Middle/High School is the phase of children’s education and development, usually representing grades 6 through 12, defined by adolescence, including a desire for increasing independence.
In addition to providing an academic curricula, effective middle schools focus on social/emotional development, life skills and engagement. And effective high schools provide support to enhance cognitive skills, engagement and the promotion of leadership. A special focus of high schools is also to prepare students for their transition to post secondary education, vocational/education training, and initial entrance into the world of work.
Safe and Supportive Schools Technical Assistance Center (Center) hosted a Webinar titled “Substance Abuse Prevention in Schools.” During the session, the presenter, Dr. William B. Hansen, President of Tanglewood Research, October 12 and 13, 2011.
Cognato, C. A. (1999, October). The effects of transition activities on adolescent self-perception and academic achievement during the progression from eighth to ninth grade. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Middle School Association, Orlando.
Gruhn, W. T., & Douglass, H. R. (1947). The modern junior high school. New York: The Ronald Press Company.
McEwin, C. K. (1998). Concepts of continuing importance. In R. David (Ed.), Moving forward from the past: Early writings and current reflections of middle school founders (pp. 35-39). Columbus, OH: National Middle School Association & Pittsburgh, PA: Pennsylvania Middle School Association.
Vars, G. F. (1998). You’ve come a long way, baby! In R. David (Ed.), Moving forward from the past:Early writings and current reflections of middle school founders (pp. 222-233). Columbus, OH: National Middle School Association & Pittsburgh, PA: Pennsylvania Middle School Association.
Hough, David, (2003). A Bona fide middle school: Programs, policy, practice and grade span configuration – What current research says to the middle level practitioner. National Middle School Association, Ohio.
Thompson, K., & Prisbell, L. (1999, October). An alternative to retention: A middle school/high school transition program. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Middle School Association, Orlando.