Organizational Climate Description for Schools


Supportive principal behavior; Directive principal behavior; Restrictive principal behavior; Collegial teacher behavior; Intimate teacher behavior; Disengaged teacher behavior

Teachers and administrators
Grade Level
PK-6 (elementary); 7-9 (middle); 10-12 (secondary)
  • Hoy, W. K. (2013). The Organizational Climate Description for Elementary Schools (OCDQ-RE):
  • Hoy, W. K. (2013). The Organizational Climate Description For Middle Schools (OCDQ-RM):
  • Hoy, W. K. (2010). The Organizational Climate Description for Secondary Schools (OCDQ-RS):
  • Hoy, W. K., Tarter, C. J., & Kottkamp, R. B. (1991). Open schools/healthy schools: Measuring organizational climate. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. pp. 1-19, 20-52, 138-154. Retrieved from 
  • Hoy, W. K., Hoffman, J., Sabo, D., & Bliss, J. (1996). The organizational climate of middle schools. The development and test of the OCDQ-RM. Journal of Educational Administration34(1), 41-59
  • Hoy, W.K. (2014). Description of Sampling and Data Treatment. Unpublished memo
Survey Instruments

See Wayne Hoy’s website under the tab "Research Instruments" for information on the OCDQ survey series and for the various surveys: Survey instruments are available in English. 

Survey Level
Survey Data

This is one of the K-12 Surveys listed in the School Climate Survey Compendium.

American Institutes for Research

U.S. Department of Education

The contents of the National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments Web site were assembled under contracts from the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Safe and Supportive Schools to the American Institutes for Research (AIR), Contract Number  91990021A0020.

This Web site is operated and maintained by AIR. The contents of this Web site do not necessarily represent the policy or views of the U.S. Department of Education nor do they imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Education.

©2024 American Institutes for Research — Disclaimer   |   Privacy Policy   |   Accessibility Statement