Student engagement is multi-faceted, characterized by behavioral, emotional, and cognitive engagement.
Student engagement is a key element of a positive school climate, with a large body of research linking it to academic achievement. Students demonstrate behavioral engagement through actions such as consistent attendance, completing assignments, coming to class prepared, and participating in class and in school activities.
Students are emotionally engaged when they like school, are interested in, and identify with school culture. Students are cognitively engaged when they exert effort to do well in school, which can lead to strong academic self-concept.