School Climate Measurement


School climate measurement involves a comprehensive assessment of student engagement, school safety, and the learning environment.

The measurement of school climate provides educators with the necessary data to identify school needs, set goals, and track progress toward improvement.


Featured Resources

youth risk behavior survey

Provides an overview of the most recent data on health behaviors and experiences among high school students in the United States. Some of the key trends presented on adolescent health and well being include: sexual behaviors, substance use, suicidal thoughts and behaviors, mental health, and school connectedness.

Nevada School Climate thumbnail

Administered annually to students across the state of Nevada and is used by schools to measure and understand their students’ perceptions of key school climate topics, including physical and emotional safety, relationships, and cultural and linguistic competence, as well as students’ perceptions of their social and emotional competencies. In addition, data from the NV-SCSEL are used by the Nevada Department of Education to help understand student needs across the state. In 2021, an annual staff survey was introduced as a way to incorporate staff voice and experiences into school

CRDC image

The U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights announced in a letter to school superintendents that it will administer a 2021-22 Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC), marking the first time that OCR has conducted a CRDC, including all public school districts and their schools, two years in a row, for 2020-21 and 2021-22.

Resource displaying part of a map.

In “Development of a School Survey and Index as a School Performance Measure in Maryland: A REL–MSDE Research Partnership,” Tim Kautz, Charles Tilley, Christine Ross, and Natalie Larkin detail Maryland’s development and validation of a school climate survey and the process for developing an overall index of climate for each school.

Group of students sitting in front of a school.

Provides researchers, prevention specialists, and health educators with tools to measure a range of bullying experiences. Includes bully, victim, bully and victim, and bystander scales.

Student holding a book.

Reviews the characteristics of 21 instruments that measure student engagement in upper elementary through high school; summarizes what each instrument measures, describes its purposes and uses, and provides technical information on its psychometric properties.

Pencil checking off a EDSCLS box.

Provides surveys for middle and high school students, their parents, teachers, instructional staff, non-instructional staff and administrators on a web-based platform. The surveys can be downloaded free of charge and provide user-friendly school climate reports back to users. Local education agencies administering the survey will be able to store the data locally on their own data systems.

compendium online

Provides lists of school climate surveys and scales, for grades pre-k through postsecondary school, educators can use to assess their learning environment. All surveys and scales in the compendium have been tested for validity and reliability.

Title slide of first webinar presentation of the School Climate Survey Webinar Series

Provides archived webinar materials from the School Climate Survey Webinar Series that addressed a range of school climate survey topics, including developing or identifying a survey, managing survey administration, and using survey data.

Related Resources



American Institutes for Research

U.S. Department of Education

The contents of the National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments Web site were assembled under contracts from the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Safe and Supportive Schools to the American Institutes for Research (AIR), Contract Number  91990021A0020.

This Web site is operated and maintained by AIR. The contents of this Web site do not necessarily represent the policy or views of the U.S. Department of Education nor do they imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Education.

©2024 American Institutes for Research — Disclaimer   |   Privacy Policy   |   Accessibility Statement