Data Trends & Indicators

There are a number of data and indicators that can help inform the Nation on the nature of school climate in learning environments. Below are a selection of national indicators that can help provide context from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) and other sources with data on college students.

In addition, a report called, Indicators of School Crime and Safety, presents data on crime at school from the perspectives of students, teachers, principals, and the general population from an array of sources--the National Crime Victimization Survey, the School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey, the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, the School Survey on Crime and Safety and the School and Staffing Survey. Data on crime away from school are also presented to place school crime in the context of crime in the larger society.  

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Selected Indicators

Indicator 1: Students Ages 12-18 Who Reported Being Targets of Hate-Related Words at School

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Indicator 1: Percentage of Students Ages 12-18 Who Reported Being Targets of Hate-Related Words at School (2001-2017).

NOTE: “Hate-related” refers to derogatory terms used by others in reference to students’ personal characteristics. “At school” includes the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and, from 2001 onward, going to and from school. NOTE: For both 2007 and 2009, the reference period was the school year, whereas in prior survey years the reference period was the previous 6 months. Cognitive testing showed that estimates from 2007 and 2011 are comparable to previous years.

Citation: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2017.

Students Ages 12-18 Who Reported Being Targets of Hate-Related Words at School
200112.3
200311.7
200511.2
20079.7
20098.7
20119.1
20136.6
20157.3
20177.2

Indicator 2: Students in Grades 9-12 Who Reported Using Alcohol Anywhere at Least One Day During the Previous 30 Days

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Indicator 2: Percentage of Students in Grades 9-12 Who Reported Using Alcohol Anywhere at Least One Day During the Previous 30 Days (1993-2017).

NOTE: The term "anywhere" was not used in the YRBS questionnaire; students were simply asked how many days did they have at least one drink of alcohol during the past 30 days.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adolescent and School Health, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), various years, 1993-2017.

Students in Grades 9-12 Who Reported Using Alcohol Anywhere at Least One Day During the Previous 30 Days
199348.0
199551.6
199750.8
199950.0
200147.1
200344.9
200543.3
200744.7
200941.8
201138.7
201334.9
201532.8
201729.8

Indicator 3: Students in Grades 9-12 Who Reported Using Alcohol On School Property at Least One Day During the Previous 30 Days

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Indicator 3: Percentage of Students in Grades 9-12 Who Reported Using Alcohol On School Property at Least One Day During the Previous 30 Days (1993-2011).

NOTE: "On school property" was not defined for survey respondents. In the 2013 YRBS and beyond, students in grades 9-12 were asked if they had consumed alcohol on at least 1 day during the previous 30 days. Prior to 2013, students were also asked if they had consumed alcohol on school property during the previous 30 days. Due to this change in the questionnaire, this indicator cannot be compared past 2011.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adolescent and School Health, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), various years, 1993-2011.

Students in Grades 9-12 Who Reported Using Alcohol On School Property at Least One Day During the Previous 30 Days
19935.2
19956.3
19975.6
19994.9
20014.9
20035.2
20054.3
20074.1
20095.5
20115.1

Indicator 4: Percentage of Students Ages 12-18 Being Bullied

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Indicator 4: Percentage of Students Ages 12-18 Who Reported Being Bullied at School (2007-2015).

NOTE: "At school" includes the school building, on school property, on a school bus, or going to and from school. Bullying types do not sum to total because students could have experienced more than one type of bullying. In 2006-2007, the unit response rate for this survey did not meet NCES statistical standards; therefore, interpret the data with caution.

Citation: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2017.

Percentage of Students Ages 12-18 Being Bullied
200732.0
200929.0
201129.7
201323.1
201520.8

Indicator 5: Rate of Violent Victimizations Per 1,000 Students at School

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Indicator 5: Rate of Violent Victimizations Per 1,000 Students at School (2008-2016).

NOTE: "Violent victimization" includes serious violent crimes and simple assault. Serious violent crimes include rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault. "At school" includes inside the school building, on school property, or on the way to or from school.

Citation: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2017.

Rate of Violent Victimizations Per 1,000 Students at School
200829.8
200928.1
201016.5
201123.7
201228.8
201337.4
201418.9
201617.8

Indicator 6: High School Students Who Reported Attempted Suicide During the 12 Months Before the Survey

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Indicator 6: Percentage of High School Students Who Reported Attempted Suicide During the 12 Months Before the Survey (1991-2017).

NOTE: 95% confidence interval.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adolescent and School Health, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), various years, 1991-2017.

High School Students Who Reported Attempted Suicide During the 12 Months Before the Survey
19917.3
19938.6
19958.7
19977.7
19998.3
20018.8
20038.5
20058.4
20076.9
20096.3
20117.8
20138.0
20158.6
20177.4

Indicator 7: High School Students Who Were Overweight

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Indicator 7: Percentage of High School Students Who Were Overweight (1999-2017).

NOTE: Students who were ≥85th percentile but <95th percentile for body mass index, based on sex- and age-specific reference data from the 2000 CDC growth charts. 95% confidence interval.

Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adolescent and School Health, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), various years, 1999-2017.

High School Students Who Were Overweight
19999.9
200110.5
200313.5
200513.1
200715.8
200915.8
201115.2
201316.6
201516.0
201715.6

Indicator 8: College Students Reporting Alcohol Use in the Last 30 Days*

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Indicator 8: College Students Reporting Alcohol Use in the Last 30 Days (2009-2017).*

Missing values have been excluded from analysis. Students responding "not applicable" were excluded from several analyses.

Citation: American College Health Association, National College Health Assessment, various years, Fall 2009-2017.

College Students Reporting Alcohol Use in the Last 30 Days*
200959.2
201059.8
201162.0
201262.0
201361.3
201464.3
201559.5
201761.7

Indicator 9: College Students Who Reported Experiencing a Verbal Threat*

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Indicator 9: College Students Reported Experiencing Verbal Threats Within the Last 12 Months (2009-2017).*

Missing values have been excluded from analysis. Students responding "not applicable" were excluded from several analyses.

Citation: American College Health Association, National College Health Assessment, various years, Fall 2009-2017.

College Students Who Reported Experiencing a Verbal Threat*
200921.9
201020.9
201118.3
201218.5
201317.0
201417.8
201517.6
201719.8

* Higher Education