School discipline refers to the rules and strategies applied in school to manage student behavior and practices used to encourage self-discipline.
School discipline addresses schoolwide, classroom, and individual student needs through broad prevention, targeted intervention, and development of self-discipline. Approaches to school discipline range from restorative (e.g., schoolwide school climate improvements, use of restorative practices) to punitive (e.g., suspension, expulsion, corporal punishment). When considering approaches to school discipline, the social discipline window is a conceptual model that provides way to maintain social norms and behavioral boundaries while defining restorative practices as a leadership model for parents in families, teachers in classrooms, and administrators in organizations. How school discipline is handled has a great impact on the learning environments of schools.