for learning. Schools and districts used valid and reliable data to drive research-based prevention and intervention strategies to reduce behaviors that present barriers for learning among high-risk students, such as substance use and aggression. The comprehensive profile (18 pages) and brief snapshot (4 pages) describe the goals of the grant, participating districts, key operational partners, primary interventions and other implementation activities, outcome data, lessons learned, and plans for sustainability. In addition to the cross-grantee Executive Summary, a longer study document is available upon request (contact NCSSLE@air.org).To find out more about this grant, go to: http://www2.ed.gov/programs/safesupportiveschools/index.html.

Local Educational Agency and District Grant Programs

Project Prevent

In 2014, El Rancho, Oakland, San Bernardino, San Francisco, and Stockton Unified School Districts received a Project Prevent grant. These districts have used this 5-year grant to help their schools increase capacities for identifying, assessing, and serving students exposed to pervasive violence. The award helps ensure that affected students are offered mental health services for trauma or anxiety. The award also supports the implementation of other school-based violence prevention strategies that reduce the likelihood of future violence. To find out more about this grant, go to: https://www2.ed.gov/programs/projectprevent/index.html.

School Climate Transformation

In 2014, fifteen local educational agencies in California received a School Climate Transformation grant. With this 5-year grant, schools are developing support systems and providing technical assistance to schools on implementing evidence-based multi-tiered behavioral frameworks. The primary goal is to improve behavioral outcomes and learning conditions for all students. To find out more about this grant go to: http://www2.ed.gov/programs/schoolclimatelea/index.html.

Elementary and Secondary School Counseling

Twenty-four school districts and local educational agencies in California received funding through the U.S. Department of Education Elementary and Secondary School Counseling grant program. This 3-year grant helped schools expand the capacity of their school mental health services by 1) hiring qualified mental health professionals and 2) supporting parental involvement and school staff professional development to increase their capacities for collaborating with mental health community-based service providers. For more information about this grant, go to: http://www2.ed.gov/programs/elseccounseling/index.html.

Resiliency in Communities After Stress and Trauma

In 2016, the City of Oakland received a Resiliency in Communities After Stress and Trauma (ReCAST) grant. This 5-year grant is designed to assist communities that have recently faced civil unrest to better serve the needs of high-risk youth and their families by promoting resilience and equity. Communities will use funding to implement evidence-based, violence prevention, and community youth engagement programs, as well as linkages to trauma-informed behavioral health services. For more information about this grant, go to: http://www.samhsa.gov/grants/grant-announcements/sm-16-012.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6

Selected Indicators

Indicator 1: Threatened or Injured with a Weapon on School Property

20155.2,6.0
20175.0,6.0
Show Details

Indicator 1: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported They Had Been Threatened or Injured with a Weapon (For Example, a Gun, Knife, or Club) on School Property One or More Times During the 12 Months Before the Survey

This state did not participate in data collection in 2009, 2011, or 2013.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Threatened or Injured with a Weapon on School Property
YearCaliforniaUS
20155.26.0
20175.06.0

Indicator 2: Involved in Physical Fight on School Property

20156.6,7.8
20175.7,8.5
Show Details

Indicator 2: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported Having Been in a Physical Fight on School Property One or More Times During the 12 Months Before the Survey

This state did not participate in data collection in 2009, 2011, or 2013.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Involved in Physical Fight on School Property
YearCaliforniaUS
20156.67.8
20175.78.5

Indicator 3: Offered, Sold, or Given Illegal Drugs on School Property

201526.1,21.7
201727.0,19.8
Show Details

Indicator 3: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported that they Were Offered, Sold, or Given an Illegal Drug by Someone on School Property During the 12 Months Before the Survey

This state did not participate in data collection in 2009, 2011, or 2013.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Offered, Sold, or Given Illegal Drugs on School Property
YearCaliforniaUS
201526.121.7
201727.019.8

Indicator 4: Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide

201517.9,17.7
201717.0,17.2
Show Details

Indicator 4: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported They Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide During the 12 Months Before the Survey

This state did not participate in data collection in 2009, 2011, or 2013.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide
YearCaliforniaUS
201517.917.7
201717.017.2

Indicator 5: Did Not Participate in At Least 60 Minutes of Physical Activity

201513.1,14.3
201712.6,15.4
Show Details

Indicator 5: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported Not Participating in at Least 60 Minutes of Physical Activity that Increased Their Heart Rate and Made Them Breathe Hard Some of the Time on at Least 1 Day During the 7 Days Before the Survey

Data for this indicator are not available before 2011. This state did not participate in data collection in 2009, 2011, or 2013.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Did Not Participate in At Least 60 Minutes of Physical Activity
YearCaliforniaUS
201513.114.3
201712.615.4

Indicator 6: Did Not Eat Vegetables 7 Days Before the Survey

20156.9,6.7
20177.9,7.2
Show Details

Indicator 6: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported They Did Not Eat Vegetables (e.g., Green Salad, Potatoes [Excluding French Fries, Fried Potatoes, or Potato Chips], Carrots, or Other Vegetables) During the 7 Days Before the Survey

Data for this indicator are not available before 2011. This state did not participate in data collection in 2009, 2011, or 2013.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Did Not Eat Vegetables 7 Days Before the Survey
YearCaliforniaUS
20156.96.7
20177.97.2

Grantee Highlights

El Rancho Unified School District (CA), an Elementary and Secondary School Counseling (ESSC) grant recipient, used their ESSC funds to hire eight school-based mental health counselors (i.e. school social workers), provide all school sites professional development on early warning signs of students with mental health concerns, and establish a district-wide referral process known as ACCESS. The ACCESS process pairs screened students with mental health counselors directly at the school site.

Oxnard School District, an Elementary and Secondary School Counseling grant recipient, provides mental health services to students and families living within the most underserved areas of Ventura County, California through Acción Positiva. The program is coordinated by Chris Ridge, the District’s Director of Pupil Services and utilizes a partnership between Oxnard School District and New Dawn counseling services, a local mental health services provider.

Murrieta Valley Unified School District, an Elementary and Secondary School Counseling grant recipient, won the 2017 H.P. McDaniel Foundation Group Award for their development of R.A.I.N. Elementary Counseling. Counselors in this district developed a model comprehensive program and completed significant research resulting in a major impact for the counseling field in the state of California. R.A.I.N. stands for:

Contains Oakland Unified School Districts (OUSD) Restorative Justice Toolkit which informs their districts discipline matrix.

Presents a video, created by the Elk Grove Unified School District, on the experience and successes of schools under Project GROW, an Elementary and Secondary School Counseling Grant program. The program uses a multi-tiered approach to address behavioral issues and provide developmentally appropriate interventions to students so that they can develop the skills to succeed in the instructional environment.