Data Collection and Analysis

In order to determine whether a treatment or prevention program or policy is effective, program staff and evaluators collect and manage data during each step of planning and implementation, and after the program is over.

Different kinds of data are useful at different stages. For instance, process measures describe how the program was implemented, while outcome measures describe the effects of program efforts. All of these measures can help administrators strengthen, improve, and showcase the program.  Data collection and management are important steps to finding out what works and why in campus and community alcohol, other drug, and violence prevention.

There are a number of other considerations as you prepare to collect your data:

 

Featured Resources

Cover image of the Methods for Assessing College Student Use of Alcohol and Other Drugs

Offers a straightforward method for gathering and reporting student survey data on substance use-related problems. Administrators must understand the nature and extent of these problems at their institutions in order to develop effective programs and policies to reduce alcohol- and other drug-related (AOD) problems on campus.

Focuses on the growing problems of income and wealth disparity and social mobility, and the role higher education can play in economic prosperity. The article emphasizes the need for board members to understand what the data say about their institution's contributions to restoring opportunity in America and creating a culture that prioritizes student success.

Thumbnail cover image - Expectations Meet Reality: The Underprepared Student and Community Colleges

Explores the experiences of community college students in the areas of assessment, placement, and developmental education. The report critically examines the "broken state" of developmental education and the implications it has on the academic outcomes of underprepared students. As a recommendation to resolve this issue, the report encourages colleges to review their programs, measurement systems, and student data when developing strategies to help underprepared students successfully complete college-level work.

Report cover - College Costs in Context A State-by-State Look at College (Un)Affordability

Analyzes state-level college affordability at two- and four-year public colleges, by focusing on the share of family income required to cover the net price paid by students at each income level. The report finds striking inequities in public college affordability, both within and across states. While college costs are high relative to family incomes for most students in most states, the lowest income students face the most extreme and unrealistic financial expectations. Sortable data by state and sector are also available for download.

Presents key data that show the continuing educational inequities and opportunity gaps for students of color and low-income students and highlights promising practices that many colleges are taking to advance success for students of all backgrounds. 

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