Protective factors are strengths and supports that allow children to succeed despite many risk factors (e.g. being in poverty or having parents with substance abuse problems). Three key factors offered by schools that protect young children and promote their resilience are 1) caring relationships, 2) high expectations and academic standards, and 3) opportunities for participation and contribution.
For children aged 5-12 years, the school's role in supporting protective factors in children cannot be understated. Through daily contact, schools help shape children's beliefs in their own abilities to achieve, and can help children develop and strengthen protective factors, which promote their resilience when exposed to adverse events, and even may prevent problems from occurring in the future.