Maryland

MarylandMaryland is working to ensure its schools are safe and supportive. This page features school climate information for Maryland, including a list of grants the State and its communities have received; State discipline and bullying policies; data for a selection of indicators; and related news articles.

Grants Received

State Grant Programs

Student Support and Academic Enrichment

The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) was signed into law in 2015. The Student Support and Academic Enrichment (SSAE) program falls under ESSA, subpart 1 of Title IV, Part A. The SSAE program is intended to improve students’ academic achievement by increasing the capacity of State educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs), and local communities to provide all students with access to a well-rounded education; improve school conditions for student learning; and improve the use of technology to improve the academic achievement and digital literacy of all students. States receive funds in the form of block grants and then fund local education agencies. To learn more, visit NCSSLE’s Title IV, Part A, SSAE Program page.

Healthy Transitions

In 2014, the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene received a Healthy Transitions grant. This 5-year grant program is designed to help improve access to treatment and support services for youth and young adults, ages 16-25 years old, who are at high risk of developing a serious mental or behavioral health condition. The goal of the program is to expand services and supports that are culturally competent and youth guided, improve cross-system collaboration, and increase public awareness of available resources and strategies for identifying early indications of serious mental health and substance use conditions among youth and young adults. To learn more, about this grant go to: https://www.samhsa.gov/grants/grant-announcements/sm-14-017.

Project AWARE

In 2014, the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) received a Project AWARE grant through the Now is the Time initiative. MSDE uses this 5-year grant to 1) train adults on responding to mental health issues when interacting with school-aged youth, 2) connect children, youth and families who may require support to appropriate mental health services, and 3) implement Mental Health First Aid and Youth Mental Health First Aid in State and local training programs. For more information about this grant, go to: https://www.samhsa.gov/nitt-ta/project-aware-grant-information.

Safe and Supportive Schools

In 2010, the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) received a Safe Supportive Schools grant. MSDE used this 4-year grant to implement a measurement system in participating local education agencies to improve conditions for learning. Schools and districts used valid and reliable data to drive research-based prevention and intervention strategies to reduce behaviors that present barriers for learning among high-risk students, such as substance use and aggression. The comprehensive profile (21 pages) and brief snapshot (4 pages) describe the goals of the grant, participating districts, key operational partners, primary interventions and other implementation activities, outcome data, lessons learned, and plans for sustainability. In addition to the cross-grantee Executive Summary, a longer study document is available upon request (contact NCSSLE@air.org). To find out more about this grant, go to: http://www2.ed.gov/programs/safesupportiveschools/index.html.

State Developed Resources

Letter to Parents About School Climate Surveys

Data Spotlight: Engagement and School Support

Data Spotlight: School Equity and Inclusiveness Perceptions by Racial/Ethnic Group

Data Spotlight: Substance Abuse

Local Educational Agency and District Grant Programs

Promoting Student Resilience

In 2016, Baltimore City Public Schools (BCPS)  received a 2-year Promoting Student Resilience (PSR) grant to build and increase capacities for addressing the comprehensive behavioral and mental health needs of students in communities that have experienced significant civil unrest. BCPS is using PSR funding to institute training, coaching, and mentoring activities in order to increase the capacities of principals, staff, parents and others working in K-12 schools or on school planning committees. For more information about this grant, go to: http://www2.ed.gov/programs/student-resilience/index.html.

Resiliency in Communities After Stress and Trauma

In 2016, the Baltimore City Health Department received a Resiliency in Communities After Stress and Trauma (ReCAST) grant. This 5-year grant is designed to assist communities that have recently faced civil unrest to better serve the needs of high-risk youth and their families by promoting resilience and equity. Communities will use funding to implement evidence-based, violence prevention, and community youth engagement programs, as well as linkages to trauma-informed behavioral health services. For more information about this grant, go to: http://www.samhsa.gov/grants/grant-announcements/sm-16-012.

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Selected Indicators

Indicator 1: Threatened or Injured with a Weapon on School Property

20099.1,7.7
20118.4,7.4
20139.4,6.9
20157.2,6.0
20177.8,6.0
Show Details

Indicator 1: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported They Had Been Threatened or Injured with a Weapon (For Example, a Gun, Knife, or Club) on School Property One or More Times During the 12 Months Before the Survey

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Threatened or Injured with a Weapon on School Property
YearMarylandUS
20099.17.7
20118.47.4
20139.46.9
20157.26.0
20177.86.0

Indicator 2: Involved in Physical Fight on School Property

200911.2,11.1
201111.0,12.0
201314.3,8.1
201512.2,7.8
201712.2,8.5
Show Details

Indicator 2: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported Having Been in a Physical Fight on School Property One or More Times During the 12 Months Before the Survey

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Involved in Physical Fight on School Property
YearMarylandUS
200911.211.1
201111.012.0
201314.38.1
201512.27.8
201712.28.5

Indicator 3: Offered, Sold, or Given Illegal Drugs on School Property

200929.3,22.7
201130.4,25.6
201329.1,22.1
201526.2,21.7
201723.5,19.8
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Indicator 3: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported that they Were Offered, Sold, or Given an Illegal Drug by Someone on School Property During the 12 Months Before the Survey

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Offered, Sold, or Given Illegal Drugs on School Property
YearMarylandUS
200929.322.7
201130.425.6
201329.122.1
201526.221.7
201723.519.8

Indicator 4: Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide

200914.5,15.8
201116.2,15.8
201316.0,17.0
201515.9,17.7
201717.3,17.2
Show Details

Indicator 4: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported They Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide During the 12 Months Before the Survey

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide
YearMarylandUS
200914.515.8
201116.215.8
201316.017.0
201515.917.7
201717.317.2

Indicator 5: Did Not Participate in At Least 60 Minutes of Physical Activity

201115.6,13.8
201318.0,15.2
201519.8,14.3
201721.6,15.4
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Indicator 5: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported Not Participating in at Least 60 Minutes of Physical Activity that Increased Their Heart Rate and Made Them Breathe Hard Some of the Time on at Least 1 Day During the 7 Days Before the Survey

Data for this indicator are not available before 2011.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Did Not Participate in At Least 60 Minutes of Physical Activity
YearMarylandUS
201115.613.8
201318.015.2
201519.814.3
201721.615.4

Indicator 6: Did Not Eat Vegetables 7 Days Before the Survey

20117.3,5.7
20137.1,6.6
20158.4,6.7
20179.0,7.2
Show Details

Indicator 6: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported They Did Not Eat Vegetables (e.g., Green Salad, Potatoes [Excluding French Fries, Fried Potatoes, or Potato Chips], Carrots, or Other Vegetables) During the 7 Days Before the Survey

Data for this indicator are not available before 2011.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm. Accessed on July 25, 2018.

Did Not Eat Vegetables 7 Days Before the Survey
YearMarylandUS
20117.35.7
20137.16.6
20158.46.7
20179.07.2

Grantee Highlights

Baltimore City Schools is utilizing its Promoting Student Resilience grant to establish a cohesive response to youth mental health needs, particularly in relation to trauma. Grant funds have been used to hire a trauma manager and trainers, and to provide a mandatory learning module on trauma-informed practices to all school teachers and staff. This article provides an overview of Baltimore City’s need for this work and its efforts to more effectively address the mental health needs of students.