Discipline

Student sad after detention

School discipline refers to the rules and strategies applied in school to manage student behavior and practices used to encourage self discipline.

School discipline addresses schoolwide, classroom, and individual student needs through broad prevention, targeted intervention, and development of self-discipline. Approaches to school discipline range from positive (e.g., schoolwide school climate improvements, use of restorative practices) to punitive (e.g., suspension, expulsion, corporal punishment).  How school discipline is handled has a great impact on the learning environments of schools. 

 

Featured Resources

Student in a classroom

Provides a valid, reliable, and efficient evaluation tool meant for schools to measure the extent to which school personnel are applying the core features of school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (SWPBIS). This evaluation tool was updated in February 2017. 

Algozzine, B., Barrett, S., Eber, L., George, H., Horner, R., Lewis, T., Putnam, B., Swain-Bradway, J., McIntosh, K., & Sugai, G.
Teacher looking over the shoulder of a student

Helps guide districts in analyzing their own student-level disciplinary data to answer important questions about the use of disciplinary actions. This report identifies several considerations that should be accounted for prior to conducting any analysis of student-level disciplinary data. These include defining all data elements to be used in the analysis, establishing rules for transparency (including handling missing data), and defining the unit-of-analysis. 

Regional Educational Laboratory Program
Cover page for the Supportive School Discipline Webinar Series landing page.

Offers a series of webinar events focusing on school discipline issues, including current school discipline philosophies, policies, and practices, and emerging alternatives; addressing truancy and absenteeism; professional development across all stakeholders; the promise of trauma-informed practices; the role of school resource officers (SROs) in supportive school discipline; and the importance of youth, family, and community engagement.

NCSSLE/STTAC/SSDCOP
Desk chairs

Presents a comprehensive set of consensus-based and field-driven recommendations to improve conditions for learning for all students and educators, better support students with behavioral needs, improve police-schools partnerships, and keep students out of the juvenile justice system for minor offenses.

Front page of the Final Report of the Federal Commission on School Safety guide

Shares what the Federal Commission on School Safety found in research and recommends to advance safety in schools via prevention, protection and mitigation, and response and recovery. It touches on promoting mental health, addressing related discipline issues, and violence in schools.

Federal Commission on School Safety
Teachers having a conversation with students

Provides best practices and includes resources school leaders and teachers can utilize as they work to achieve a positive school climate, lower disciplinary issues and enhance school safety.

U.S. Department of Education
Video still.

Examines the possible inappropriate use of restraint and seclusion in our nation’s schools. Additionally, focuses on providing technical assistance to support schools in understanding how Section 504, Title II, and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) informs the development and implementation of policies governing the use of restraint and seclusion.

U.S. Department of Education

Related Resources

Research