School Climate Measurement

Students taking test

School climate measurement involves a comprehensive assessment of student engagement, school safety, and the learning environment.

The measurement of school climate provides educators with the necessary data to identify school needs, set goals, and track progress toward improvement.

School climate measurement is the first step toward school improvement.

By assessing the perceptions of school climate, educators and education agencies can identify key issues in need of reform. Once needs are identified, data from school climate assessments can be used to set goals and priorities and choose programmatic interventions. Data also can identify areas where students, staff, and parents view climate in similar or dissimilar ways.

School climate measurement is a tool for keeping schools accountable.

When measured over time, school climate data can be a powerful tool to track progress toward goals. Data also can be used to compare and contrast schools with one another.

School climate measurement is an evidence-based identification of school needs.

Reliable school climate surveys for students, families, and school staff are great tools for measuring school climate. You may find a growing list of these assessment tools in NCSSLE’s School Climate Survey Compendium.

Featured Resources

Presents 48 indicators on topics ranging from prekindergarten through postsecondary education, as well as labor force outcomes and international comparisons. Also included in the report are 2 Spotlight indicators that provide more in-depth analyses on selected topics.

McFarland, J., Hussar, B., Zhang, J., Wang, X., Wang, K., Hein, S., Diliberti, M., Forrest Cataldi, E., Bullock Mann, F., and Barmer, A.
Title slide of first webinar presentation of the School Climate Survey Webinar Series

Provides archived webinar materials from the School Climate Survey Webinar Series that addressed a range of school climate survey topics, including developing or identifying a survey, managing survey administration, and using survey data.

Thumnail image - Image of check boxs - School Climate Measurement Tool and Web-Based Platform - EDSCLS

Provides surveys for middle and high school students, their parents, teachers, instructional staff, non-instructional staff and administrators on a web-based platform. The surveys can be downloaded free of charge and provide user-friendly school climate reports back to users. Local education agencies administering the survey will be able to store the data locally on their own data systems.

U.S Department of Education
Thumbnail cover image - Quick Guide on Making School Climate Improvements

Provides district and school leaders, teachers, school staff, and other members of the school community with the basics on how to initiate, implement, and sustain school climate improvements. Specifically, it explains how making school climate improvements involves 5 sets of activities-- planning; engaging stakeholders; collecting, analyzing and reporting school climate data; identifying and implementing interventions; and monitoring and evaluation.

National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments
Compendia Thumbnail

Provides lists of school climate surveys and scales, for grades pre-k through postsecondary school, educators can use to assess their learning environment. All surveys and scales in the compendium have been tested for validity and reliability.

National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environment

Reviews the characteristics of 21 instruments that measure student engagement in upper elementary through high school; summarizes what each instrument measures, describes its purposes and uses, and provides technical information on its psychometric properties.

Provides researchers, prevention specialists, and health educators with tools to measure a range of bullying experiences. Includes bully, victim, bully and victim, and bystander scales.

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